JA:閲覧

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利用できる言語 — Browsing
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その他の言語このウィキの翻訳を支援してください
ヘルプ OpenStreetMap について 閲覧 協力方法 地図データに協力する エディタ 用語集

以下はwww.openstreetmap.orgにおけるOpenStreetMapの閲覧に関する基本です

Browsing.png

地図の閲覧

OpenStreetMap を閲覧するには、 openstreetmap.org ホームページを開いてください。このビューアーでは、私たちの世界地図を名前で場所を探したり(詳しくは次の節)、ズームインしたり、スクロールさせたりすることができます。

  • ズームインするためには左上角にあるプラス(1)アイコンをクリックするか、キーボードのプラス(+)キーを押すかします。これで現時点で表示されている地図の中央に向かってズームします。
    • Shift キーを押しながらクリックすると3レベルでズームします。
    • マウスのスクロールホイールを使ったり、地図上をダブルクリックしたりしてもズームインすることができます。現在のマウスポインタの位置を中心にズームします。
    • Shift キーを押しながらマウスで区域上のズームインしたい範囲をドラッグすることでもズームインできます
  • マルチタッチデバイスを使用している場合、ズームとピンチズームとピンチを使用してマップをズームインまたはズームアウトすることができます。
  • ズームアウトするためには、右上角にあるマイナス(2)アイコンをクリックするか、マイナス(-)キーを押すか、マウスのスクロールホイールを使うかします。マウスホイールやShift+クリックも使えます。
  • To pan and scroll around simply drag the map with your mouse or use the arrow keys.
  • To centre the map where you are (on the geolocation supplied by your browser) click the arrow icon (3).

You will see a general coastal layout of countries at high zoom levels, but as you zoom in, you can find roads and all sorts of other details which we have in our data.

場所を探す

地図の横に表示される検索ボックス (10)へ、町/都市/道の名前、店名、または「ベーカリーツアーエッフェル」、「ファーストフードピレウス」などの組み合わせの検索結果を入力します。 – 詳細はNominatimを参照してください。 いくつかの場所は、このwikiのMapping projectsでも説明されています。

Change layers on the homepage by clicking the layers icon (4)

レイヤー

You can switch between different "layers" offering different views of the same mapping data. Do this by clicking the layers icon (4)

The layer called "Standard" is the default. "Cycle Map", "Transport Map" and "Humanitarian" are alternatives. The styles look quite different. Which is better, is often a matter of personal preference. These views are rendered in different ways (being turned from raw data into a map image), although all of these use Mapnik software. Because the layers are running on different server infrastructure with different set-ups, one layer may be more out-of-date compared to another (recently mapped roads not showing up).

キー

For the “Standard” and “Cycle Map” layers there is a basic key available showing how different types of primitives (mainly roads) on the map are rendered. Click the “i” icon (5) to bring it up. For a more complete key of Standard, see JA:標準タイルレイヤー/キー. For a more complete key of Cycle Map, see [1].

For the "Standard" layer there is a basic key available showing how different types of primitives (mainly roads) on the map are rendered. Click the "i" icon (5) to bring it up. For a more complete list of how OSM renders different features in the Standard layer see JA:標準タイルレイヤー.

その他のデザイン

Newcomers should also note that it is in the nature of OpenStreetMap that there are many many other designs of maps available elsewhere if the small selection on www.openstreetmap.org don't appeal. They are all based on the same OSM data. A good point to start discovering may be List of OSM-based services.

ノート

See Notes

In the 'layers' sidebar (4), you can also tick 'notes' to view any notes which people may have placed on the map here. If there are any, you will see markers appear. Click the markers to read the notes.

To add a new note to the map, use the notes button (7)

Map Data layer

In the 'layers' sidebar (4), you can also tick 'data' to activate the data browser. This gives you a view of the underlying data, allowing you to select the elements and view their tag data, and editing history. Similar features are also available within the editors (See Editing). This view is read-only. It is a JavaScript interface which requires a powerful up-to-date web browser, but does not require flash support.

There is also an easier data interface: use the query features tool by clicking the ? (11). Then click a spot in the map to see which data elements are at this spot.

Sharing a link to the maps

If you do not know OpenStreetMap already, open this link in a new tab and have a look at the beginning of this page.

You can show something on the OSM map to somebody (share it) by …

  • using the Share Panel (6) (see Adding a Marker below) or by
  • copying the URL from your browser's address bar (8) and pasting it, for example, in an e-mail to send. By using (clicking) that URL, the recipient will see the same map as you see (with any optional highlighting you made to show a feature).

