WikiProject India/Boundaries

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Boundaries in India
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Tagging scheme to map various boundaries in India.

Administrative divisions

These are the most important boundaries to map and deal with the control of revenue and land records of the nation.

boundary=administrative

+admin_level= +ref= Feature Description
1 Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental shelf Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental shelf The Exclusive Economic Zone is a seazone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. These extend from the edge of the territorial sea out to 200 nautical miles (370 kilometres; 230 miles) from the baseline. Within this area, the coastal nation has sole exploitation rights over all natural resources. In casual use, the term may include the territorial sea and even the continental shelf. The continental shelf is defined as the natural prolongation of the land territory to the continental margin’s outer edge, or 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the coastal state's baseline, whichever is greater. A state's continental shelf may exceed 200 nautical miles (370 km) until the natural prolongation ends. However, it may never exceed 350 nautical miles (650 kilometres; 400 miles) from the baseline; or it may never exceed 100 nautical miles (190 kilometres; 120 miles) beyond the 2,500 meter isobath (the line connecting the depth of 2,500 meters). Coastal states have the right to harvest mineral and non-living material in the subsoil of its continental shelf, to the exclusion of others.
2 +maritime=yes Territorial waters Territorial waters Out to 12 nautical miles (22 kilometres; 14 miles) from the baseline, the coastal state is free to set laws, regulate use, and use any resource. Vessels were given the right of innocent passage through any territorial waters, with strategic straits allowing the passage of military craft as transit passage, in that naval vessels are allowed to maintain postures that would be illegal in territorial waters.
3 ISO_3166 National Border The national sovereign boundary of the country as per UN. The area is presided over by the President of India.
4 Zonal Councils and North Eastern Council Zonal Councils and North Eastern Council Section 15 of the States Reorgnization Act 1956 provided that there shall be a Zonal Council for each of the five zones of the country. The present composition of these Zonal Councils is as under:

Northern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Chandigarh

Central Zonal Council, comprising the States of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh;

Eastern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal;

Western Zonal Council, comprising the States of Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and the Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli; and

Southern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry.

The North Eastern States i.e. (i) Assam (ii) Arunachal Pradesh (iii) Manipur (iv) Tripura (v) Mizoram (vi) Meghalaya and (vii) Nagaland are not included in the Zonal Councils and their special problems are looked after by the North Eastern Council, set up under the North Eastern Council Act, 1972. The State of Sikkim has also been included in the North Eastern Council vide North Eastern Council (Amendment) Act, 2002 notified on 23rd December, 2002.

5 ISO_3166-2 State / Union Territory The 28 States and 7 Union territories of India. Each state is headed by a Governeor or a Lt Governer in the case of a UT
6 Revenue division Big states like Maharashtra are divided into multiple divisions which constitutes multiple districts based on socio-economic similarities.
7+place=district ###MDDS DTC Districts Headed by a district collector. Each district has atleast one city or market town where the collector office is headquartered
8 Revenue sub division Each district may have one or more sub divisions that are a collection of subdistricts for administrative purposes. It is headed by a sub divisional magistrate (SDM)
9 #####MDDS Sub_DT Sub district / Taluk / Tehsil Headed by a Tehsildhar. Each subdistrict has atleast one town or a market village where the Tehsil office is headquartered
10 Revenue village Cluster of a village and neighboring hamlets. These boundaries are drawn up during revenue land surveys and remain fairly static irrespective of changing governments and urbanisation. These boundaries have also been fully digitized and are usually available from NIC GIS servers, although their accuracy is questionable.
11 Survey Field Cadastre survey field Village land survey field with number. Recorded in Field measurement books kept in Revenue Village Offices.
12 Survey Subdivision Cadastre survey subdivision Sub divisions of Survey field. Recorded in Field measurement books kept in Revenue Village Offices.
13 Plots addr:hosenumber=House# Plot#+landuse= Individual plot of land

Sources:

Local Self Government

These are boundaries related to the local governance and change more often than administrative boundaries.

Rural - Panchayats

Constitution of India PART IX - Article 243B. Constitution of Panchayats.- (1) There shall be constituted in every State, Panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels in accordance with the provisions of this Part. (2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), Panchayats at the intermediate level may not be constituted in a State having a population not exceeding twenty lakhs.  

243A. Gram Sabha.- A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. 

+admin_level= +ref= Feature Description
15.1 Article 243B - Constitution of India District (Zilla) Panchayat District (Zilla) Panchayat Headed by the President and Secretary.
15.1.1 Division Division Electoral Divisions of District panchayats, represented by district panchayat member.
15.2 Article 243B - Constitution of India Development Blocks / Block Panchayats / Mandal Panchayats Development Block or Block / Mandal Panchayats are the intermediate level of Panchayat raj system. headed by its President and Block Development Officer/Secretary.
15.2.1 Division Division Electoral Divisions of Block / Mandal panchayats, represented by block panchayat member.
15.3 political_division=3+place= Village / Gram Panchayat (Rural Local Authority / Civic body) Gram (Village) Panchayat Represented by it's President / Sarpanch and Secretary. In some states jurisdiction of Gram Sabha is same that of the Village Panchayats.
15.3.1 Ward Ward / Gram Sabha Electoral Divisions of Gram / Village panchayats, represented by Gram / Village panchayat member. In Kerala Gram Sabhas are held in Wards.
15.3.2 political_division=4+place=neighbourhood Mouza, Neighbourhood, Colony, Mohalla or Residents Association Area Usually used for elections to create voter lists and possible future administrative unit for AAP's mohalla sabhas[1]

Urban - Municipalities

Constitution of India PART IXA - 243Q. Constitution of Municipalities.-(1) There shall be constituted in every State,- (a) a Nagar Panchayat (by whatever name callled) for a transitional area, that is to say, an area in transition from a rural area to an urban area; (b) a Municipal Council for a smaller urban area; and (c) a Municipal Corporation for a larger urban area, in accordance with the provisions of this Part: Provided that a Municipality under this clause may not be constituted in such urban area or part thereof as the Governor may, having regard to the size of the area and the municipal services being provided or proposed to be provided by an industrial establishment in that area and such other factors as he may deem fit, by public notification, specify to be an industrial township. (2) In this article, "a transitional area", "a smaller urban area" or "a larger urban area" means such area as the Governor may, having regard to the population of the area, the density of the population therein, the revenue generated for local administration, the percentage of employment in non-agricultural activities, the economic importance or such other factors as he may deem fit, specify by public notification for the purposes of this Part.

+admin_level= +ref= Feature Description
16.1 Article 243Q - Constitution of India Nagar Panchayat / Municipality / Municipal Corporation (Urban Local Authority / Civic body) Nagar Panchayat / Municipality / Municipal Corporation are represented by Chairman / Mayor and Secretary.
16.2 Zone Zone Internal Administrative Zones of Municipal Corporations. Administered through Zonal Offices.
16.3 Ward Ward Electoral Divisions of Municipality / Municipal Corporation / Nagar Panchayat, represented by Corporation / Municipal Councillor.
16.4 political_division=4+place=neighbourhood Mouza, Neighbourhood, Colony, Mohalla or Residents Association Area Usually used for elections to create voter lists and possible future administrative unit for AAP's mohalla sabhas[2]

Military area - Cantonments

Cantonment area is governed by Cantonment board which is a civic administration body in India under control of Ministry of Defence. The Board comprise elected members besides ex-officio and nominated members as per the Cantonments Act, 2006.

+admin_level= +ref= Feature Description
17 Cantonments Act, 2006 Cantonment area (Military area Civic Administration Body) Cantonment area (Military area Civic Administration Body) represented by its Chief Executive Officer.

Sources:

Political divisions

These are boundaries related to the elections and change more often than administrative boundaries.

boundary=political

+admin_level= +ref= Feature Description
14.1 political_division=1 Parliamentary consituency (Lok Sabha) Constituency of a Member of Parliament (MP) [3]
14.2 political_division=2 Assembly consituency (Vidhan Sabha) Constituency of a Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) [4]

Planned regions and economic zones

These are regions that have a masterplan for development.

boundary=planned_area

+ +ref= Feature Description
place=metropolitan_area Urban metropolitan area Metropolitan regions like NCR and other metro cities have large scale masterplans that include the cities and dependent settlements spanning multiple districts.
place=free_trade_zone Special Economic Zones SEZs are special regions with attractive tax laws to encourage foreign investment

Sources:

Protected natural areas

These are areas that are protected from human activities for the purpose of environment conservation. This also covers all the IUCN protected areas in the country.

boundary=protected_area

+protect_class= +ref= Feature Description
1 National Park core area
2 NP National Park including buffer area [5]
3 WS Wildlife sanctuaries [6]
6 RF Reserve forests [7]
7 ESA Ecologically Sensitive Areas [11]
8 CRZ Coastal Regulation Zone [12]
12 Community reserve [8]
13 Panchayat forest [9]
98 Biosphere reserves [10]

Sources:

Protected cultural areas

These are areas that are protected from human activities for the purpose of historical or cultural preservation. UNESCO and ASI protected areas and culutural monuments fall under this category.

boundary=protected_area

+protect_class= +ref= Feature Description
UNESCO World Heritage Site
4+historic=archaeological_site Archaeological site ASI
4+historic= Centrally protected monument ASI
State protected monument State Archaeological Department
State monument

Sources:

Police boundaries

These are administrative boundaries dealing with the police force.

boundary=police

+ref= Feature Description
Police District Jurisdiction of the Superintendent of Police
Police Circle Jurisdiction of the Inspector of Police
Police Station Jurisdiction of the Sub Inspector of Police
Police Beat Area of beat police officer

Sources:

Court boundaries

These are the boundaries related to the jurisdiction of various courts.

boundary=judicial

+ref= Feature Description
High Court Jurisdiction of the high court
District Court Jurisdiction of the district court
Sessions Court Jurisdiction of the sessions court
Munsiff Court Jurisdiction of the munsiff court

Sources:

Postal boundaries

India Post administrative boundaries.

boundary=postal_code

+admin_level= +postal_code= Feature Description
1 pincode(1) Postal zone Headquartered at the GPO
2 pincode(1-3) Sorting district Headquartered at the Head Post Office
5 pincode(1-6) Delivery area Headquartered at the Post Office