| sport = canoe
|Canoe and Kayak are a narrow human-powered boats, primarily designed to be manually propelled by means of a paddle for the use of racing, whitewater canoeing, touring and camping, freestyle, and general recreation. The intended use of the canoe dictates its hull shape and construction material.|
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Canoe and Kayak are a narrow human-powered boats, primarily designed to be manually propelled by means of a paddle for the use of racing, whitewater canoeing, touring and camping, freestyle, and general recreation. The intended use of the canoe dictates its hull shape and construction material.
Canoe is a lightweight narrow boat, typically pointed at both ends and open on top, propelled by one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel using a single-bladed paddle.
Historically, canoes were dugouts or made of bark on a wood frame, but construction materials evolved to canvas on a wood frame, then to aluminum. Most modern canoes are made of molded plastic or composites such as Fiberglass. Until the mid-1800s the canoe was an important means of transport for exploration and trade, but then transitioned to recreational or sporting use. Canoeing has been part of the Olympics since 1936. In places where the canoe played a key role in history, such as the northern United States, Canada, and New Zealand, the canoe remains an important theme in popular culture.
Kayak is a small, relatively narrow, human-powered boat primarily designed to be manually propelled by means of a double bladed paddle. The traditional kayak has a covered deck and one or more cockpits, each seating one paddler. Their cockpit is sometimes covered by a spray deck that prevents the entry of water from waves or spray and makes it possible for suitably skilled kayakers, to roll the kayak: that is, to capsize and right it without it filling with water or ejecting the paddler.
Some modern boats vary considerably from a traditional design but still claim the title 'kayak', for instance in eliminating the cockpit by seating the paddler on top of the boat ("sit-on-top" kayaks); having inflated air chambers surrounding the boat; replacing the single hull by twin hulls ("W" kayak), and replacing paddles with other human powered propulsion methods, such as foot-powered rotational propellers and 'flippers'. Kayaks are also being sailed, as well as propelled by means of small electric motors, and even by outboard gas engines, when possible.
How to Map
- For rental agencies (the building) use:
- For portages, tag highway=* (footway, path, track, etc.) and any related tags, then add portage=yes and sport=canoe.
- For tagging the river sections etc. use the tags you find in Whitewater sports (please don't add the "sport" tag to the river).
- OpenSeaMap - boatable rivers together with all relevant objects, also shop and sport.
- Mapnik - no rendering.
- Osmarender - no rendering.
Inuit seal hunter in a kayak, armed with a harpoon
Kayaks are often used to get closer to marine animals, for example sea otters
Dugout Canoe in the Rennell Island lagoon, Solomon Islands
- "Canoe". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/canoe. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Dugout Canoe". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/dugout-canoe. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- There is scant evidence of Ainu peoples using the classic kayak design in prehistoric times. the follosing indicates that they did use skin-covered vessels, however: "Like the yara chisei, bark houses, ... yara chip, bark boats, were probably substitutes for the skin-covered boat, elsewhere surviving in the coracle and kayak. Skin-covered boats ... are referred to in old [Ainu] traditions. -Ainu material culture from the notes of N. G. Munro: in the archive of the Royal Anthropological Institute, British Museum, Department of Ethnography, 1994 , p. 33