China Tagging Guidelines
This is a recommended tagging guide for those who want to map in mainland China.
According to the Surveying and Mapping Law of the People's Republic of China and The Map Management Regulations, if you decide to map in China, YOU MUST OBEY THE FOLLOWING RULES STRICTLY!!!
DO NOT USE ANY HIGH-ACCURACY SURVEYING EQUIPMENT IN CHINA!
DO NOT MAP MILITARY AND ANY OTHER FORBIDDEN AREA WHICH MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO NATIONAL SECURITY!
DO NOT MAP DISPUTED OR SENSITIVE AREAS!
- This table provides editors a recommended tagging guide. For those special circumstances which may not be included, please refer to Key:highway for conventional usage.
- When mapping National/Regional route system, editors should follow their administrative level instead of their physical conditions, from G(National) class to C(Village) class in a descending order(from trunk to unclassified)
- For ex/old-National/Regional Routes, consider them in common circumstances instead of using the road type of their former level.
- To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:surface for more information.
- As for urban roads, editors should tag based on a principle that the distinction between different roads is clear. Thus, road tagging should depend on its importance in the whole network(elucidated in the underlined parts) instead of numbers of lanes or quality of surface.
- The residential areas, commercial areas and industrial areas mentioned in this table are referred to landuse=* or amenity=* areas divided into minimum units (e.g. XX community, XX commerce center/plaza, XX factory/corporation), instead of broadly speaking large functional areas.
|highway||motorway||1) National Expressways with prefix G, whose number contains 1,2 or 4 digits.
2) Provincial Expressways with prefix S, whose number contains 1,2 or 4 digits.
3) Expressways connecting to an airport.
|highway||trunk||1) National highways with prefix G, whose number contains 3 digits. (add ref=*)
2) Elevated Roads or city expressways, which often contain the following words in their names(X环路、XX快速路，XX大道,XX高架), fully or partly elevated
3) Elevated roads connecting to a large public transport facility（e.g. airport or railway station）
|highway||primary||1) Provincial highways with prefix S,whose number contains 3 digits. (add ref=*)
2) Roads connecting several city/districts/towns, collecting most of the inter-city traffic or long-distance traffic inside a city.
3) Roads connecting to a large public transport facility.（e.g. airport or railway station）
4) Roads connecting cities and counties.
|Only used to tag a few of the most important major roads in a city.|
|highway||secondary||1) County-level highways with prefix X. (add ref=*)
2) Roads connecting numerous residential, commercial, industrial areas,collecting most of the local traffic between urban areas.
3) Roads connecting to a public transport facility（e.g. airport or railway station）
4) Roads connecting counties and towns.
|Note that in large cities, X-routes may have important function in suburbs， some X-routes may have already been a part of urban road network or may perform as feeders between more important highways . In conditions similar to those mentioned above, you may tag them wholly or partly as highway=primary.|
|highway||tertiary||1) Township-level highways with prefix Y. (add ref=*)
2) Accommodation Highway with prefix Z. (add ref=*)
3) Roads connecting several local residential, commercial, industrial areas,collecting most of the local traffic among these areas.
4) Roads directly connect to a major building, providing people with access to the building, diverged from a motorway, trunk, primary or secondary(e.g. airport terminal, railway station main building, commercial complex)
5) Roads connecting towns and villages.
|highway||unclassified||1) Other highways with prefix Q. (add ref=*)
2) Roads connecting numerous buildings, farmlands or parking areas, collecting most of the local traffic among these facilities/buildings
3) Frontage roads on a secondary major road
4) Main roads inside industrial areas and commercial areas with connection to outside roads.
5) Roads connecting villages and residential groups.
|highway||residential||1) Main roads inside a residential area with connection to outside roads.|
|highway||service||1) Roads connecting several buildings, farmlands or parking areas, collecting most of the local traffic among these facilities/buildings.2) Small roads providing access to a building, parking lots, driveway, alley, etc.