Optional highlights are shown …

  • if you search (10) for something and click on a result,
  • if you click on ? (11), hover it and click over some spot and click on one of the nearby results,
  • if you add a marker (see section Adding a Marker below).

Technically, the URL is dynamically modified as you pan around and is constructed like described in the section Other URL tricks below.

印を付ける

Finer steps to generate a link with a marker

Another option on the 'share' panel is to share a map URL which will cause it to show a marker.

  • Zoom/pan to the approximate area you require.
  • Open the 'share' panel (6 in top image)/(1 in right image here)
  • Tick the "Include marker" box to add a marker. (2)
  • Pan the map or drag the marker, to position it precisely (3)
  • Zoom out (e.g. by clicking the minus button) if you wish to share a map of the wider area
  • Select 'Link' or 'Short Link' in the right-hand side box (4)
  • Click into the URL box directly below the buttons, the URL will get selected automatically (5), copy the URL (e.g. by right click and "copy") (6)
  • Paste your URL into a new browser window to test it
  • Paste your URL elsewhere to share it.

See also Question: How do I add a marker to a map? which lists some other options.

短縮リンク

OpenStreetMap supports highly compact short URLs which can be generated from the 'share' panel (6). Short links are great for emailing, tweeting, and otherwise sharing map links in situations where a long URL can cause problems. They redirect to the longer type of the URL described above. Note that these short links are case sensitive and contain I, l and 1. In some fonts these characters can be difficult to distinguish. For more about how the feature works see Shortlink.

Other URL tricks

Note that some URL parameters may not be supported long term. We offer no guarantees.

The URL is constructed like this:

http[s]://www.openstreetmap.org
[/node|way|relation/<number>[/history[#<version>]]]
/?
[&mlat=<latitude>&mlon=<longitude>]
[#map=<zoom level>/<latitude>/<longitude>]
[&bbox=<min longitude>,<min latitude>,<max longitude>,<max latitude>]
[&layers=<layer code>]
  • The parameters mlat and mlon are used to indicate the position of the red marker. Please note that your marker may be outside the shown map part.
  • The layer URL parameter takes a special Layer Code representing your layer selection. The parameter is optional and if you leave it out, we will default to showing our "standard" map style. See Layer URL parameter for more information.

bbox URL

上で述べたURL形式は、特定の緯度と経度を中心とする地図を提供します。長方形の境界で囲った範囲の地図を表示させることもできます。box=yesを加えると、箱も表示します。:

http://www.openstreetmap.org/?minlon=[Min Longitude]&minlat=[Min Latitude]&maxlon=[Max Longitude]&maxlat=[Max Laitude]&layers=[Layer code]
http://www.openstreetmap.org/?bbox=[Min Longitude]%2C[Min Latitude]%2C[Max Longitude]%2C[Max Latitude]&layers=[Layer code] (note %2C is an encoded comma, per RFC 2396)

例: http://www.openstreetmap.org/?minlon=22.3418234&minlat=57.5129102&maxlon=22.5739625&maxlat=57.6287332

また、箱とマーカーを組み合わせることもできます。例: http://www.openstreetmap.org/?minlon=22.3418234&minlat=57.5129102&maxlon=22.5739625&maxlat=57.6287332&mlat=57.5529102&mlon=22.5148625

node/way/relation URLs

It is also possible to directly ask openstreetmap.org to show a particular node, way or relation. Examples:

Browsing node/way/relation

It is also possible to directly ask openstreetmap.org to browse details of a particular node, way or relation. Examples:

To get the full history add /history:

If you need a special version add /history#<version-number>

The "api/0.6" variants return the raw data (suitable for osm editors and software) instead of an html page (suitable for web browsers). This might suite your needs better, and usually works much faster than the html version.

次は何?

Once you've looked around our maps it's time to zoom in on your neighbourhood and try out that edit button (9). See Editing for more instructions, and also check out http://learnosm.org a nice documentation site for beginning editing.

What else is next? Well there are various other ways of Getting Involved, or may be more interested in Using OpenStreetMap.

ブラウサーの問題と他の地図閲覧方法

If you need an alternative interface for basic map browsing...

  • Mobilemap is optimized for browsers without Javascript support. The display is optimized for small screen sizes and aims at mobile devices.
  • You may also search for List of OSM based Services.

Technical Details

Technical details about this map 'browsing' interface, are found on the "JA:スリッピーマップ" page