OpenRailwayMap/Tagging in Germany

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Contents

Bü Signals (Crossings)

Bü 0/1 Crossing Signal

This signal tells the train driver if a crossing is secured (lift gates lowered, lights flashing etc.) and if he can pass the crossing at full speed. The signal West German variant shows a flashing white light if the crossing is secured. The East German variant shows a white light (not flashing) if the crossing can be passed. photographs at Simon Walter's website

Bü 2 Expect Crossing Signal

This signal announces a crossing signal to the train driver. The distance in metre between Bü 0/1 and Bü 2 is at least twice as much as the speed in kph. photographs at Simon Walter's website

Bü 3 Activation Switch Marker Sign

This signal is only used in West Germany.

There are lots of so called "fernüberwachte" (remote oberserved) level crossings in West Germany. These do not have Bü 0/1 signals. Instead, the crossing notifies a dispatcher if a part of it is not working anymore. The dispatcher will notify the train driver(s) via radio.

This signal is mounted at the locations where the activiation switch of these crossings are. (These crossings are activated automatically if a train approaches)

Please not that this signal is only used in West Germany. There is a signal called So 15 in East Germany which looks exactly the same but has the meaning of Bü 2! photographs at Simon Walter's website

Bü 4 Whiste Sign

Whistle Signs (German singular: Pfeiftafel) mark locations where the train driver has to turn on the whistle for three seconds. They are mounted near level crossings without lights and/or lift gates. You can sometimes find this sign in front of old tunnels.

This signal is a rectangular sign with a white background and a black P (P = pfeifen = whistle) on a white background. photographs at Simon Walter's website

Bü 5 Ring Sign

Ring Signs (German singular: Läutetafel) mark locations where the train driver has to ring. They are mounted near level crossings. They only occur on railway lines with light rail service and historic lines. photographs at Simon Walter's website

This signal looks very similar to Bü 4 but has a black L instead of a black P.

El Signals

El 1v Expect Turn Off Signal

German name: Ausschaltsignal erwarten

This signal is mounted at the half of default breaking distance in front of a El 1 and announces that the locomotive has to be turned off there. photographs at Simon Walter's website

El 1 Turn Off Signal

German name: Ausschaltsignal

Trains have to be turned off before passing this location. The pantograph does not have to be lowered. photographs at Simon Walter's website

This signal is mounted at neutral catenary sections.

El 2 Turn On Signal

German name: Einschaltsignal

Trains may only turned on after they have passed this signals. photographs at Simon Walter's website

This signal is mounted at neutral catenary sections.

El 3 Distant Lower Pantograph Signal

This signal announes a section where the pantograph has to be lowered. It is mounte 250 m before the train passes El 4. photographs at Simon Walter's website

El 4 Lower Pantograph Signal

Train have to lower pantograph before they pass this signal. It is mounted at sections where catenary misses, e.g. moveable bridges, below low bridges. photographs at Simon Walter's website

El 5 Pantograph Up Signal

Train may put up pantograph up after they have passed this signal. photographs at Simon Walter's website

El 6 Stop if Pantograph is up

This signal is mounted where catenary ends. Trains with lifted pantograph may not pass this signal to prevent damages at catenary and pantograph.

This signal may be mounted in front of switches in conjuction with an arrow pointing which direction does not have a catenary. photographs at Simon Walter's website

El 7 Toggle Signal

This signal is only used at Berlin S-Bahn and tells the train driver to turn off the engine (to save energy). photographs at Simon Walter's website

railway:signal:electricity:type=power_off has been used until begin of 2015 for this signal.

Hl Signals

Hl signalling system has been introduced by Deutsche Reichsbahn (railway company of GDR) after 1945 and is a signal which has combined signals (i.e. main and distant signal aspects are combined at one signal).

Hl signals can be found all over former GDR and West Berlin on railway lines/stations whose signal boxes have not been replaced by electronic signal boxes yet. (numbers of this signal are decreasing from year to year)

Hl Distant Signals

Hl distant signals have a distant signal sign (Ne 2) or a repeater sign (white sign with black circle), photographs at Simon Walter's website

Hl Combined Signals

Hl combined signals have a pole sign which consists out of two parts. The top one is white-red-white and the bottom one is a yellow triangle pointing to the ground.

They show a combined signal which consists out of a main and a distant signal aspect. The upper two lights show the distant aspect (green = expect full speed, green flashing = expect 100 kph, yellow flashing = expect 40 or 60 kph, yellow = expect stop). The lower left light is yellow. It is turned on if the speed is limited to 40 kph. The lower right light is an ersatz red light (if the center red fails).

There may be additional four or eight lights below the signal forming two rows. One row is yellow, one green. If the yellow row is on the speed is limited to 60 kph, if the green row is on, the speed is limited to 100 kph. The lower left yellow light is turned on in both cases. If the train may pass the signal with full speed, these two rows and the lower left yellow light are off. In that case, only one of the upper lights is turned on or flashing (it shows the distant signal aspect).

You cannot say which of the two rows can show the green and which one the yellow bar because it is not unique over all Hl signals.

Note, that a signal which has a yellow bar sometimes cannot show 40 kph aspect because there is not switch behind the signal which needs a 40 kph aspect.

photographs at Simon Walter's website,

Hl Main Signals

Hl main signals (i. e. such without distant signal aspects) do not have a yellow light at the left top corner and/or do not have a yellow triangle at sign at their pole. photographs by Simon Walter

Hp Signals

Hp Semaphore Signals

Hp semaphore signals are the oldest main signals which are still in use.

Main signals which can show Hp 2, photographs by Simon Walter

Main signals which cannot show Hp 2, photographs by Simon Walter

Hp Light Signals

Hp light signal with wrong line signal
Hp light signal
Hp light signal with Zs 3 and Zs 12

Hp light signals have been introduced in West Germany after World War II and existing in several variations. There had been some similar signals in East Germany after World War II before Hl signalling system was introduced but they have been used only at very few locations and all signals of this type in East Germany had been dismounted already. There are some Hl signals in Berlin (West and East) which look like Hp signals but show Hl signal aspects and there are some Hp signals in erlin (West and East) which display Hp signal aspects. (i.e. be carefully if you map Berlin S-Bahn signals)

Licht-Blocksignale, photographs by Simon Walter

Licht-Ausfahr-, Einfahr- oder Zwischensignal, Bildbeispiele auf der Website von Simon Walter

Hp 3 of KVB
Wikipedia-16px.png Kölner Verkehrs-Betrieben (KVB, Transport Authority of City of Cologne) also uses Hp signals. They can display a Hp 3 aspect. It is a combined aspect (main+distant) and they therefore are tagged as combined signals.

Ks Signals

The Ks signal system is the new signal system which has been introduced after reunification all over Germany. Hp/Hl/Sv signals are replaced by these signals if the signal box is been replaced by an electronic one. It aims to be an simple and unified system and leaves all the disadvantages of its predecessors behind. There are Ks combined signals, Ks distant signals and Ks main signals. photoraphs by Simon Walter

Ks Distant Signals

Ks distant signals do not have a white-red-white sign a their pole. Instead, they have a distant signal sign (Ne 2). Ks distant signals have two lights, a green and a yellow one at the same height. (In some special cases, they have only a yellow light. Ks distant signals in tunnels can look different because they are much smaller) photographs by Simon Walter

Ks Combined Signals

Ks Combined Signals have a white-red-white sign and a yellow, triangular sign at their pole. (Signals with a white-black-white-black-white sign at their pole only exist along the tracks of Berlin S-Bahn) photographs by Simon Walter

Ks Main Signals

Ks Combined Signals have a white-red-white sign at their pole. photographs by Simon Walter

Lf-Signale

Lf 1

German name: Langsamfahrscheibe

This signal anncounes a temporary speed limit (due to construction works, defects of the track etc.). The speed limit begins 400 to 1300 m (depending on the default breaking distance of the railway line) after this signal and is marked by signal Lf 2. photographs by Simon Walter

This signal is usually repeated after stations and halts. Repeated signals are not marked as repeated signals (in difference to distant signals).

Lf 1/2

German name: Langsamfahrbeginnscheibe

This signal only exists in East Germany. It is mounted at the beginning of a temporary speed limit which has not been announced. It is usually only used inside stations on siding, yard and spur tracks.

Lf 2

German name: Anfangsscheibe

This signal is mounted at the beginning of a temporary speed limit. The speed limit has been announced by Lf 1 400 to 1300 m before. photographs Simon Walter

Lf 3

German name: Endescheibe

This signal is mounted at the end of a temporary speed limit. The train driver may accelerate his train after all axels have passed the signal. photographs by Simon Walter

Lf 4 ex-DB

German name: Geschwindigkeitstafel

This signal only exists in West Germany on branch and industrial lines.

It is mounted 400 to 1000 m (depending on default breaking distance) before a permanent speed limit. photographs by Simon Walter

Lf 4 ex-DR

German name: Geschwindigkeitstafel

This signal only exists in East Germany and is mainly used on branch lines.

There are two possible use cases:

  • It is mounted 400 to 1000 m (depending on default breaking distance) before a permanent speed limit. The begin of the speed limit is marked by Lf 5 ("Eckentafel")
  • It is mounted at the end of a permanent speed limit where the speed limit is increased.

Note that the speed does not have to be multiplied by 10! photographs by Simon Walter

Lf 5 ex-DB

German name: Anfangstafel

This signal only exists in West Germany. It is mounted at the beginning of a permanent speed limit and has been announced by Lf 4. photographs by Simon Walter

Lf 5 ex-DR

German name: Eckentafel (corners' sign)

This signal only exists in East Germany. It is mounted at the beginning of a permanent speed limit and has been announced by Lf 4.

Lf 6

German name: Geschwindigkeits-Ankündigungssignal

This signal is mounted 400 to 1300 m (depending on default breaking distance of the railway line) before Lf 7 and announces a permanent speed limit. The triangle may point to the down (normal) or up (dwarf). Newer signs of this type are yellow instead of orange photographs by Simon Walter

Lf 7

German name: Geschwindigkeitssignal

This signal is mounted at a change of the permanent speed limit. There are two use cases:

  • speed limit is lower than before – the signal has been announced by Lf 6
  • speed limit is higher than before – the signal has not been announced by Lf 6

photographs by Simon Walter

Ne signals

Ne 1 Trapezoid Board

German name: Trapeztafel

The trapezoid board replaces entry signals where no entry signals are mounted. There are two use cases:

  • on branch lines as a replacement for the entry signal if operations are done without the support light or semaphore signals ("dark territory")
  • on main or branch lines on the left track where no entry signal exists

Trains may pass a trapezoid board only with a written command. photographs by Simon Walter

Ne 2 Distant Signal Board

German name: Vorsignaltafel

Distant signal boards are used at following locations:

  • at distant signals which are no repeaters and not mounted at a main light signal
  • without a distant signal – train drivers have to behave as if a distant signal would display "expect stop"

photographs by Simon Walter

Distant signal boads with reduced breaking distance in East Germany see So 3.

Ne 3 Distant Signal Beacons

German name: Vorsignalbaken

are not mapped

Ne 4 Chequer Board Plate

German name: Schachbretttafel

Chequer Board Plates are used if a main signal is mounted at a different location than usual (e.g. left of track instead of right). photographs by Simon Walter

Ne 5 Car Stop Marker

German: Haltetafel

The car stop marker marks a location at a station or halt where the head of train should stop. There are often multiple stop markers for different train lenghts. Stop markers may have an additional sign with a train lenght (usually in metre, sometimes number of cars/units).

The signal is also used at stations of branch lines without exit signals. Trains have to stop there and wait for a command by the the train dispatcher.

photographs by Simon Walter

There is also a variant of this signal which is a light signal. It is mounted before a halt where trains only stop on demand. It shows a white flashing H on a black background. This signal is very rare.

