RU:Bicycle

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Доступные языки — Bicycle
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Note the german version of this page is a big "portal" related to bicycle mapping

This is a list of suggestions for how to enter and tag bicycle and cycleway related data into OSM. No two cyclists will ever agree what constitutes a good cycle route. Cyclists can seek out anything from only off-road routes to the quickest route on a multi-lane highway. Some want a flat commute, while others seek out hills for a recreational challenge. This is the strength of OSM. It can capture the cycling relevant data as possible, and each cyclist can choose the way that best suits.

Cycle features

Lanes and tracks are represented and tagged differently in OSM. A track is separate from the road (off-road) and a lane lies within the roadway (on-road). It is recommended [ citation needed ] by some to draw separate ways if tracks are divided by parking lanes or grass verges, ignoring the track semantics, while others support the intended use of highway=* + cycleway=track (or the more specific cycleway:right=track and cycleway:left=track).

The tables below with many examples and pictures are for right-drive countries.

Cycle lanes in bidirectional motor car roads

A lane marked on a portion of a carriageway (UK), roadway or shoulder (USA), designated for cyclist use.

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
L1a
Cycle lanes left right.svg
Dsc01078 clip.jpg
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=lane + cycleway:right=lane

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:both=lane

L1b
Cycle lanes both right.svg
Neuss Stephanstr dsc01113.jpg
Way A.png
Bidirectional cycle lane on right side of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane

L2
Cycle lanes right only.svg
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on right side of the road only.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane

(nb: bikes can use the normal highway on the left side)

Cycle lanes in oneway motor car roads

Ref Context Photo OSM Description Example
M1
Oneway cycle lane left right.svg
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the oneway road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane + cycleway:right=lane + oneway:bicycle=no (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane + oneway:bicycle=no

M2a
Oneway cycle lane right only.svg
Neuss Bergheimerstr PICT8477.JPG
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on right side and same direction of the oneway road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane

M2b
Oneway cycle lane left only.svg
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on left side and same direction of the oneway road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane

Линия 72068274 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, история)
M2c
Cycle lanes oneway middle.png
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane in the direction as the oneway road, between driving lanes.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + lanes=2 + ?

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + lanes=2 + cycleway=lane

M2d
Cycle lanes both left.svg
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left side.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane + oneway:bicycle=no


Линия 145565058 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, история)
M3a
Oneway cycle opposite lane left.svg
Cycle contraflow Caen c.jpg
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on opposite way of the oneway road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=opposite_lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane + oneway:bicycle=no

M3b
Oneway cycle opposite lane right.svg
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on opposite way of the oneway road.

Way A : same as M3a (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=lane + oneway:bicycle=no

M4
Separate car lanes cycle lanes left right.svg
Way A Bdown2.png
(recommended)
Oneway cycle lane on right side of separated oneway roads.

Way A : same as M2

Way B : same as M2

Way A.png
Alternative tagging for less accurate traces / aerials.

Way A : same as L1a

M5
Separate car lanes cycle lanes right only.svg
Way A Bdown2.png
(recommended)
Oneway cycle lane on right side of a separated oneway road.

Way A : same as M2

Way B : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes

Way A.png
Alternative tagging for less accurate traces / aerials.

Way A : same as L2

Cycle tracks

Road (UK) or path (USA, Canada) dedicated to cyclists on separate right of way.

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
T1
Cycle tracks left right.svg
Copenhagen Style Bike Lane.jpg
Way A B Cdown.png
Cycle tracks on left and right sides of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way A.png

(recommended)

An alternative solution when the track position is not well known (e.g. surveyed from a car) is to add the information on the main way :

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track

T2
Cycle tracks both right.svg
Cycle route marking Le Havre.jpg
Way A B.png

(recommended) [ citation needed ]

Bidirectional cycle track right side of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=no

Way A.png
Like T1, it is possible to reuse the main highway element:

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track

T3
Cycle tracks cars-one-way cycle-two-way right.svg
Way A B.png

(recommended) [ citation needed ]

Bidirectional cycle track right side of the one way road.

Way A : highway=*[1]+ oneway=yes

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=no

Way A.png
Bidirectional cycle track right side of the one way road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=track + oneway:bicycle=no

Miscellaneous

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
S1
Oneway cycle opposite nolane left.svg
Way A.png
Cycling opposite to the oneway car traffic without dedicated lane/track (in some countries only).

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=opposite

S2
Cycle track left lane right.svg
Way A Bdown.png
(recommended)
Cycle track on left side and cycle lane on right side of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane + oneway:bicycle=yes

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way A.png
Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=track + cycleway:right=lane
S3
Cycle tracks sidewalks left right.svg
Way A.png
(recommended)
If sidewalks are considered as implied and simplicity kept (recommended for autorouting):

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track + segregated=yes

Way A B Cdown.png
Cycle tracks on left and right sides of the road and sidewalks.

If sidewalks are considered as implied with the main highway:

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

If sidewalks are not considered as implied:

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

S4
Cycle tracks left right footways.svg
Way A.png
Easiest (and correct solution for autorouting)

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track + segregated=yes + foot=designated

Way A B Cdown.png
(recommended)
Cycle tracks on left and right sides of the road and the sidewalks/footways.

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way A B C Ddow Edownn.png
Alternative solution with 5 ways in OSM :

Way A : highway=*[1]

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=footway

Way D : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way E : highway=footway

Cycle lanes and bus/taxi lanes

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
B1
Cycle track left lane right bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road with a bus/taxi only lane.

Proposal (no consensus):

Using the suffix for Lanes:
Way A : highway=* + lanes=3 + lanes:forward=2 + access:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|no + bicycle:lanes=*designated|yes|yes|designated|yes + bus:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|designated + taxi:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|designated

Note: the suffix :lanes could be used for all the other examples too, but is used usually only in situations where it is not possible to tag the layout of the lanes with other tags.

B2
Cycle lanes left right bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road after a bus/taxi only lane in right side.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + lanes=3 + lanes:forward=2 + lanes:bus:forward=1 + busway:right=lane + cycleway=lane

B3
Cycle lanes left shared bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lane on left side of the road and a shared cycle lane with a bus/taxi lane in right side..

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + busway:right=lane + cycleway:left=lane + cycleway:right=share_busway

or

Proposed_features/shared_lane

B4
Cycle track shared bus right.png
Way A Bdown2.png
Cycle track shared with a bus/taxi track in right side of the road.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=service + service=bus + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=share_busway

Way B :
assuming for bicycle and buses there is an obligation to use Way A in forward directions (of way A) :
highway=*[1] + oneway:bus=yes + oneway:bicycle=yes
assuming bicycles may use Way B in both directions :
highway=*[1]

B5
Cycle lane shared bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lane shared with a bus/taxi lane on right side of the road (in some countries only).

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + lanes=4 + lanes:bus:forward=1 + busway:right=lane + cycleway:right=share_busway

B6
Oneway opposite shared bus left.png
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg
Way A.png
Cycle lane shared with a bus/taxi lane in opposite direction of the oneway road.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=share_busway + busway=opposite_lane + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=share_busway + busway=lane + oneway=yes + oneway:bus=no + oneway:bicycle=no

All pictures are available in both .png and .svg files in the wiki repository (use .png when text is present).

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 any type of motor car roads in the class "highway" like primary/secondary/tertiary/unclassified/residential/etc.

Pedestrian streets

highway=footway + bicycle=yes + barrier=bollard

Non motorized road

highway=track + surface=paved + motor_vehicle=no ou motorcar=no

barrier=bollard ref name="anyroad" /> + cycleway=track + segregated=yes

|- valign="top"

|rowspan="2"|
Way A B Cdown.png

| Cycle tracks on left and right sides of the road and sidewalks.

If sidewalks are considered as implied with the main highway:

Way A : highway=*

On-Road Cycling (Cycle Friendly Streets)

Consider using the following key/values to indicate cycle friendly streets.

Key Value Purpose
width=* <width of road in metres> Indicate a wide single lane road or a squeeze point
maxspeed=* <speed limit> Roads with lower speed limits tend to be less crowded by cars.
source:maxspeed=* <countycode:rural/countycode:urban/sign,...> Always tag the source of the maxspeed limit!
lanes=* <total number of lanes making up the way> Single lane wide roads with low speed limits tend to be low-stress routes (but may increase stress for cyclists that want to cycle fast)

Ограничения для велосипедов

Ключ Значение Использование
bicycle yes Там, где движение на велосипедах разрешено, несмотря на ограничения по умолчанию для данного вида highway или данной территории (как в случае с автомагистралями, по которым разрешено движение на велосипедах, в западных районах Северной Америки)
bicycle designated Там, где путь был специально организован (обычно органами власти) для движения велосипедов (designated )
bicycle no Там, где движение на велосипедах не допускается (убедитесь, что это явно обозначено)
bicycle permissive Where bicycles do not have a legal right-of-way, but the land owner has indicated that bicycles are allowed
bicycle destination Where bicycles have a legal right-of-way, but only if their destination is within that street or area
bicycle dismount Where cycling is not allowed on short sections of signposted cycleroutes (typically in the UK on narrow bridges and underpasses which are shared with pedestrians), there are usually signs saying "Cyclists dismount". These have been tagged as follows (300+ uses as of 2010-08-15)
oneway:bicycle yes/no Instead or in addition to using cycleway=opposite* nominatim, you can use oneway:bicycle to identify roads where the oneway rules for cyclists differ from the generel oneway restriction. Note that currently bicycle:oneway=no and oneway:bicycle=no are both often used and both documented on various places on the wiki. Until there are more certain rules, expect renderers for cycling to support both

See also OSM tags for routing/Access-Restrictions for the default restrictions by highway type (and country-specific rules).

All values : Key:access.

Facilities

Where there are facilities to lock up a bicycle or rent/hire bicycles, use:

Ключ Значение
amenity bicycle_parking
amenity bicycle_rental

Для магазинов, продающих велосипеды и велозапчасти, аксессуары:

Ключ Значение
shop bicycle

See also