ES:Ciclismo de montaña

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Logo. Característica : Ciclismo de montaña
One example for Característica : Ciclismo de montaña
Descripción
Mountainbiking routes
Etiquetas

Sobre esta página

El objetivo de esta página es ayudar a crear mapas de OSM desde la perspectiva de los ciclistas de montaña. La página es originalmente una traducción de la versión alemana (traducida desde su versión en inglés) que inició el tema. Esto será de una hecho una propuesta oficial (¡por favor, ayuda!) con la votación que tendrá lugar tan pronto como sea posible. Esta página se crea, por tanto, para dar consistencia en el etiquetado de características del ciclismo de montaña para pistas y caminos.

Please help me in putting up the proposals and voicing your support so that mountainbikers can be sure of how to quickly tag ways and knowing that they can profit from it getting mtb specific maps once the renderers have the certainity of how the ways are mapped.

For any "Newcomers". Please discuss proposals on the Proposed_features parts rather than on the talk page here, and also look for the newest decisions regarding how to tag. I think everyone will try to get an easy but specific enough feature set setup that will cover our needs as mountainbikers. Please take part in the discussions if you can think of ways how to do it better. In a few days when the Drafts have gone to RFC I will try to actualise this page with the Proposals. Currently there are some discrepancies.--Extremecarver 22:42, 20 November 2008 (UTC)

Lista de nuevas propuestas para discuir, relacionadas con ciclismo de montaña

Etiquetas Generales adecuadas para el ciclismo de montaña, pero no directamente relacionados con mtbiking como tal

clave comentario
highway=path/track Si una vía esta etiquetada como highway=footway es posible cambiarla a highway=path foot=designated
foot=yes/no/designated/private/permissive/destination/unknown -
bicycle=yes/no/designated/private/permissive/destination/dismount/unknown ¿Está permitida la bici? Es sólo una cuestión legal.
width=<Meter> Ancho de vía
surface=ground/sand/stone/gravel/grass/dirt -
smoothness=excellent to impassable Esquema de clasificación en cuanto a la facilidad de uso físico de un camino para vehículos de ruedas.
tracktype=grade1 to grade5 Firmeza de superficies highway=track.
trail_visibility=excellent/good/intermediate/bad/horrible/no Visibilidad de ruta y orientación.

Etiquetas básica relacionadas con Mtbiking

Clave Comentario Proposición/Map Feature Page Estado/Progreso
mtb:scale=0-6 Grado de dificultad para el uso de mtb. Basado en la escala alemana "Singletrailskala". key:mtb:scale Aprobada
mtb:scale:imba=0-4 Grado de dificultad para mtb en pistas construidas. Principalmente aplicable en Norte América. key:mtb:scale Aprobada
mtb:scale:uphill=0-5 Grado de dificultad para mtb en ascenso. Usado si la inclinación es significativa. key:mtb:scale Aprobada
incline=<incline in %> or up/down Inlinación de una ruta. Usar esta etiqeuta en combinación con mtb:scale:uphill para especificar el sentido del camino (subida o bajada). Key:incline Aprobada
mtb:type=crosscountry/allmountain/downhill/trial/freeride Dar más atributos a un sendero desde la perspectiva de la bicicleta de montaña. Clasificar a su uso. Proposed_features/mtb:type Ver valores usados normalmente [taginfo]
mtb:description=any Cualquier información adicional relacionada con el uso de mtbike en la ruta. Proposed_features/mtb:description Aprobada
mtb:access=needs to be discussed Información sobre accesos, horas, días, cierre temporal.... Proposed_features/mtb_access Draft - Needs Ideas - Usage depends on other Proposals
mtb:name=any Algunas veces las rutas tienen nombres sólo usados por los ciclistas, no son nombres oficiales. Usar mtb:name para especificar esto. No es Key:loc_name
class:bicycle:mtb=-3 to 3 Especificar subjetivamente lo bien que se adapte / lo divertido que es para MTBbiking (posibilidad de elegir "una línea" de MTB: escala = 0 y 1 - o fácilmente en secciones que son muy difíciles) Class:bicycle
class:bicycle:mtb:technical=-3 to 3 Especificación subjetiva de como es la ruta para enduro/freeride/trial ciclistas (average mtb:scale=2 and up) Class:bicycle
aerialway:bicycle:=yes/summer/no Specify if bicycles are transported on aerialways. For Gondolas, Cable_Cars and Mixed_lifts yes shall be assumed. For chairlifts, t-bars and others no is default. Use value summer, if bicycles/mtbikes are only transported during summer season. In general chairlifts and t-bars don't allow for bicycle transport, but more and more places, especially in bikeparks add hooks for bicycle transport (usually either 1 at the side, or as many as there are places at the back of the chair. Proposed_features/Piste_Maps

Relevant proposals that can accompany mtb tagged trails

key comment needs proposal Status/Progress
tourism=information
information=map
Information point with map of trails, typically found at the trailhead. Proposed_features/information Disputed use of access tags to describe object (see talk page), inactive but in use
tourism=information
information=guidepost
Information point with direction signs. Proposed_features/Guidepost
osmc:symbol=* Notation system for trail symbols Key:osmc:symbol
trailblazed=yes A way is marked with trailblazes Proposed_features/trailblazed

The above keys seem to be in use but keep track of eventual changes, they are indicated here to point out details that are very relevant to note while surveying, and a temporary tagging scheme allow us to store it.

