From OpenStreetMap Wiki
This is used mainly to give details about settlements. See the page titled Places for an introduction on its usage.
Administratively declared places
|place||state||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||region||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries. For natural regions other keys should be searched.|
|place||province||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||district||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||county||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||municipality||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; depending on the country a collection of arbitrary hamlets, villages and towns may form an administrative unit; sometimes members of a unit reform or join with another municipality as a result of political process. Within a municipality individual settlements are a lot less connected than those within a city, where they have grown connected over time.|
Populated settlements, urban
|place||borough||See boundary=administrative, depending on the country suburbs in larger cities are often grouped into administrative units called boroughs or city districts; using the value borough avoids name confusion in countries that declare districts within their states or counties.|
|place||quarter|| A named part of a bigger settlement where this part is smaller than a suburb and bigger than a neighbourhood. This does not have to be an administrative entity.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood.
|place||neighbourhood|| A named part of a place=village, a place=town or a place=city. Smaller than place=suburb and place=quarter.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood, but may also stand for borough or suburb and hence is often avoided in OSM. See
|place||city_block||A named city block that is part of a place=city. See|
|place||plot||A named plot is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner.|
Populated settlements, urban and rural
|place||town||Kunnan (keskustaajaman) nimi|
|place||hamlet||Pienen kylän tai tilan nimi|
|place||isolated_dwelling||Smallest kind of human settlement. No more than 2 households.|
|place||farm||A farm that has its own name. If the farm is not a part of bigger settlement use place=isolated_dwelling. See also landuse=farmyard|
|place||allotments||Dacha or cottage settlement, which is located outside other inhabited locality. This value is used mainly in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union, where a lot of such unofficial settlements exist|
|place||archipelago||Identifies the relation of an archipelago, which contains several islands and islets.|
|place||island||Suuren tai merkittävän saaren nimi. Pienemmille saarilla voi käyttää place=islet mutta tarkkaa kokorajaa ei toistaiseksi ole sovittu.|
|place||islet||Identifies an islet (< 1 km2).|
|place||square||For a square in a town (English: square, French: place, German: Platz, Italian: piazza, Spanish: plaza, Russian: площадь).|
|place||locality||Nimetty paikka, joka ei ole asutuskeskittymä tai muu erikseen merkattu esim. tunturi, järvi tai rakennus.|
|place||User Defined||All commonly used values according to Taginfo|
|population||Number||Paikan asukasluku. Voitaisiin käyttää pienempien paikkojen syrjimiseen kun muutoin samaluokituksisten paikkojen nimet eivät mahdu kartalle.|
|name||Text||To define the name of a place.|
|addr:postcode||Text||Some communities are using this tag on places, areas, street relations, according Karlsruhe Schema instead of 'postal_code' tag. This is not recommended, since it clashes with addressing.|
|reference_point||yes||Named landmarks used to identify locations (common in some countries).|
|is_in||Text||Kohteen sijainnin kertomiseen (esim. pienelle kylälle is_in=Joroinen, Finland) ellei se muutoin tule ilmi.|
This section is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.