Tag:highway=living_street

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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = living_street
800px-Zeichen 325.svg.png
Description
Living streets — compared to residential streets — have special regulations like lower speed limits, special parking restrictions, special traffic rules, ...
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodes
may be used on ways
should not be used on areas
use on relations unspecified
Useful combination
Implies

maxspeed=* (according to local law)

Status: Approved

The highway=living_street tag is used to tag living streets, which generally have lower speed limits, and special traffic/parking rules compared to streets tagged using highway=residential). Terms for these street vary considerably around the world and include Home Zone (UK), Woonerf (Netherlands/Flanders), 'Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich' (Germany etc etc. Routing and navigation software might try to avoid such areas when navigating cars.

How to Map

Create a simple way and tag it with highway=living_street and with name=*. The tag maxspeed=* is implicit according to the rules of the country. For example, you do not need to add a maxspeed=7 tag for a German living street.

For example:

Rendering

Like a residential street, but filled with light grey.

National Specialities

Country Name maxspeed= Special traffic rules Reference
Austria Wohnstraße Schrittgeschwindigkeit[1] Give way to pedestrians and bicyclists; no transit traffic; exceptions e.g. for fire brigade or waste disposal; parking only in marked spaces; if exiting the "Wohnstraße" you have to give way (yield sign not present) Wikipedia (de)
Belarus Жилая зона (Zhilaya zona) 20[2] Give way to pedestrians and bicyclists. No transit traffic. No 'name' tag
Неименованный проезд к домам. Пешеходы имеют преимущество. Транзитный проезд запрещен. Жилая зона − территория, въезды на которую и выезды с которой обозначены дорожными знаками ”Жилая зона“ и ”Конец жилой зоны“, а также дворовая территория, прилегающая к жилой застройке.[3]
Правила дорожного движения Республики Беларусь
Belgium Woonerf/Zone résidentielle 20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians; pedestrians can use the entire road; special rules for parking a car Wikipedia (nl)
Bulgaria 'Жилищна зона' (Zhilishtna zona) 20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians. Pedestrians can use the entire road. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic. Parking allowed only on marked places. If exiting the "Zhilishtna zona" you have to give way.
Croatia Područje smirenog prometa 10
Czech Republic Obytná zóna 20 doesn't exist yet
Denmark 'Opholds- og legeområde' / Sivegade 15 Pedestrians may use the entire road; drivers must give way to pedestrians; parking only in marked spaces Bekendtgørelse om Vejafmærkning
Estonia Õueala 20 (or walking speed if pedestrians are nearby) Give way to pedestrians. The engine must be turned off after two minutes of parking. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic. Pedestrians can use the entire road. No transit traffic.
Finland Pihakatu 20 Favors pedestrians, cars must give way. Parking allowed only on marked places. Speed "adapted to pedestrians and not exceed 20". Wikipedia (Fi)
France 'Zone de rencontre'
'Cour urbaine'
20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians; pedestrians can use the entire road. Introduced in 2008. Wikipedia (fr)
Germany Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich (or Spielstraße) Schrittgeschwindigkeit Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked places. If exiting the "Spielstraße" you have to give way (yield sign normally not present) Wikipedia (de)
Hungary Lakó-pihenő övezet 20 Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked places; no transit traffic. Hungarian highway code (KRESZ)
Iceland Vistgata 15 (or walking speed if pedestrians are nearby) Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked spaces, except for bicycles. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic.
Ireland N/A N/A No special legal category corresponding to Living Streets exists in Ireland. Tag as residential with maxspeed of either 50 or 30 as indicated by signs
Italy Zona residenziale No default Living streets are rarely found in Italy. Use the living_street tag only if this specific sign is present. Codice della strada art. 3 comma 58
Netherlands Woonerf 15 Some different traffic rules in favor of pedestrians and bicyclists; parking only in designated spaces Wikipedia (Netherlands)
Norway Gatetun 8 Vehicles must give way to all pedestrians. Walking speed for all vehicles. No parking exept in designated places.
Trafikkreglene §9.2. Kjørende [...] har vikeplikt for gående [...] [i] gågate eller gatetun.
§13. 3. På gågate eller gatetun må det ikke kjøres fortere enn i gangfart.
§17. 2. Det er forbudt å parkere [...] d) på gatetun utenom særskilt anviste plasser.
Poland Strefa zamieszkania 20 Pedestrians (including playing children, even without parental supervision) can use entire street and have absolute precedence over vehicles. Parking is only allowed in marked places. Speed calming devices don't have to be marked using road signs. Also give way when leaving the zone[4] Wikipedia (pl)
Russia Жилая зона (Zhilaya zona) 20[5] Give way to pedestrians. No transit traffic.
Пешеходы имеют преимущество. Транзитный проезд запрещен. Жилая зона − территория, въезды на которую и выезды с которой обозначены дорожными знаками ”Жилая зона“ и ”Конец жилой зоны“[6]. Правила движения в жилых зонах распространяются также и на дворовые территории[7].
Правила дорожного движения Российской Федерации
Switzerland Begegnungszone 20 People can stay, walk and play on the road. Wikipedia (de), Wikipedia (fr)
Spain Calle residencial 20 Identified by traffic signal S-28.
Indica las zonas de circulación especialmente acondicionadas que están destinadas en primer lugar a los peatones y en las que se aplican las normas especiales de circulación siguientes: la velocidad máxima de los vehículos está fijada en 20 kilómetros por hora y los conductores deben conceder prioridad a los peatones. Los vehículos no pueden estacionarse más que en los lugares designados por señales o por marcas. Los peatones pueden utilizar toda la zona de circulación. Los juegos y los deportes están autorizados en ella. Los peatones no deben estorbar inútilmente a los conductores de vehículos.
?
Sweden Gårdsgata/Gångfartsområde Walking speed (10?) Favors pedestrians, cars must give way. Parking allowed only on marked places. When exiting a "Gångfartsområde" you have to give way (yield sign normally not present) Wikipedia (Sv)
United Kingdom Home Zone 10-15mph Highway Code point 218 Wikipedia, List of Home Zones

Remarks

Tempo-30-Zone (Germany)

Please note: a "Tempo-30-Zone" — where the main special regulation is the 30km/h speed limit itself — is NOT a living street. These streets should be tagged with highway=residential, maxspeed=30.

Spielstraße (Germany)

In common language many people name as "Spielstraße" what is named "Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich" by law (Straßenverkehrsordnung StVO). The term "Spielstraße" is not used in the StVO, but can be found in additional regulations (Verwaltungsvorschriften). It names a rarely used combination of a common exclusion of every traffic (Verbot für Fahrzeuge aller Art, the common red circle, white center), combined with a small symbol below for playing children [8].

The max. speed of 7 km/h for "Schrittgeschwindigkeit" ist not named within the StVO, but resulted from different judgements, most within the range of 7 up to 12 km/h. It may be even as low as 4 km/h, while all are significantly below 20 km/h.

See also

References

  1. STVO § 76b
  2. ПДД РБ. Глава 11. Пункт 88
  3. ПДД РБ. Глава 1. Пункт 2.21
  4. "Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych" (in Polish). Dz. U. 1997 nr 98 poz. 602 (with further changes - the unified text). 2012. http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU19970980602. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  5. ПДД РФ. Пункт 10.2
  6. ПДД РФ. Пункт 17.1
  7. ПДД РФ. Пункт 17.4
  8. Zeichen 250 & 1010-10

Related terms: <living street>