Ne 6 Halt Ahead

German name: Haltepunkttafel

This signal announes a halt. It is mounted 800 to 1300 m (main lines) or 150 m (branch lines) before a halt. photographs by Simon Walter

Ne 7 Snowplow Board

German name: Schneepflugtafel

Snowplow boards show where the snowplow has to be liftet due to an obstacle (bridges, level crossings, PZB magnets). examples by Simon Walter

Ne 12 Announcement of Resetting Point Status Signal

German name: Ankündigungsbake

This signal announces a status signal of a resetting point (Ne 13). photographs by Simon Walter

Ne 13 Resetting Point Status Signal

German name: Überwachungssignal der Rückfallweiche

The status signal of a resetting point indicates if the point is at its default position and may therefore be traversed or not. More informations and images at stellwerke.de (German) Attention! Usage of Signals So 17, So 18a and So 18b has been forbidden in Germany since 31. January 2011.

Ne 14 ETCS Stop marker

German alternative name: ETCS-Halt-Tafel

Trains running in operation mode SR (staff responsible) have to stop at this signal. It is currently only used on high speed railway line Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle.

Pf Signals

Pf 2 Doubled Whistle Sign

This signal only exists in East Germany.

It marks locations where the train driver has to whistle. He has to whistle a second time immediately before the crossing.

Ra Signals

Ra 6-9 Hump Signal

German name: Abdrücksignal

Ra 6–9 can be found on hump and gravity yards. They tell the train driver how fast he has to push the cars over the hill.

Ra 10 Limit of Shunt Indicator

German name: Rangierhalttafel

This signal (it is a sign) is mounted near the end of a station towards the entry signal. Shunting beyond this signal is not permitted without a written command. Otherwise shunting trains would enter the overlap between Ra 10 and the entry signal. photographs by Simon Walter

Ra 11 Wait Board

German name: Wartezeichen

Shunting trains have to stop at this signal. They will receive the permission to continue

  • via light signal Sh 1 (shunting permitted)
  • if the signal cannot display Sh 1, the dispatcher will raise a arm (day) or a white light (night)
  • if the signal cannot display Sh 1, by a spoken/shouted command

photographs by Simon Walter

Sign without Sh 1 in West Germany:

Signs without Sh 1 in East German are called Ra 11b (see below).

Sign with Sh 1:

Ra 11a ex-DR Wait Board

See Ra 11 Wait Board.

Ra 11b ex-DR Wait Board

This signal is almost the same as Ra 11 but it only exists in East Germany, lacks the Sh 1 lights and is white instead of yellow. photographs by Simon Walter

Ra 12 ex-DB Boundary Marker

German name: Grenzzeichen

Cars may be parked until this signal. Cars which are parked beyond this signal may reach into the loading gauge of a neighbouring track. This signal is usually mounted next to a point or railway crossing. photographs by Simon Walter

Ra 12 ex-DR Shunting Permitted

Siehe Sh 1 Fahrverbot aufgehoben.

Ra 13 Insulation Sign

German name: Isolierzeichen

We do not map them.

Sh Signals

Hp 0/Sh 1 Shunting Stop Signal/Shunting Permission Signal

German name: Rangierhaltsignal (Sh 0/Hp 0), Rangierfahrtsignal (Sh 1) Hp 0 (ligh signal): Stop (shunting and normal operations), formerly known as Sh 0
Hp 0 (semaphore signal): Stop (normal operations only, shunting may pass this signal with a spoken permission or Sh 1)
Sh 0 (semaphore signal): Stop (shunting operations)
Sh 0 (semaphore signal at derailers): derailer will derail passing vehicles
Sh 1: shunting permitted
Sh 1 at derailers: derailer will not derail passing vehicles (this does not include a shunting permission)

photographs by Simon Walter

Lichsignale

Sh 1 lights Main/Combined light signals (Hp, Ks, Sv, Hl) often have two additional small white lights to display Sh 1. Add following two tags to the main/combined signal:

Semaphore Signals

Sh 0 boards see buffer stops.

Sh 0/Sh 1 signals at derailers see derailers.

If the signal is used inside passenger stations to separate a track into two sections for different trains, use railway:signal:minor:states=DE-ESO:hp0;DE-ESO:kennlicht. These signals are called "Zugdeckungssignale" and can only show Hp 0 and marker light. (photograph)

Sh 2 End of Track Indicator

German name: Schutzhalttafel

This signal is mounted at

  • buffer stops
  • opened moveable bridges
  • where all trains should stop (because further parts of the line are under construction or closed for other reasons)

photographs by Simon Walter

Tracks whose buffer stops have a Sh 0, should be tagged with service=yard because Sh 0 only exists tracks which are only used for shunting operations.

Sh 3 End of Track Distant Signal

German name: Wärtervorscheibe, old name: Haltvorscheibe

This signal has been removed from DB's signalling rules in 2006. But there can exist some signals at OSM (e.g. on abandoned lines and on lines operated by third-party companies).

This signal is mounted 400 to 1300 m (default breaking distance) before a Sh 2 board. It looks like Vr 0 without Ne 2 but has no lights.

Sk Signals

Sk signals are a experimental main and distant light signal system which combines main and distant signal aspects in one combined signal. It was (apart from Sv signals in Hamburg) the first combined signal system in West Germany. It is only used between Augsburg and Donauwörth.

Main signals (without distant signal aspects) have a red sign at their pole. Combined signals have a red-yellow sign at their pole. Distant signals have a yellow sign at their pole.

For the full tagging documentation see the German version of this page.

So Signals

So 1 End Board

This signal is currently not mapped.

So 2 Chequer Board Plate

see Ne 4 Chequer Board Plate.

So 3 Distant Signal Board

So 3 was the ex-DR name of Ne 2, the meaning is the same.

Distant signal boards in West Germany see Ne 2.

Distant signal board in East Germany (formerly known as So 3a):

Distant signal board in East Germany with reduced breaking distance between the board and the main signal/trapezoid board (Ne 2 with an additional circle, formerly known as So 2c):

Distant signal board with a triangle and a black dot on top of the Ne 2 (formerly known as So 3b) can used at semaphore distant signals which can show three apsects (expect stop, expect reduced speed, expect full speed). They do not get a special tagging because the tagging of the distant already contains this information.

Distant signal board with a triangle and a black dot on top of the Ne 2 and a black circle inside the Ne 2 sign (formerly known as So 3d, i.e. three-aspect distant semaphore signal with reduced breaking distance):

So 12 Boundary Marker

Siehe Ra 12 Boundary Marker.

So 14 Activation Contact Marker Pole

German name: Merkpfahl

This signal only exist in East Germany. Don't confuse it with Bü 3 (exist only in West Germany) and So 15 (exists only in East Germany). Both look very similar but So 14 is a pole, no board.

This signal is a white pole with black horizontal stripes. It is painted on all four vertical faces. It indicates where the activiation contacts are located.

So 15 Caution Board

German name: Warntafel

This signal only exist in East Germany. Don't confuse it with Bü 3 ("Merktafel") which looks exactly the same but exist only in West Germany and has a meaning similar to So 14! Don't confuse it with So 14 which is a pole, no sign.

This signal announces a crossing signal (Bü 0/1, formerly So 16a/b). This signal may indicate the location of activation contacts if there is no So 14.

So 16 ex-DR Crossing Signal

This signal tells the train driver if a crossing is secured (lift gates lowered, lights flashing etc.) and if he can pass the crossing at full speed.

This signal formerly only existed in East Germany but nowadays exists in whole Germany.

It shows a white light (not flashing) if the crossing can be passed. Newer signals have two yellow, reflective dots instead of two yellow lights. photographs at Simon Walter's website

So 106 ex-DR Cross Board

German name: Kreuztafel

This signal only exists on branch lines in East Germany.

It replaces a distant signal. This signal is becoming rare, Ne 2 is its alterantive.

Sv Signals

Sv signals are a very old light signal system and had been invented for the usage at Berlin S-Bahn. They are combined signals. Later, Hamburg S-Bahn started to use them, too. They nowadays only exist in Hamburg. photographs from Hamburg at Wikimedia Commons

Tagging see German version of this page

Ts Signals

Ts signals are helper engine signals and used at steep inclines where heavy trains get a secondary engine at the rear end which pushes the train uphill without being coupled with the train.

They are not part of DB's signalling rules any more but are still in use at some locations.

Tagging see German version of this page

Vr Signals

Vr signals are distant signals (German "Vorsignale"). photographs by Simon Walter

Vr semaphore signals are the oldes distant signals which are still in use. Vr light signals are only used in West Germany.

