JA:Tag:highway=stop

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利用できる言語 — Tag:highway=stop
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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = stop
STOP sign.jpg
説明
停止標識を示すために使います
グループ: 道路
適用できる要素
ノードに使用可能ウェイに使用不可能領域に使用不可能リレーションに使用不可能
よく併用されるタグ
関連項目
状態: 事実上の標準

highway=stop タグは車両が停止する必要がある地点をマッピングするために使います。これは一時停止標識、停止線、およびその他の法律によって物理的に停止することが(暗黙に)定められた地点を含みます。

よくある場面が2つあります。 (1) 方向によっては一時停止しなくてよい場合(非優先道路の一時停止)と、 (2) 全方向が一時停止する必要がある場合(全方向一時停止)です。十字路では 4-way stops と呼ばれています。

マッピング方法

一時停止標識のマッピングにおいては、様々な観点や提案があり、今のところ様々な方法のものが混在しています。全方向一時停止と非優先道路の一時停止、優先道路のある交差点、自動車専用道路の合流、制御のない交差道路などを区別するためには、スマートフォンの安全アプリに対応する上で、もっと一貫性のある方法を試すべきです。

非優先道路の一時停止のタグ付け

停止しなければならない進入道路上の停止位置に、 highway=stop ノードを挿入してください。物理的な標識があるかないかに関わらず、運転者は道を譲る必要があるかもしれませんが、その標識入れたいのであれば、同様に traffic_sign=* タグを使用することができます。全方向一時停止が原則の国では、全方向一時停止と区別するために stop=minor も追加することができます。

非優先道路の一時停止の場合は、 highway=stop のノードを交差地点には置かず、停止線上に置きます。一時停止しない側の進入道路には、交差地点の手前に highway=stop のノードがないようにします。すべての進入道路が一時停止するわけではないので、交差地点(交差点のノード)に highway=stop でタグ付けしないでください。

Since the stop line on the approach applies to only one travel direction, that direction can usually be deduced by finding the shorter distance to the priority intersection. However, a few stop signs are on 2-way streets between closely-spaced junctions, making it necessary to identify the travel direction that stops. Where needed, this can be done using direction=forward or direction=backward, relating stop direction to OSM forward/backward of the way that contains the highway=stop node.

Presently, reversing the forward direction of a segment in iD, Potlach or JOSM will break the direction tag. Be aware when editing to correct all relations as such, including the direction=* tag to amend these problems you may create.

Tag the priority junction node

At major road priority junctions (which require minor roads to stop or give way), tag the intersection node(s) where traffic conflicts can occur with highway=priority, to identify the actual conflict point that is controlled by a priority rule. This will help a safety app or automated vehicle know that emerging side-road vehicles may create a hazard at that main-road junction node. Tagging the junction with highway=priority can also help eliminate directional ambiguity on the map (by identifying the actual priority intersection controlled by nearby stop or give way signs).

Tag priority road on the ways

Main road ways that do not stop can be further emphasized using priority_road=*; either (priority_road=designated or priority_road=yes_unposted). The designated value is used in countries that sign some priority roads (main roads) with a yellow diamond with a black border on a white surround.

All-way stop

All-way stops should ALWAYS be shown using highway=stop at the intersection node. If you also want to add the individual stopping points, say for use by a safety app (so that the exact stopping points have been recorded) do NOT remove the intersection node highway=stop, which confirms that this junction is an all-way stop.

If you want to further confirm that this is an all-way stop, you can add stop=all to the intersection's highway=stop node. However, tagging minor road stop junctions achieves the same distinction, and also warns drivers crossing the conflict point to look out for emerging side road traffic.

If you want to show that the stop line highway=stop nodes are marked with traffic signs, use the traffic_sign=* tag to indicate a physical sign, painted line or an implied stop such as a driveway.

Earlier mapping proposals

On the ways

Some mappers have tagged ways with one of

  • stop=yes, stop=both to indicate that there are stop signs at both ends of that way, or at only one end if it's a oneway road. Care needed to be taken to change the tags, when splitting or reversing such ways.

Relation

Why map?

In the USA, nearly 700,000 police-reported motor vehicle crashes occur annually at stop signs, and about one-third of these crashes involve injuries. If we successfully mapped all stopping points, nav systems or safety apps could warn drivers to stop.

The UK scrapped its "halt" signs in the 1960s, replacing them with "Give Way" (US: "Yield", highway=give_way) signs. Stop signs now require special authorization, and are only used at very few, especially hazardous junctions. Adoption of "Give Way" caused no increase in accidents. Since then, in fact, UK accident rates have fallen well below their US counterparts.

In the all-way stop countries, crashes occur at minor road stops because drivers pull out in front of moving traffic, wrongly believing it will stop. Therefore, we need to distinguish all-way stops from minor road stops so safety apps can tell drivers that the other road does not stop.

Give way to the right countries in mainland Europe such as France and Belgium also had problems with side-road drivers emerging into fast traffic. Eventually, every minor road was marked as Stop or Give Way, and a new yellow diamond sign priority_road=designated was introduced to label priority roads that don't stop. So, of course, nav systems and safety apps must distinguish priority roads from the minor roads that stop or give way.

Potential goals in mapping stops for smartphone safety apps include alerting drivers on the main road when an approaching side-road driver fails to slow; warning minor road drivers who do not slow as they approach a stop or give way line; or simply making a subtle (Pavlovian) sound as each yield point is approached. Some defensive drivers might welcome such GPS app support. Fully automated vehicles might also benefit from an unambiguous representation of each junction's priority rules.