3) Roads inside a parking area, providing access to rows of parking lots. (add
|highway||motorway_link||The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a motorway from/to a motorway or lower class highway.||add |
|highway||trunk_link||The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a trunk from/to a trunk or lower class highway.|
|highway||primary_link||The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a primary road from/to a primary road or lower class highway.|
|highway||secondary_link||The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a secondary road from/to a secondary road or lower class highway.|
|highway||tertiary_link||The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a tertiary road from/to a tertiary road or lower class highway.|
|highway||motorway_junction||1) Exit node of an interchange
2) Exit node of an overpass hub
3) Exit node of a service/rest area
（Name of the exit instead of destinations, usually the same as toll booth name）
（Name of destinations）
|highway||pedestrian||1) Streets only used for pedestrians in commercial and some residential areas.
2) Squares and plazas (add tag
|highway||track||Roads for mostly agricultural or forestry uses.||This tag is not describing the quality of a road but its use.|
|highway||raceway||Courses or tracks for (motor) racing in regular F1, bumper cars or other racing games.||Do not use it for sport courses other than racing.|
|highway||footway||1) Designated footpaths mainly for pedestrians or walkers.
2) Moving sidewalk
3) Paths for pedestrians as well as cyclists (add
|highway||bridleway||Designated paths mainly for horses.|
|highway||cycleway||Designated paths mainly for cyclists.|
|highway||path||Trails not applicable of footway/bridleway/cycleway|
|railway||rail||1) Full sized passenger or freight train tracks in the standard gauge (gauge=1435) for the country or state. (
2) Tracks running parallel to (and connected to) a main route, which is common in stations or maintenance depots( add service=siding or service=yard or service=spur)
|railway||subway||Mass underground transit tracks/routes in major cities(e.g. subway, metro)||Do not mistake routes with a minority of elevated tracks for railway=monorail|
|railway||tram||Tracks/routes for tram vehicles, usually share roads with automobiles|
|railway||monorail||1) Tracks/routes for monorail vehicles, usually elevated above a road.
2) Maglev tracks/routes
|Do not mistake routes with a minority of tunneled tracks for railway=subway|
|railway||construction||Railways under construction|
|Civil Airport||aeroway=aerodrome||Depicts the figure by following the gate fence around the airport.|
|Runway||aeroway=runway||Include overrun and threshold segment.|
|Parking Position||aeroway=parking_position||Use as a way element when mapping parking guidance line;use as a node element when mapping parking position|
Highway and others
place=*node should be placed at a location which is widely known to all locals， e.g. Location of government, Central Square or any other central statues.
- Total population instead of urban population should be written in population=*, add population:date=yyyy-mm-dd if possible.
|Admin Level||Admin Boundary Type||Corresponding Place Tag||Comment|
|3||SAR/Disputed Area||SARs: Hong Kong/Macau|
5 Autonomous Regions
4 Province-level Municipalities
Autonomous Prefectures,Prefectures and Leagues:
|293 Prefecture-level Cities
30 Autonomous Prefectures
DO NOT add population=*!（in view of huge-population counties will shade more significant cities）
366 County-level Cities
117 Autonomous Counties
3 Autonomous Banners
1 Special District
1 Forestry Area
|7||Economic and Technology Development Zone(Proposed)||
||219 National Economic and Technology Development Zone
820+ Provincial Economic and Technology Development Zone (as of 2013)
17 Boundary Economic Cooperation Zone
985 Ethnic Townships
2 District Public Offices
1 Ethnic Sum
||≈558,000 Village Committees(as of Q2 2017)
≈104,000 Neighborhood Committees(as of Q2 2017)
- Default name tag uses local script, which is simplified Chinese for mainland China area. Names in other languages including those in ethic minority languages should be mentioned as the name:code=* field.
- Name in English name:en=* should follow official naming. For other currently widely-used transliteration, use separate tag int_name=*.
- Any content which considered inappropriate should not be written in default name tag like redundant words that local people do not use in daily life. (e.g. "积石山