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Public-images-osm logo.svg man_made = tower
A tower is a building, which is multiple times higher than its diameter
Group: Buildings
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination
Status: In use

A tower is a building, which is multiple times higher than its diameter. It can stand alone or as a part of a bigger building. Towers can be built from wood, steel or concrete.

In comparison a man_made=mast is often a single mast of concrete. A tower is accessible and provides platforms, whereas a mast only offers ladder steps to climb it.

Engineering definition

In structural engineering, towers are free-standing vertical structures, supported by own foundation only. It means, no additional external guying and anchoring structures are used for towers.

Required Tags

Key Value Element Comment
man_made tower Node Area A man made tower.
tower:type (see below) Node Area Further describe the tower type. It's not really mandatory, but it's a very good idea to specify a type.

Tower types

Please specify the type of tower: rendering engines can use the information in this field to show more appropriate map icons or to hide irrelevant types of tower.

Key Value Element Comment Example Icon
tower:type communication Node Area Communication towers which are used for broadcast or communication via radio waves; such as radio, television, cellphones and two-way radio.

For more advanced tagging have a look at the key communication:*=yes.
Really big communications towers should be tagged with man_made=communications_tower.

Greifswald Funkturm Hans-Beimler-Straße July-2010 SL274692.JPG
Communications tower.svg
tower:type observation Node Area Observation towers such as fire-towers, observation platforms and tourist attractions. Also see tourism=viewpoint.
Prochenberg Aussichtsturm.jpg
Observation tower.svg
tower:type climbing Node Area Artificial structure for sports climbing. Add also sport=climbing.
2014-04-19 Kletterturm Berlin-Spandau.jpg
tower:type bell_tower Node Area Widely used for steeples and bell towers.
Ulm Muenster.jpg
tower:type defensive Node Area Relation towers erected for defensive reasons
Marienborn alter Wachturm.jpg
tower:type stupa Node Area towers associated with temples or wats usually but not always having religious significance
Golden wat tower (stupa).jpg
tower:type cooling Node Area Cooling towers use evaporation of water to reject heat from processes such as cooling the circulating water used in oil refineries, chemical plants, power plants and building cooling, for example.
Cooling Towers.jpg
Cooling tower .svg
tower:type lighting Node A man-made tower designed for the purpose of lighting (providing artificial illumination for) an area or a specific target, such as a fairground, a sports arena, a highway intersection, a parking lot, a loading deck, a rail yard, a train station, an airport, a bus station, a market square, a construction site, a mine, a factory, or any such public or private facility where artificial lighting is desired. Please, tagged it with man_made=mast.
Lighting tower.svg
tower:type campanile Node Italian (often) free-standing bell tower
Chiesa 21-0750 (2).jpg
tower:type klockstapel Node Swedish free-standing clock tower
Länna kyrka, klockstapel.jpg
tower:type carillon Node Outdoor free-standing musical instrument featuring a set of bells: Wikipedia-16px.png Carillon on Wikipedia
Carillon Olympiapark Muenchen.jpg
tower:type <user-defined> Node If the above values aren't close enough to what you want, see "tower:type" on TagInfo, or just make up your own values. Please document newly created tag values here, ideally after discussion.  

Optional Tags

Some general tags which are used across many other types of object are used to tag communication towers:

Key Value Element Comment Example Icon
name * Node Name of the tower  
ref * Node Reference number of the tower  
operator * Node Maintainer/Operator of the tower structure.  
height * Node Height of the top of the tower (including any antennas) from ground-level in meters. In the case where the tower is mounted on top of a building the height should include the height of the building.  
ele * Node Elevation of the bottom of the tower above sea-level in meters.  
access * Node Physical access to tower, most likely private but some towers have viewing platforms.  
source * Node Where did the data come from?  
url * Node URL link to a website with information about this tower.  
website * Node Official website of this tower (if any).  
tower:construction lattice Node The tower is constructed from steel lattice  
tower:construction freestanding Node The tower is freestanding 'heavy' construction such as concrete, steel or wood  
tower:construction dish Node The 'communication tower' is a parabolic dish  
tower:construction dome Node The 'communication tower' is a dome (or 'golf-ball') construction, with antenna elements concealed from view by a radome  
tower:construction concealed Node The 'communication tower' is concealed/disguised (for example: made to look like a tree).  
tower:construction guyed Node The 'communication tower' is guyed.  
tower:construction guyed_lattice Node The 'communication tower' is constructed from steel lattice and is guyed.  
tower:construction guyed_tube Node The 'communication tower' is constructed from metal or steel tube and is guyed.  

See Taginfo tower:construction [1]

Related tags

Not approved Tagging

amenity=bts - If you know places with this tag, verify if it could be tagged with another tag. Automated edits are strongly discouraged unless you really know what you are doing!
Proposed features/Base transceiver station