Key:destination

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Public-images-osm logo.svg destination
Zeichen 430.svg
Description
The destination-key returns the name of a city a motorway or freeway, etc. is heading to.
Group: Properties
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodes
may be used on ways
should not be used on areas
use on relations unspecified
Status: Unspecified

So that GPS-like software can refer to road signs that the driver actually sees, the key destination=* describes the contents of signposts or ground writing indicating the names of the cities that the tagged way is leading to.

Keys

Key variation Valid for Description
destination Way Describes the destination of the complete OSM way. Worthwile only if used in combination with oneway=yes.
destination:forward Direction Describes the destination of all lanes of the OSM way, running in the same direction as the way itself.
destination:backward Direction Describes the destination of all lanes of the OSM way, running in the opposite direction as the way itself.
destination:lanes Lane Describes the destination of each lane of the OSM way. Typically only worthwile if used in combination with oneway=yes.
destination:lanes:forward Lane Describes the destination of each lane of the OSM way, running in the same direction as the way itself.
destination:lanes:backward Lane Describes the destination of each lane of the OSM way, running in the opposite direction as the way itself.

User defined values

Possible value are the names of the cities/places a road leads to and which are explicitly indicated. The most common source for that kind of information is the name on signpost (see Examples).

Destinations per lane

Main article: Lanes. Often the destinations of a road differ from lane to lane. To specify those for every lane, the :lanes extension is used. For details about the :lanes-extension, see Lanes.

In short:

  • The key changes to destination:lanes=*
  • View the road in the direction of the OSM way.
  • Add the lane-values to the value, starting with the leftmost lane and ending with the rightmost. Separate each lane-value with a | (vertical bar)

If you want to describe only the lanes of one direction of the road, use either destination:lanes:forward=* or destination:lanes:backward=*. The key destination:lanes:forward=* describes only the direction of the highway on the lanes in the same direction as the OSM way. The key destination:lanes:backward=* describes only the direction of the highway on the lanes in the opposite direction as the OSM way; also view the road in the opposite direction of the OSM way for this.

Examples

Signpost No. Link Ctry Tag(s) Where to tag? Occurrence Note *
Schild Nr. 430 430 DE destination=Berlin Directly at the highway=motorway_link Signpost at a motorway entry Additionally it is possible to set ref=A 2 on the highway=motorway.
Schild Nr. 448 448 DE destination=Düsseldorf-Benrath At the following highway=motorway_link Signpost at motorway junctions Additionally it is possible to set ref=26 on the highway=motorway_junction.
Schild Nr. 332 332 DE destination=Mainz;Wiesbaden At the following highway=motorway_link Signpost at motorway exits Multiple destinations are separated with a semicolon.
Schild Nr. 415 415 DE destination=Dorsten;Bottrop At the highway=motorway_link Signpost after exits of motorways or A-roads
Schild Nr. 434 434 DE destination=Hannover;Düsseldorf;Messegelände;

Recklinghausen;Dormagen

At the highway=motorway_link Signpost after exits of motorways or A-roads
Schild Nr. 432 432 DE destination=Bahnhof At the highway=trunk_link, highway=primary_link or where appropriate highway=secondary_link Signpost at exits of motorway-junctions or A-roads Germany

Only if a separate exit is present. In town use Relation:destination_sign.

S1 Knoten Eibesbrunn Wegweiser.jpg AT destination:lanes=Brno;Poysdorf;Mistelbach|Brno;

Poysdorf;Mistelbach;Graz;Wien|Graz;Wien

At the highway=motorway directly after the signpost Signpost at motorways

Source: sicherestrassen.de

* Some of the notes are only valid for specific countries and not in common.

When to use

The key destination is usually used for the following kind of highway=:

The key variations destination:forward and destination:backward are only used for the following kind of highway=:

Attention: Do not use them for mapping at highway=primary and highway=secondary (or smaller). In such cases, a destination sign relation is the recommended way for direction directives.

Important note

Automatische Merkmalskorrektur in JOSM
  • If an entry and an exit share one OSM way, because they're not build separated, tag the destinations (like in the example) with destination:forward=* and destination:backward=*. If you change the direction of the OSM way pay attention also to exchange those destinations-tags, too! JOSM shows (at least since version 3208) a warning message and suggests to exchange destination:forward=* with destination:backward=*.

Usage

destination=* is used in the following navigation apps:


Danger of confusion

Do not mistake with highway=motorway_junction:

  • It’s only used on motorway-exit-nodes.
  • In its key name=* the official name of the exit is told, but in some countries this is on every exit for this junction the same one. So this name may be identical for every exit of this junction and therefore may not give a proper indication of the destination.

Do not mistake with Relation:destination_sign:

  • This relation is designed for any sign showing in any direction (very flexible). In principle it would be possible to use the relation for every destination sign, but it brings all drawbacks for relations with it (in opposite to a simple tag like “destination”).

Do not mistake with designation=*:

  • It is the official legal classification of a road or path and has nothing to do with the information about where a way goes to. Please don’t confuse to the similar writing.

Do not mistake with direction=*.

The key destination is also used with Relation:waterway — please see there.

See also