For describing the legal accessibility of a element.
Access values are used to describe the legal access for highway=*s and other facilities including building entrances. The values can be used with the access tag or with tags associated with particular forms of transport. For example access=delivery on a service road tagged with highway=service would imply that all transport modes can use the entrance for delivery only. A building entrance available for pedestrian customers only would be tagged entrance=yes and foot=customer. In addition to transport mode restriction, there may be restrictions relating to height, weight, restrictions may vary by time and day and restrictions may be directional.
|agricultural||Only for agricultural traffic|
|customers||Only for customers of the element. |
Recent addition with disputed applicability. Discuss / some mappers are using customer or destination instead, proposal describes tag customer
|delivery||Only when delivering to the element.|
|designated||A preferred or designated (not compulsory) route for a specific vehicle type or types. Often marked by a traffic sign|
|destination||Only when traveling to this element, e.g. customer parking lots.|
|forestry||Only for forestry traffic|
|no||No access for the general public. Consider using another tag (transportation class) indicating who can use the element|
|official||The way is dedicated to a specific mode of travel by law. Usually marked by traffic signs and exclusive. In Germany use is also compulsory. clarification needed|
|permissive||Open to general traffic until such time as the owner revokes the permission which they are legally allowed to do at any time in the future.|
|private||Only with permission of the owner on an individual basis|
|yes||The public has an official, legally-enshrined right of access, i.e. it's a right of way|
Access time and other conditional restrictions
Restrictions may be limited to a particular time or day. Or they may limit the access for vehicles over a certain weight. Such conditions can be tagged as shown in these tagging examples:
- Ex 1. Only destination access is permitted during 8am and 5pm on Mondays to Fridays:
access:conditional=destination @ (Mo-Fr 08:00-17:00)
- Ex 2. Motor vehicles heavier than 5 tonnes may only access this street for the purpose of delivering goods:
motor_vehicle:conditional=delivery @ (weight>5)
Please note that the above tagging style can be used to replace the following time dependent restrictions. It has been suggested that they be deprecated and should therefore no longer be used. date_on=*, date_off=*, day_on=*, day_off=*, hour_on=*, hour_off=*
- For a full description and more examples, please see the conditional restrictions page.
Size and statutory restrictions
A number of statutary restrictions based on height, width, weight etc can also be defined. A assumed units are the appropriate SI unit and should be specified without any suffix. For lengths use metres, for weights use metric tonnes and for times use hours. Decimal numbers should include a decimal point. Exceptions include speeds which should be in mph in places where speed limits are defined in these units and times which can include a suffix of 'days' if appropriate.
- maxheight=* height restriction
- maxheight:physical=* physical height restriction
- maxwidth=* (Also note width=* for the physical width of the entire road.)
- maxspeed=* (km/h by default, mph if specified)
- maxstay=* (maximum parking time)
Ways may have different access restrictions for each direction. The most simple case is a way designated as a oneway road:
- oneway=yes driving is only allowed in the direction of the way
- oneway=-1 driving is only allowed against the direction of the way
- oneway=no default, access is allowed in both directions (this key/value combination does not normally need to be added to ways, unless another tag such as highway=motorway_link implies oneway=yes)
For more complex direction dependent restrictions, the postfixes
:forward can be used on the keys, for example:
- bicycle:backward=no (when a road has a oneway cycleway next to it that must be used, and a cyclelane in the other direction)
- bicycle:backward=yes (when cyclists are allowed to travel in both directions on a oneway street (but no lane is present))
Also in use when cyclists are allowed to travel in the opposite direction
- cycleway=opposite_lane (only if a separate lane exists)
- cycleway=opposite_track (only if a separate track exists)
- oneway:bicycle=no (consistent with tags based on conditions)
- bicycle:oneway=no (the above tag is preferred)
The oneway tag can be translated (for routing purposes) to this generic system as follows (oneway restrictions presumably do not apply to pedestrians):
Lane dependent restrictions
Access restrictions may differ between lanes. For details about lane-dependent tags see Lanes.
- hgv:lanes=no|yes|yes (Heavy good vehicles are not allowed on the leftmost lane of a road with three lanes)
- bus:lanes:forward=no|yes|designated (Buses are not allowed on the leftmost lane of a road with three lanes in forward direction. The rightmost lane is a designated bus lane)
Transport mode restrictions
Use the access=* key to describe a general access restriction that applies to all transport modes.
Where different restrictions apply to different modes of transport then mode specific tags can be used. These modal tags each have a place in a hierarchy in which keys become narrower in scope as they branch out from the root.
- access=yes,foot=no means that all transport modes except pedestrians can use the element
- access=forestry,foot=permissive implies that forestry vehicles can use the route legally and that pedestrians can use it by currently but that permission may later be withdrawn.
- See examples section for more examples.
This hierarchy is different in each country. So it's possible that your country has vehicle classes which aren't in this list, doesn't have some which are, and some vehicle classes may even have a different definition from the one listed below:
- access=* (category: any land-based transportation mode)
- Moving without a vehicle
- horse=* (horse riders)
- vehicle=* (category: any vehicle)
- Non-motorized vehicle
- motor_vehicle=* (category: any motorized vehicle)
- Double-tracked (category: motor vehicles with more than 2 wheels/more than 1 track)
- motorcar=* automobiles/cars
- psv=* (public service vehicle)
- tourist_bus=* describes a bus that is not acting as a public transport bus service
- goods=* (light commercial vehicles; e.g., goods vehicles with a maximum allowed mass of up to 3.5 tonnes)
- hgv=* (heavy goods vehicle; e.g., goods vehicles with a maximum allowed mass over 3.5 tonnes)
- agricultural=* (agricultural motor vehicles (e.g., tractors) that have additional restrictions (e.g., a 25 km/h speed limit))
- ATV=* a.k.a. Quad (bike) (Restricted to or permissive for vehicles 50 in (1.27 m) or less in width) still in proposal stage. You may want to use maxwidth=1.27 instead.
- By use
- hov=* (high-occupancy vehicle/carpool, at least one passenger (varies by location))
- emergency=* (category: emergency motor vehicles; e.g., ambulance, fire truck, police car)
- hazmat=* (motor vehicles carrying hazardous materials)
- disabled=*(holders of blue badge (UK) or other such disabled persons' permit. Used on traffic signs to exempt said group from access restrictions; not just regarding parking)
Not in the list: hybrid cars, electric cars, 4wd_only, (should that be "hgv_caravan" or "road_train"?).
- access=* (category: any water-based transportation mode)
- boat=* (covers small boats and pleasure crafts, including yachts)
- fishing_vessel=* (covers fishing vessels of any size)
- ship=* (covers commercial vessels of any size and any trade)
- passenger=* (ships carrying passengers, either in route (ferries, etc.) or as cruise)
- cargo=* (any type of cargo ship)
- bulk=* (covers all dry bulk cargo)
- tanker=* (covers all wet bulk cargo, including compressed gas)
- tanker:gas=* (compressed or liquefied gas)
- tanker:oil=* (crude oil and oil products
- tanker:chemical=* (all other products in tanks)
- tanker:singlehull=* (special coverage for single hull as most of Europe and US have more restrictive rules for single hull tankers than for double hull. The general tag is for double hull if this tag is in use.)
- container=* (collective tag for general cargo)
- imdg=* (dangerous cargo covered by the IMDG code (International Marine Dangerous Goods))
- isps=* (International Ship and Port Facility Security Regulation.)
As suggested, see discussion.
- access=* (category: any rail-based transportation mode)
- train=* (trains)
- bicycle=yes The public has a right of way when traveling on a bicycle.
- horse=designated The route is designated for use by equestrians.
- motorcycle=unknown It is unclear whether motorcycles can use this section.
- motorcar=private The owner must give access to cars on an individual basis. Access by car is private, eg on a private road.
- goods=no General goods vehicle traffic is not allowed.
- hgv=no Heavy goods vehicle traffic is not allowed.
- boat=no Waterway is not available for boat traffic.
- oneway=yes + psv=opposite_lane The street is one way for cars but there is one opposite lane for buses and taxis.
- maxweight=7 The weight limit is 7 tonnes
- maxaxleload=3.5 The restricted weight limit per axle in tonnes, eg 3.5 t
- maxheight=2.5 The maxmimum vehicle height is 2.5 meters
- maxdraught=1 The maximum boat draught is 1 meter
- maxspeed=110 The maximum speed limit is 110 km/h
- maxspeed=55 mph The maximum speed limit is 55 mph
- maxstay=14 days The maximum stay permitted; units in the tag as either hour/hours or day/days.
A one-way street with a cycle lane in the opposite direction: