User:TagaSanPedroAko/Philippines Tagging/Power lines
This page focuses on mapping of power infrastructure in the Philippines. More information about the Philippines' power network can be found at WikiProject Power networks/Philippines. A list of electric utilities/cooperatives for tagging power-related infrastructure may be found WikiProject Power networks/Philippines/Operators.
- 1 Why map power infrastructure in the Philippines?
- 2 Power lines by voltage
- 3 Lines mapped, to be mapped, and still being mapped
- 4 Power features
- 5 Links to operator official websites
Why map power infrastructure in the Philippines?
Aside from being an ubiquitous sight, even on urban aread, power lines are very important infrastructure, and imagine where the power we use come from, that is, power plants, and flows into our houses, businesses, and factories via transmission, subtransmission, and distribution lines. Also, power lines are not mapped in detail in most of the Philippines, except in the majority of Luzon, which has a large grid, and on OpenStreetMap, even major transmission lines are missing, especially in most of Visayas and Mindanao, which have grid systems aldo. And, like the reason ianlopez1115 stated on his subpage for Philippine power line mapping, I also do not like power outages (brownouts, or blackouts), and mapping the power lines may help utilities and transmission line operator find the source of the outages by having a map of the power networks (though they have complete data for the systems being mapped and have the lines for system control).
Power lines by voltage
|Voltage class||Voltage||Image||Supports (pole/tower)||Description||Tags|
|Low voltage||220 (nominally 240, single phase)||poles||Two wire system, with one wire used as neutral. System commonly used for domestic distribution in most provinces. Supplied via single-phase pole-mounted transformer|
|220/440 volts (Split-phase)||Poles||Three cables or bare wires, with one wire serving as neutral. Common in private utility-owned systems.|
|220/380-440 volts split/three phase (nominally 240/415/480, three-phase high-leg delta)||Poles (rare)||Three or four wire grounded delta three-phase system, usually supplied from two pole-mounted transformers. Mostly used for larger commercial service.|
|Medium voltage||7620 volts (7.62 kV)||Poles||Standard voltage on most single-wire (single-phase) distribution lines, mostly cooperative-owned, but also used by Meralco on some areas, with the line fed by a 13.8 kV two or three-wire line.||minor_line|
|13,200 volts (13.2 kV)||Poles||Standard voltage on most two or three-wire distribution lines, mostly cooperative-owned, but also used by Meralco on some areas, like in southern Cavite, northern Bulacan, and Batangas City San Pascual in Batangas, and in parts of predominately 34.5/20 kV areas via substations. Lines of this voltage use one or two-cap pin insulators and two-cap strain insulators.||minor_line, cable|
|20,000 volts (20 kV)||Poles||Voltage for single-phase primary distribution lines, primarily in residential areas.||minor_line|
|34,500 volts (34.5 kV)||Poles||Standard voltage for two to three-wire distribution lines owned by Meralco in most areas. Sometimes, they can be insulated cables, mounted on poles, e.g. like when it cannot cross an obstacle on the level where they should pass, or placed underground, e.g. to avoid clutter on scenic locations.||minor_line, cable|
|High voltage||69,000 volts (69 kV)||Wooden, concrete or steel poles, with insulators hanging from crossbars or mounted on the pole itself, or sometimes, wooden, concrete, or steel H-frame towers.||Sub-transmission grid voltage. Usually single-circuit lines with 3 wires supported by strain insulators hanging from 2 or 3 crossbars mounted on poles. Primarily owned by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines and provincial electric cooperatives.|
|115, 000 volts (115 kV)||
||Typically sub-transmission voltage, primarily used by Meralco, but also used by NGCP on some transmission lines in Ilocos Region, supplying the main load centers power, and a few sub-transmission lines. Cables can be a single conductor or double-bundle. In the case of Meralco's subtransmission system, distribution lines may share the poles of the 115 kV lines through [a] cross-arm[s] and distribution transformers may be supported on the subtransmission poles.|
|138,000 volts||Lattice towers||Used on the Visayas and Mindanao grids.|
|Ultra high voltage||230, 000 volts (230 kV)||Lattice towers, or tubular steel towers (for aesthetic purposes in order to reduce visual impact on the surroundings)||Typically double or single-circuit lines. Conductors are usually double-bundle, but single conductor or quadruple-bundle are also used. Voltage is used as a "backbone" voltage on the Visayas and Mindanao grids, however, according to NGCP, the Mindanao 230 kV transmission backbone lines are still energized at 138 kV. Even Bing and Mapbox Satellite imagery of the terminal substations of those backbone lines have no evidence of 230/138 kV transformers.|
|350,000 volts (350 kV)||Towers (steel lattice)||Used on the Leyte-Luzon high voltage direct current transmission line/underwater cable (HVDC Leyte-Luzon)|
|500,000 volts (500 kV)||Lattice towers||Voltage for long distance high voltage AC "backbone" lines in Luzon, like the Dasmariñas-Alaminos (-Ilijan Power Plant) - Tayabas transmission line, Tayabas - San Jose del Monte transmission line, and the San Manuel - San Jose del Monte transmission lines. Lines are composed of quadruple-bundle conductors, supported on very tall towers, and phases are transposed on some places.|
More info about power line voltages can be seen at Classification of Powerlines.
Lines mapped, to be mapped, and still being mapped
Meralco, or Manila Electric Company which distributes electricity in Metro Manila and nearby provinces, operates a subtransmission system composed of lines between large transmission substations and distribution substations on areas it serves. Sub-transmission lines operated by Meralco are typically mounted on tall poles and are roadside for easy access by work vehicles, but a few run on allocated right-of-way, and mounted on both towers and poles. The voltage of subtransmission lines operated by Meralco are typically 115,000 volts, but 69,000 volts in a few places, like in Batangas City and northern Bulacan.
- Zapote - Mall of Asia Subtransmission Line (short stretch along CAVITEX and portion beside drainage canal in the Reclamation Area in Pasay)
- Zapote - Bacoor - Pamplona Subtransmission Line (only a stretch along Aria, CAVITEX, and Bacoor Exit/Longos Flyover added)
- Kamagong - NAIA Subtransmission Line (NAIA Substation and portions in Villamor and Nichols Interchange added, including portions shared by another subtransmission line, possibly called Sun Valley - NAIA Subtransmission Line using the names of the terminal substations)
- San Pedro - Pamplona Subtransmission Line (Still incomplete. Some segments in Las Piñas toward Pamplona substation added, but more are needed.)
- Pamplona - Ayala Alabang Subtransmission Line (only short portions added)
- Sucat - Filinvest City - Ayala Alabang Subtransmission Line (Mostly mapped, including cut-in Filinvest City Substation)
- Sucat - Parañaque Subtransmission Line (portions along Sucat Road added)
- Sucat - Sun Valley Subtransmission Line (portions in Sucat Road and East Service Road added)
- LIIP - Laguna Bel-Air - Laguna Technopark Subtransmission Line (LIIP - Laguna Bel-Air segment complete)
- Biñan - Linde - Balibago Subtransmission Line (portions added, including a tap to industrial substation serving Linde)
- Canlubang - FPIP - Los Baños - Calauan Subtransmission Line
- Calauan - San Pablo 1 Subtransmission Line
- Amadeo - Tagaytay West Subtransmission Line (only a few segments and sub-transmission poles added, but needs a relation)
- Kalayaan - Pililia Wind Farm - Malaya Subtransmission Line (portions in Laguna and Pililla Wind Farm, added)
- Dasmariñas - Silang 115 kV Line (portion near NGCP Dasmariñas and Meralco Silang substations added)
Most of this lines are found in areas served by Meralco where the sub-transmission grid voltage is 69,000 volts (69 kV), like in Batangas City and parts of Bulacan (Malolos, Calumpit, San Rafael, San Miguel)
- NGCP Batangas - Meralco Batangas City Subtransmission Line 1/2 (two parallel sub-transmission lines running along Jose P. Laurel Highway and Diversion Road. Line nearly complete)
- Meralco Batangas City - Bolbok - JG Summit Subtransmission Line (extended portion in Kumintang Ibaba)
- Malolos - Calumpit Subtransmission Line (portion near Malolos Substation added)
- NGCP Batangas - Meralco Batangas City 69 kV Line (complete)
- Batangas - Bolbok 69 kV Line (complete)
National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP)
The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (website: ngcp.ph), also known as NGCP, operates the main power grid that carries electricity from power plants to substations, before distribution to electric utility companies, like Meralco, Davao Light, and Visayas Electric Company, and provincial electric cooperatives. NGCP is formed as a private company given by the government-owned National Transmission Corporation (Transco) a 50-year concession to operate and develop the Philippine power grid. The transmission lines owned by NGCP have voltages of 115,000 volts DC, 138,000 volts AC, 230,000 volts AC, and 500,000 volts AC, but one line, the HVDC Leyte-Luzon, carries ±350,000 volts DC. NGCP also operates a subtransmission system, typically 69,000 volts, that brings electricity to cooperative/utility owned substations, although cooperatives/utilities may own and operate their own subtransmission lines, mostly constructed by themselves or divested from NGCP. NGCP's power grid is divided into three grids, the Luzon Grid, Visayas Grid, and Mindanao Grid, with only the former two interconnected, via the HVDC Leyte-Luzon, but as part of its plan, additional links between the three grids are being proposed and constructed.
69,000 volts (69 kV)
- Batangas - San Miguel Purefoods - Lafarge 69 kV Line (portions added in Batangas City, especially in Balagtas, Kumintang Ilaya and Ibaba, Libjo, San Isidro, and Tabangao-Ambulong)
- Bay - LIMA - Calamba 69 kV line (roadside portions in Bay and Santo Tomas added, formerly tagged minor_line, but should be used on the 20/34.5 kV or 7.62/13.2 kV distribution lines instead.
- Batangas - LIMA 69 kV Line 1 and 2 (only a few portions added, including one branch to Nestlé)
- Lipa - Santo Toribio 69 kV line (segments along Feliciano Leviste Highway added. Former portion of Lipa - LIMA 69 kV Line 1, split at tapping point. Transferred to BATELEC-II from NGCP)
- Lipa - LIMA 69 kV Line 2 (portion near Lipa Royale in Inosluba added. Transferred to LIMA Enerzone from NGCP)
115,000 volts (115 kV)
- San Esteban - Bantay Transmission Line
- Bantay - Currimao Transmission Line
- Currimao - Laoag Transmission Line
- Dasmarinas - CEPZA 115 kV Line
- Dasmarinas - Ternate 115 kV Line
138,000 volts (138 kV)
- Negros Geothermal - Bacolod Transmission Line
- Pulangi IV - Kibawe Transmission Line
- Pulangi IV - Bunawan Transmission Line (has a large gap on Marilog District, Davao City segment)
- Pulangi IV - Villanueva Transmission Line
230,000 volts (230 kV)
- Bauang - Balaoan - Sudipen - San Esteban Transmission Line (complete)
- Magat Dam - Santiago Transmission Line (complete, but needs relation)
- Santiago - Gamu Transmission Line (complete, but needs relation)
- Santiago - Bayombong Transmission Line (complete)
- Malaya - Taytay Transmission Line (complete)
- Calaca - Amadeo Transmission Line (complete, but has missing relation members)
- Calaca - Biñan Transmission Line (complete)
- Batangas - San Lorenzo/Santa Rita Transmission Line (complete)
- San Lorenzo/Santa Rita - Calaca Transmission Line
- Tayabas - Gumaca Transmission Line (not yet added)
- Pagbilao 1 - Tayabas Transmission Line (not yet added)
- Naga - Tayabas Transmission Line (not yet added)
- Tiwi - Naga Transmission Line (not yet added)
- Tiwi - Daraga - Naga Transmission Line (not yet added)
- Bacman Geothermal - Daraga Transmission Line (not yet added)
500,000 volts (500 kV)
- Dasmariñas - Ilijan - Tayabas Transmission Line (complete, need to merge existing relations)
- Tayabas - San Jose Del Monte Transmission Line (has gap near Tanay, Rizal)
- San Manuel - San Jose Del Monte Transmission Line (complete, but missing relation)
This section shows tags for power-related infrastructure, like power plants (also called power stations), generators, substations, transmission lines and towers, utility poles, distribution lines, and transformers.
