Key:castle_type:de

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Public-images-osm logo.svg castle_type:de
Osm element key.svg
Description
A classification of the castle in German lanuage.
Group: Historic
Used on these elements
use on nodes unspecifieduse on ways unspecifieduse on areas unspecifieduse on relations unspecified
Status: Unspecified

castle_type + castle_type:de

The castle_type=type tag can be used to give a classification of the historic=castle. The alternative values are under discussion. There is no Proposal page yet and they have not been voted or agreed upon. The main point of the discussion is whether to break with OSM custom and use precise German/local language tags or to use more general English tags.

To separate clearly local language tags, they can be marked with the local language symbol, e.g. castle_type=defensive + castle_type:de=burg

Note also that a lot of discussion is taking place in German: DE_talk:Tag:historic=castle#castle_type_neben_castle_type:de
See also the historic=castle page for more information: Tag:historic=castle#Local_language_tags


Local language tags

Type Century Description / Beschreibung proposed Icons (ruin) Picture
castle_type=defensive

castle_type:de=burg
castle_type:cs=hrad
castle_type:fr=chateau_fort
castle_type:pl=zamek
castle_type:hu=var
(+ ruins=no)

11.-16. A castle made of stone, an enclosed building to dwell and defense of the high and late medieval time.

Der Begriff Burg bezeichnet einen (teilweise auch noch bewohnbaren) Wehrbau vorrangig aus dem Mittelalter.

Burg.svg miniatur
castle_type=defensive

castle_type:de=burgruine
castle_type:cs=hrad
(+ ruins=yes)

11.-16. A castle made of stone, an enclosed building to dwell and defense of the high and late medieval time.

Der Begriff Burg bezeichnet einen Wehrbau vorrangig aus dem Mittelalter.

Burg ruin.svg miniatur
castle_type=stately

castle_type:de=schloss
castle_type:cs=zámek
castle_type:fr=chateau
castle_type:pl=zamek
castle_type:hu=kastely

14.-20. A mostly well designed rarely or not fortified Château located in the countryside.

Ein Schloss ist ein zumeist künstlerisch gestalteter Wohnsitz des Adels, typischerweise freistehend.

Schloss.svg (Schloss ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=stately

castle_type:de=burg;schloss

14.-20. A chateau_fort modificated to a chateau has only the attributes describing the current state.

Eine Burg umgebaut zu einem Schloss hat beide Attribute.

Schloss burg.svg (Schloss burg ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=defensive

+ moated=yes
castle_type:de=wasserburg
castle_type:cs=vodní hrad

14.-20. A moated castle is surrounded by a deep wide ditch or natural water.

Eine Wasserburg oder Wasserschloss ist umgeben von Wasser.

Burg.svg (Burg ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=stately

+ moated=yes
castle_type:de=wasserschloss castle_type:cs=vodní zámek

14.-20. A moated castle is surrounded by a deep wide ditch or natural water.

Eine Wasserburg oder Wasserschloss ist umgeben von Wasser.

Schloss.svg (Schloss ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=palace

castle_type:de=palast
castle_type:cs=palác
castle_type:fr=palais
castle_type:it=palazzo

14.-20. A mostly well designed not fortified Palace located in urban area.

Ein Palast ist ein zumeist künstlerisch gestalteter Wohnsitz des Adels, typischerweise im Stadtgebiet.

miniatur
castle_type=manor

castle_type:de=herrenhaus
castle_type:cs=tvrz - defensive or castle_type:cs=zámek - stately
castle_type:fr=manoir
castle_type:pl=dwor

A Manor house is a country house which belonged to gentry families.

Ein Herrenhaus ist ein Wohnsitz von Gutsherren, zumeist kleiner als ein Schloss.

miniatur
castle_type=fortress

castle_type:de=festung
castle_type:fr=fortification
castle_type:cs=pevnost
castle_type:pl=fort
castle_type:hu=erődrendszer
(+ ruins=yes/no)

15.-20. A fortification is a strongly fortified military building

Eine Festung ist eine militärische Wehranlage aus der Neuzeit.

Festung.svg (Festung ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=citadel

castle_type:de=zitadelle
castle_type:fr=citadelle
castle_type:cs=citadela
castle_type:it=cittadella
(+ ruins=yes/no)

15.-20. A citadel is a fortress for protecting a town.

Eine Zitadelle ist eine Befestigung innerhalb einer Stadt.

Festung.svg (Festung ruin.svg) miniatur
castle_type=castrum

castle_type:de=kastell
(+ reconstruction=yes)

A castrum was a fortified military building by the ancient Romans, sometimes reconstructed.

Ein Kastell war ein befestigtes Römisches Militärlager fallweise auch rekonstruiert.

miniatur
castle_type=kremlin

castle_type:de=kreml

Kremlin is a special type of castle in Russia.

Kreml ist ein spezielles castle im Zarentum Russland.

miniatur
castle_type=shiro Japanese Castle

Japanische Burg

Shiro.svg miniatur


Fixme: The following sections don't relate to the castle_type:de key and should therefore be moved to other pages such as castle_type=* or historic=castle.

additional Tags

  • building:condition=* for the building condition
  • ruins=yes similar to the above
  • reconstruction=yes if it is a reconstructed castle and not original (alternatively see building:condition=reconstructed)
  • artificial=yes if it is an imitation (e.g. Artificial ruin)
  • start_date=* date or year when the first construction of the todays existing building was finnished and it started to exist.
    • Note: Sometimes a stately castle is build on the place of an older but no longer existing defensive castle. In this case the date of the now existing building should be taken.

architectural style

At the moment there is a proposal Proposed_features/Building_attributes how to tag building:architecture=* according to Architectural styles

Here some examples (also with a german description):

Type Century Description Beschreibung
building:architecture=romanesque 6.-12. Romanesque Romanik
building:architecture=gothic 12.-16. Gothic art Gotik
building:architecture=renaissance 14.-17. Renaissance Renaissance
building:architecture=baroque 16.-18. Baroque Barock
building:architecture=rococo 18. Rococo Rokoko
building:architecture=classicism 18.-19. Classicism Klassizismus
building:architecture=historicism 19. Historicism (art) (Wilhelminian style) Historismus (Gründerzeit)
building:architecture=art_nouveau

building:architecture:de=jugendstil

19.-20. Art Nouveau Jugendstil (Secession)
building:architecture=art_deco 20. Art Deco (Style Moderne) Art Déco
building:architecture=brutalism 20. Brutalist architecture Brutalismus

Usages


see also

  • smaller buildings, that shall not be mixed up with castles, can be tagged as: