| +/- place=neighbourhood
A neighbourhood is a smaller named, geographically localised place within a suburb of a larger city or within a town or village
A neighbourhood is a named, geographically localised place within a place=suburb of a larger settlement, such as a large place=city or as within a smaller settlement, such as a place=town or a place=village.
The tag can be used for residential areas, commercial areas, industrial areas and all other kind of landuse and mixes of landuses. Usage of this term depends on history, culture, politics, economy and more how settlements are organized. More specific rules are avoided. It is likely appropriate to render this feature only at higher zoom levels compared to other place=* values (e.g. 15 or above).
Note: that the British English spelling is used rather than the American English spelling of neighborhood. Also that in OpenStreetMap a place=suburb can include for any major sub-division of a city, including areas in the city centre.
How to map
Neighbourhoods are not normally administrative entities, and dependent on the area may have somewhat unclear boundaries. Typically you will map this feature as a node. In other cases it may be appropriate to use an area.
Where the borders are fluid or there is no broad agreement on where the boundaries are located, then you better use a node positioned in the centre of the area.
Where a neighboughood does have a well defined legal and administrative border, such as one defined by a homeowners' association then it is preferable to use an area to define the boundary.
Use name=* for its name. Optionally also wikipedia=* to link to the related Wikipedia article, start_date=*, for the year or date when the area came into being, population=* if it has a defined boundary and known population (and source:population=* for details of where this figure was sourced from a therefore how current it is). Also possibly also architect=* for name of the masterplanner / architectural firm for the area, if applicable.
- Proposed features/place=neighbourhood - the original proposal