Indonesian people live in area with many hazards, such as geological hazard, volcanic hazard, climatic hazard, and also tsunami. It is true that hazard is something that we can not avoid, but we can reduce the risk, thus the impact and loss (people, economy, and infrastructure) could be minimized. Since Indonesian government awareness about disaster getting increase since the tsunami Aceh attacked on 2004, many programs and projects have been done by the Indonesian government to reduce disaster risk. It was initialized by the establishment of Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana) on 2008.
In the last 4 years, the government had focused on technical recovery and preparedness, but in recent years the government focused on increasing the capacity to reduce the disaster risk, not only the community capacity but also the government agency capacity. One thing that the government agency should be prepared to response disaster is contingency planning. Contingency planning is a plan that explain what each agency should do and should be prepared when a disaster is happen. But, since the lack of knowledge and skill of the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD)'s staff, BNPB has identified a priority need to improve contingency planning with an emphasis on the use of realistic disaster scenarios as the starting point for this new, comprehensive process.
The Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana incorporated with AusAID through the Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) run Scenario Development for Contingency Planning workshops. The focus of the current workshops is for participants to understand how to develop maps that will enable them to identify areas of high impact in case of a disaster and use these maps as a basis for their contingency planning. The software used in these workshop is open source, consist of OpenStreetMap (OSM),QuantumGIS (QGIS), and Indonesia Scenario Assessment For Emergencies (InaSAFE).
- Indonesia Scenario Assessment For Emergencies (InaSAFE): free and open source software that produces realistic natural hazard impact scenarios for better planning, preparedness and response activities. InaSAFE is being developed by AIFDR in close consultation with BNPB.
- OpenStreetMap (OSM) tools: a free map of the world that anyone can add to and edit. Utilizing community mapping allows for more detailed information that can be fed into InaSAFE (i.e. How many houses will be affected by a specific hazard).
- QuantumGIS (QGIS): an open source Geographical Information System software that allows users to spatially analyse their data, it is also the platform on which InaSAFE is built.
The training was took place in 6 provinces with high vulnerability to disaster, such as West Sumatra, West Java, East Java, South Sulawesi, West Papua, and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). The training has three stages; beginner consisting of 2 workshops the first is on how to map digitally (5 day course), the second is how to analysis the spatial data (3 day course). The second stage; Intermediate, is focused on developing the skills learnt in the first workshops and integrating more advanced analysis. The last stage is focused on training the trainer and will be held in Jakarta early next year (2013).
Here is the more detail information about the workshop in each province :
- Contingency Planning Workshop in West Sumatra
- Contingency Planning Workshop in West Java
- Contingency Planning Workshop in East Java
- Contingency Planning Workshop in South Sulawesi
- Contingency Planning Workshop in West Papua
- Contingency Planning Workshop in East Nusa Tenggara
- Contingency Planning Workshop in Makassar