Vr Semaphore Signals

Vr Light Signals

Zp Signal

Zp 6-8 Break Test Signal

German name: Bremsprobensignal

This signal supports the communication between the train driver and shunting staff during break tests. Bildbeispiele auf der Website von Simon Walter

Zp 6: Break Zp 7: release breaks Zp 8: breaks ok

Zp 9 Departure Signal

German: Abfahrtssignal

This signal tells the train driver to depart. It is given by the conductor. photographs by Simon Walter

Zp 10 Close Doors

German name: Türschließauftrag

This signal tells the train driver to close the doors. It is given by the conductor. photographs by Simon Walter

Zs Signals

Zs 1 Replacement Signal

German name: Ersatzsignal

See the sections about Hp, Hl, Sv, Sk and Ks signals

Zs 2 Route Signal

German name: Richtungsanzeiger

This signal shows the train driver which direction the route points to. phhotographs by Simon Walter

Zs 2v Route Distant Signal

German name: Richtungsvoranzeiger

This signal shows the train driver which direction the route will point to. It is the distant signal of Zs 2v. phhotographs by Simon Walter

Zs 3 Speed Limit Signal

German: Geschwindigkeitsanzeiger

This signal is usually mounted at main/combined signal and indicates the speed limit which is valid in an area called "anschließender Weichenbereich" (AWB) after the signal. The AWB ends at exit and block signals at the last point of the station, at intermediate and entry signals at the stop position of train or the next main/combined signal. This signal is used if the speed limit is caused by points which are passed on their diverging branch photographs by Simon Walter

Zs 3v Distant Speed Limit Signal

German: Geschwindigkeitsvoranzeiger

This signal is the distant signal of Zs 3. photographs by Simon Walter

Zs 6 ex-DB Wrong/Left Track Indicator

This signal shows that the train will switch on the left track (trains usually use the right track in Germany). It is used at exit signals of stations and at block signals of junctions outside stations. It can be a sign instead of a light signal if all possible routes after the signal will go into the left track.

Only some double-tracked railway lines have so called "Gleiswechselbetrieb" (switchable usage of tracks) installed. On other railway lines, trains are only allowed to run on the left track if the other track is closed (due to construction works, accidents etc.). On such lines usage of the left track is not secure and the engine drive gets a written command.

photographs by Simon Walter

Zs 6 ex-DR Early Stop Indicator

This signal shows that the route will go into a dead-end track or that the route will go into a track of a station which is already partially occupied by another train.

Zs 7 ex-DR Wrong/Left Track Indicator

This is the ex-DR (and nowadays used all over Germany) left track indicator. Explanation of this signal and images see above.

Zs 7/11 Attention Indicator

This signal is used as an replacement signal of main/combined signals. Details see Hl-, Hp-, Ks-, Sk- oder Sv-Signal.

Zs 8 Replacement Signal for Left Track Indicator

This signal indicates that the route will go into the left track of a double-tracked railway line. It is used as a replacement of Zs 6 if Zs 6 cannot be shown due to a defect or similar circumstances. photographs by Simon Walter

Zs 10 End of Speed Limit

This signal indicates the end of a speed limit which has been given by a Zs 3 or Hp 2. It is used if the train may accelerate before passing the last point of the points behind the signal. It is only used in West Germany and no new signals of this type are installed any more. photographs by Simon Walter

Zs 13 Early Stop Indicator

This signal shows that the route will go into a dead-end track or that the route will go into a track of a station which is already partially occupied by another train.

It is a yellow T rotated by 90° to the left.

Zs 103 Diamond Board (East Germany)

This board is mounted at semaphore main signals in East Germany and allows shunting movements even if the signals displays Hp 0. It is used on small stations with semaphore signals and mechanical signal boxes whose main signals cannot display Sh 1.

Zs 106 ex-DR Early Stop Indicator

This signal shows that the route will go into a dead-end track or that the route will go into a track of a station which is already partially occupied by another train.

It is a yellow triangle pointing downwards.

Other Signals

Post Plates

The posts of main signals are highlighted in Germany to increase their visibility (at night) and to inform the engine driver what to do if the signal displays "stop" or is defect.

White-Red-White

White-Black-White-Black-White

This sign is only used at block signals of S-Bahn Berlin and S-Bahn Hamburg.

White-Yellow-White-Yellow-White

This signal is only used at self-operating automatic block signals (dispatcher cannot control them because). You will find this sign in West Germany only at Hp light signals and in East Germany only at Hl combined signales.

Red (without White)

Invalidation Cross

ausgekreuztes Signal

This cross marks a signal as invalid. Engine drivers have to ignore it. photographs by Simon Walter

Proceed indicator

Proceed indicator seen in direction of movement

This signal is mounted at platforms and shows a white ascending line if seen in direction of movement and three descanding white dots if seen against the direction of movement. It is used to inform the conductor that the main signal displays "proceed" and he can give the order to depart to the engine driver. This signal cannot be considered as safe, i.e. if it shows the white strip/dots the main signal might not show proceed! Weitere Infos auf stellwerke.de, Bildbeispiele auf der Website von Simon Walter

Cab Signalling Block Marker

Cab Signalling Block Marker

If a railway line is equipped with LZB or ETCS, this board may replace a main/combined signal. This signal is called "Blockkennzeichen" (formerly "LZB-Blockkennzeichen") in German. photographs by Simon Walter

railway:signal:lzb=lzb-blockkennzeichen had been used instead of railway:signal:train_protection=DE-ESO:blockkennzeichen until early 2015 at OSM.

LZB Section Marker

LZB-Bereichskennzeichen

This board marks the beginning of an LZB section. Trains can only switch from PZB to LZB at this locations. photographs by Simon Walter

railway:signal:lzb*=* had been used instead of railway:signal:train_protection*=* until early 2015 at OSM.

Turn On Helper Sign for ICE trains

Train Radio Board

This board indicates the channel which to use for analogue radio.

Hectometre board

Hectometre board

This board indicates the current mileage. The upper number indicates the full kilometres, the lower number the first decimal. Hectometre boards are often mounted at catenary masts if the railway lines is electrified. If it is so, the board is not located at the exact position.

Some boards have three small digits at the lower right corner. They indicate the exact location (three decimals).

Level Crossing Marker Board

Level Crossing Marker Board (there are often additional boards with texts like "Auto HET")

German: Bü-Kennzeichentafel

This board is mounted directly in front of a level crossing for orientation purposes. photographs by Simon Walter

Level Crossing Announcement Board

Level Crossing Announcement Board. This board has an additional white BüBü board on top and therefore indicates that the activation switch activates multiple level crossings.

German: Bü-Ankündetafel

This signal is mounted at the switch-on contact and indicates the engine driver where he has to expect the level crossing. photographs by Simon Walter

Direction Arrow Boards

direction arrow at an El 6

German: Richtungspfeil

If a board is mounted before a junction or point, a direction arrow indicates the direction the signal applies to. They are used on Lf 1, Lf 6 and El 6. Add following tag if they are used there:

Left, right and straight refer to the direction of travel, not the direction of the OSM way!

Signal Halt Indicator

Signal Halt Indicator (turned off)

German: Signalhaltmelder

This signal shows a yellow L rotated by 180° if the entry signal 26B (at line from Wörlitz) shows stop (Hp 0). Such signals are used where lines under direct traffic control touch a station which is operated like a main line.


Key Switches

Key switches are used to activate some signals or devices by the train staff. There are currently tags for key switches activating departure signals (Zp 9/10) and level crossings.

Key Switch for Zp9

These key switches are used by the conductor to activate Zp 9. (photographs) These key switches are highlighted by the green umbrella-like symbol.

Symbol für Zp9-Taster

They are often combined with the key switch to activate the close doors signal (Zp 10).

Key switches ususally service only one track. Tag the track number using

Key Switches for Level Crossings

Key switches are sometimes the only way on branch lines and spur tracks to activate the lights/barriers at a level crossing. In all other cases, key switches are only used as a fallback.

Use railway:key_switch:crossing:usage=usual if the key switch is the usual way to activate it. Use railway:key_switch:crossing:usage=replacement if it is only used if automatic activation switches are defect.

Other tags: