JA:史跡

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利用できる言語 — Historic
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Logo. 地物 : 史跡
One example for 地物 : 史跡
説明
様々な歴史的な地物を記述するために使用します。
タグ

historic=*

historic=* キーは歴史的な関心事となる地物を識別するために使用されます。既に存在しない地物については、ライフサイクルの考え方の比較date namespace を参照してください。

膨大な数の地物が何らかの歴史的な関心事を持っていると考えられますが、このタグは無差別に用いるべきではありません。協力者は地物や出来事がこのタグを用いる正当性を示せるだけの十分な重要性があるかどうか、責任を持って判断する必要があります。地物を歴史的なものであると選択するにあたって、協力者は以下のような要素を考慮してください。

  • 主題が一般的に歴史的な重要性があると考えられる度合い。例えば、権威のある史跡の一覧に含まれていること、または、特別に保護された状態は必須ではありませんが、地物が十分に重要であることを補足する証拠であると考えることができます。史跡の登録者の一覧が [1] にあります(なお、これらの登録者の多くは、史跡のほかに自然遺産も扱っています)。 heritage=* も参照してください。
  • 地物の大きさと、特に景観に影響する度合い。巨大な地物、たとえば城などに "historic" タグを用いることはよくあることです。 "historic" タグは景観に影響をもつ人間の活動、例えば大規模な鉱山や、遺棄された交通インフラなどを説明するためにも使われます。
  • 地図の利用者に潜在的な関心事のある行き先として目立たせることの便益。多くの史跡は重要な観光名所になっています。
  • 主題が OSM コミュニティに関心を与える度合い。例えば、歴史的な交通インフラ、例えばローマ時代の道路や廃線跡などは、よくこの方法で認識されます。

The "historic” tag is always used to identify subjects that relate to human history. Geological features, and palaeontological sites (places containing the remains of ancient life-forms) are described using the "geological" tag. The "historic" tag is not intended for features that are considered an important part of the natural heritage. It should only be used with aspects of the cultural heritage that are also of historic importance. Where appropriate it can be used alongside other tags, such as "heritage", or "landuse".

マッピング方法

詳細はJA:Key:historicを参照 The value in the historic tag is used to characterise the type of feature. The range of possible types is open, but wherever possible, contributors will wish to use values that will be widely recognised and are in common use. Wherever possible, it is preferable to use one of the core values that are listed, defined and illustrated in the table below.

In practice the most useful values have been found to be:

  • Commemorative structures: memorial, monument, statue
  • Domestic structures: house, manor
  • Industrial structures: mine, mine_shaft, quarry, mine_adit
  • Maritime features: wreck, ship
  • Military structures: castle, citywalls, fort, battlefield, castle_walls, earthworks, moat
  • Religious features: wayside_cross, church, wayside_shrine
  • Pre-history: tumulus, stone_circle, menhir, standing_stone
  • Transport: roman_road, railway_station, bridge, milestone
  • Other: wall, boundary_stone, well, boundary_marker, folly

If none of the existing core values fits the subject of the historic tag, then contributors are advised to use a value that is already in widespread use. Several hundred values of the "historic" tag are already established in the database.

Even lists as long as these may not meet all needs. Should it become necessary to introduce another value, then the preferred format for user-defined values is to follow existing practice: using international English language, the lower case alphabetic character set, with words separated by the underscore character.

Where the type of feature is not known, or irrelevant, or where the contributor prefers to define the type of structure in additional tags, then it is possible to use a generic value for the "historic" tag. See, for example:

避けるべきこと

  • Avoid using the value of the "historic" tag to record either the operator of the facility (use the "operator" tag - Key:operator - for this), or the name of the facility (use the "name" tag - Key:name - to record this).
  • In normal language, the term "historic monument" is sometimes used generally to refer to any historic landmark, and sometimes more precisely to refer to structures that are built specifically to remember and show respect to a person or to a group of people. As a value on the "historic" tag it has the latter meaning. The combination historic=monument should only be used with large commemorative structures. The use of "monument" should be avoided for other types of structure, such as a church or castle, and for smaller commemorative features the tag historic=memorial is preferred.
  • A number of historic features are no longer used for the purpose for which they are historically important. In this case the value applied to the "historic" tag records the original use, and should be used alongside other tags which record the current use. For example: “name=Durham Castle”, “building=university”, “historic=castle”.
  • If a place has had a name change, but some people refer to the place's former name. Use the key:old_name tag to note that former name.
  • The form historic=yes has been used in the past, and implies that the type of structure is defined elsewhere. This approach is best avoided, because of the difficulties involved in reliably deriving the type of structure from other tags.
  • The combination historic=museum implies that the museum building itself is the feature which is of historic interest. In some cases this combination has also been used to identify the location of collections of historic objects, but this approach is ambiguous. Use tourism=museum (Key:tourism) to identify important collections of historic objects. Add historic=museum only where the building itself is of historic importance.
  • The "historic" tag indicates historic significance. It has no implications for the current condition or use of the structure. Additional tags are used to identify structures that are abandoned, disused, or ruined.

提案

関連項目