Additional tags if a way is part of a MTB Route / Relation

Note network=* is not defined for mtb routes. Use distance/ascent/descent/roundtrip instead to better classify a route.

key comment
route=mtb consistency with cycle and hiking routes.
ref=R811,... Reference of the way if any.
name=Alpentour Austria,... name of the route.
distance=distance in km The distance covered by this route, if known. For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. If no unit is given km is assumed (else use e.g. 25miles)
ascent=ascent in m The ascent covered by a route in meters (for other units use e.g. 600feet). If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
descent=descent in m The descent covered by a route in meters(for other units use e.g. 100feet). Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
roundtrip=yes/no Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B, instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).

You can create your own maps including route=mtb for Garmin Units/Mapsource or Qlandkarte GT by following the procedure explained here however: OSM_Map_On_Garmin/mtb_map.

How to tag ways appropriate for mtbiking

JOSM now includes mtb:scale in the presets for paths and tracks. For incline and mtb:scale:uphill; mtb:description; mtb:scale:imba or others, you can add the keys and values by clicking on "add". For keys that are not available on a preset you can either add a mtb preset from here: http://josm.openstreetmap.de/wiki/Presets or directly entering the information by clicking on "ADD". JOSM Example:

Josm Properties.png


With Potlatch after selecting a way click on the "+" icon:

Potlatch Plus.png

And then replace key with the respective key, and enter the value into the gray type value here

Potlatch fields.png

Rendering of MTB maps

4UMaps Map with elevation lines, hill shading and track tags
  • VTTrack implements the MTB features on various underlying maps (OpenStreetMap, GoogleMaps, French Geoportail maps). It also includes other sources of MTB tours and trails, especially other sources whose tour/trail rating scale is mappable onto mtb:scale (UtagawaVTT.com, VTTour.fr, Singletrack.fr, Gulliver.it, cycloalpinismo.com).
  • On OpenRouteService you can route from A to B with preference for mtb trails and routes.
  • Mtbmap.cz rendering of both MTB features together with specific hiking trail markings (red/green/blue/yellow) in the Czech Republic, with the aim to generate maps comparable to the printed maps generated according to the Czech cartography standards. It also renders MTB features and supports rendering hiking trails using WayMarkedTrails overlay for the rest of Europe (overlay can be enabled via layers menu in the top right corner of the map). In the Czech Republic, the map also supports complex planning and optimization MTB trips (dynamic specification of preferences for various types of trails and roads) with generation of altitude profiles.
  • 4UMaps.eu implements MTB as well as hiking features. The map is optimized for outdoor activities with elevation lines, hill shading, accommodation etc. A free download of predefined maps is also available.
  • mtbmap.se serves an online map with mountainbike focus. Covers Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland at the moment. At the same time an experiment of how to render very large areas with Maperitive.
  • Rendering HikingBikingMaps: HikingBikingMaps
  • Orienteering Map Specifications, including MTB-O
  • MTB trails with altitude profiles, routing capabilities and GPX export: www.xctrails.org
  • nice rendering for mtb's: Waymarked Trails

Rendering of MTB maps on Garmin units

You can download routable mountainbike maps for European countries, Alps, Australia/NewZealand, South America and Africa on Openmtbmap.org The maps support autorouting with preference for mtb trails and cycleways, and give visual display of mtb:scale; mtb:scale:uphill (taking incline into account for "downhill arrows") and route=mtb.

You can also create your own maps using mkgmap.

Rendering on Android devices

Openandromaps provides vector maps and themes for MTB, hiking and biking. These can be used with Oruxmaps[1] or Locus[2] and provide information about mtb:scale and mtb:scale:uphill. The maps are in the mapsforge format and can also be used with other applications using implementing this format.

Map legend Example
Official MTB-Routes color codes for mtb:scale

••••••••• Brown: mtb:scale_0 or no mtb:scale tagged in OSM
••••••••• Green: mtb:scale_1
••••••••• Blue: mtb:scale_2
••••••••• Red: mtb:scale_3
••••••••• Black: mtb_scale >= 4


MTB:SCALE Color codes of highway=path|footway|track
——– Brown: no mtb:scale tagged (only for path/footway)
------- Brown / Green dashed: : mtb:scale_0 (only path/footway)
——– Green: mtb:scale_1
——– Blue: mtb:scale_2
——– Red: mtb:scale_3
------- Black / Red dashed: mtb:scale >= 4


MTB:SCALE:UPHILL
—|——–|—— mtb:scale:uphill = 1
—||——–||—– mtb:scale:uphill = 2
—|||——–|||—- mtb:scale:uphill = 3
—||||——–||||— mtb:scale:uphill = 4
–|||||——–|||||– mtb:scale:uphill = 5

OpenAndroMaps with Locus Pro

Ver también