User:Batje/sandbox/key:building:architecture:typology

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subkey: "typology", Key:building:architecture:typology, Key:urban:typology
Status: Proposals with undefined or invalid status (inactive)
Proposed by: apapadaki
Tagging: building, urban, building:architecture=*
Applies to: Node, Way, Relation
Definition: Typology is a “study or analysis using a classification according to a general type.” [1]
Drafted on: 2016-04-01

Proposal

This proposal adds additional values to the "building" key and the "urban" key, introduces the "building:architecture:typology" key and the "urban:typology" key with possibility of application to other relative keys such as "bridge:typology" and other forms of physical features.

Typology (in urban planning and architecture) is the taxonomic classification of (usually physical) characteristics commonly found in buildings and urban places, according to their association with different categories, such as intensity of development (from natural or rural to highly urban), degrees of formality, and school of thought (for example, modernist or traditional). Individual characteristics form patterns. Patterns relate elements hierarchically across physical scales (from small details to large systems). [2]

The key building:architecture:typology is describing in which group buildings/structures are classified according obvious common morphological and functional characteristics.

The key urban:typology is

Rationale

During our project of NGT Zanzibar, we came across with the need to group the surveyed buildings in order to...

  • useful for research/study
  • useful for planning/development

Examples

Tagging

Building:architecture:typology key list of NGT values

Node Relation

Key Value Description (to be edited) Photo (to be filled)
building:architecture:typology single_storey_swahili Term describing the architectural typology of single-storey buildings found in Ng’ambo area. The typology is developed based on the analogy between the form and function (primary function-residential, commercial function-secondary) of the building. The architectural form of the typology has undergone substantial changes in the recent years.
building:architecture:typology modern_multi_storey_swahili Term describing the architectural typology of usually two-storey buildings built on the footprint of a Single-storey Swahili house.
building:architecture:typology post_modern_multi_storey_swahili Term describing the architectural typology of (usually) contemporary multi-storey buildings built on one- or multiple footprints of an old Swahili house. The Post-Modern Swahili comprises both residential and mixed-use buildings found in the Ng’ambo area. For the time being most of the Post-Modern Swahili buildings are either solitary buildings placed within the context of Single-storey Swahili houses or clusters of two or more independent buildings built close to each other with little consideration to the neighbouring structures, yet respecting the street line. Post-Modern Swahili can also be seen as an emerging tendency within the architectural development of the area.
building:architecture:typology suburban_villa Term describing the architectural typology of detached family houses surrounded by a wall or a garden, the suburban villa is mostly found on the edges of the town. Buildings conforming to this typology can also be found in the inner town, usually built with little or no consideration to the surrounding(existing) urban tissue.
building:architecture:typology apartment_block Term describing the architectural typology of multi-storey residential buildings. In difference to Post-Modern Swahili buildings, the Apartment Buildings are not built on the footprint of a Single-storey Swahili house. The typology is developed based on the function of the buildings not its architectural form. Hence, the term can be applied widely and include modern and contemporary structures as well as older buildings housing multiple families.
building:architecture:typology indian_shopfront Term describing the architectural typology of mixed-use, two storied buildings built on a narrow footprint usually located along narrow commercial roads creating rows of houses. The Indian Shopfront has commercial areas on the ground floor and residential quarters on the first level. Traditionally found both in Stone Town and in Ng’ambo.
building:architecture:typology modern_indian_shopfront Typology derived from the Indian Shopfront, describing structures with commercial areas on the ground floor and more than one residential level.
building:architecture:typology arcade_building Term describing the architectural typology of multi-storey buildings comprised of shopping arcades on the two first storeys and with more enclosed remaining storeys used for offices, hotels and residential purposes.
building:architecture:typology high_street Multi-storey and mixed-use typically urban phenomenon found in the United Kingdom. It is used as a metonym for the concept of the primary business street of towns or cities especially to distinguish it from more concentrated city centres. As Ng’ambo lacks a clearly defined CBD we have decided to borrow the High Street concept to define streets with high concentration of business developed in recent years.
building:architecture:typology public_school Typology developed based on function, describing governmental educational institutions.
building:architecture:typology madrasa Typology  that refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the Islamic religion.
building:architecture:typology mosque
building:architecture:typology market_stall Typology developed based on function, describing a detached one-storey structure built for commercial purposes.
building:architecture:typology others Typology encompassing all non-conforming buildings, including leisure, public services, educational buildings and residential structures.  

Urban:typology key list of NGT values

Relation

Key Value Description
urban:typology organic_swahili_urban Urban areas that have developed organically over the years. The existing pattern of streets as well as open and built areas has not been predefined, but has taken form gradually, influenced to a large degree by its inhabitants. Historically the areas are predominantly built with Single-storey Swahili houses.
urban:typology grid_swahili_urban Planned or semi-planned urban areas developed on an orthogonal grid pattern. Historically the areas are predominantly built with Single-storey Swahili houses.
urban:typology bazaar_street Commercial areas developed along narrow streets traditionally built with rows of Indian Shopfront buildings.
urban:typology temporary_commercial Undesignated commercial areas developed organically over time.
urban:typology high_street Typically is an urban phenomenon found in the United Kingdom . It is used as a metonym for the concept of the primary business street of towns or cities especially to distinguish it from more concentrated city centres. In the context of Ng’ambo the northern part of the Mlandege Rd extending from the Michenzani roundabout towards Malawi Rd as well as parts of the Malawi Rd have been identified as an urban typology akin to the High Street concept.
urban:typology institutional_complex Areas characterized by high density of institutional buildings.
urban:typology low_density_suburban Predominantly residential urban areas found on the edges of the town.
urban:typology karume_new_town Urban areas developed as a part of President Karume’s rehabilitation project for Ng’ambo in 1960s and 1970s after the revolution in 1964.
urban:typology public_recreation Public parks, gardens, large open spaces and recreational grounds.
urban:typology limited_access_zone Areas of limited public access.

Applies to

Nodes, ways or areas.
Node, Way or Relation

Rendering

In general, these proposed values should be mapped in the same way as "building=yes", "urban=yes".

Features/Pages affected

The Key:building, Key:building:architecture and Key:urban (in proposal stage) pages will be affected. New Key:building:architecture:typology and Key:urban:typology pages will need to be created to cover those tags; including a few examples showing most typical and universal architectural and urban typologies plus the ones that are more specific.

Comments

Please add comments on the proposal here.

References

Please comment on the discussion page.