- Power plants/stations=power=plant. Do not tag them as power=station.
- Transmission towers=power=tower. Add the tower designs and types if possible. Tubular or solid towers, excluding such structures used for subtransmission voltages (115 or 69 kV), which are considered poles instead (except for multipolar structures, which are considered towers)are also counted as towers, just tag them as normal towers with the structure=* tag. power=pole will soon be used for tagging subtransmission poles (see below), with the exception of multipolar structures.
- Subtransmission and distribution poles=power=pole. Tag their height, design, material, operator, and other details (e.g. guy wires are present, uses strain insulators, or has street lights), if possible.
- Transformers=power=transformer. Tag the type, phases, rating and voltages if possible. For pole-mounted transformers, please tag as power=pole with transformer=distribution, plus other tags mentioned on the previous sentence if possible.
- Transmission lines (115/138 kV and above)=power=line (If undersea cable, tag as power=cable
- Sub-transmission lines (69 to 115 kV)=power=line. This tagging is preferred over power=minor_line, as in this case, should be reserved for lines with voltages below 50 kV.
- Distribution lines (220/440 V split-phase to 13.8-34.5 kV)=power=minor_line. If it is an overhead or underground insulated cable, tag as power=cable, plus relevant information, like circuits, voltage, and location.
- Distribution circuits=type=route and route=power. Tag circuit references with ref=*. Distribution circuit references can be found in outgoing distribution lines at a substation (especially when feeders transition from underground cables in the substation), insulated overhead cable bundles, and disconnector switches).
Transmission tower designs may be tagged using the design=* tag
|Three-level tower||Tower with cross-arms on three levels. This design is common on most transmission lines usually double-circuit, but also used occasionally on single-circuit lines. Towers or poles with "armless" construction (insulators mounted on the tower/pole itself and functions also as a cross-arm), but with insulators placed on both sides, should be tagged as such.||design=three-level|
|Delta tower||Tower with a cross-arm supported on a Y-shaped structure. This is usually used on single-circuit lines with voltages pf 230 and 115 kV.|
|H-frame towers||Towers composed of 2 or more poles and a cross-arm. This is used on 115 kV or 69 kV lines which usually use poles with approximate heights of 18 to 20 m.|
Rendering of substations
This section shows renderings of some electric substations in the Philippines using Maperitive rules (made by polderrunner).
Blue lines - 115 kV sub-transmission lines, White borders - Busbars, Red dots - Switches, Two circles - 115 kV/34.5 kV transformers, Thin green lines - 34.5 kV disribution lines
Red lines - 500 kV transmission lines, Green lines - 230 kV transmission lines, Blue lines - 115 kV subtransmission lines (NGCP/Meralco), White borders - Busbars, Red dots - Switches, Two circles - 500/230 kV, 230/115 kV, and 115 kV/34.5 kV transformers
Grid network maps
This section shows renderings of the grid network in the Philippines (including sub-transmission networks owned by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippine and electric companies/cooperatives) using Maperitive rules (made by polderrunner). But, maps here will be divided in the province level
Links to operator official websites
- National Grid Corporation of the Philippines, the transmission system operator for the main grid network
- National Power Corporation, which own the transmission system in off-grid islands through the Small Power Utilities Group (SPUG), which owns generation facilities in such areas.
- Meralco, a Metro Manila-based utility that serves Metro Manila, the whole of Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, most part of Laguna, parts of Quezon and Batangas, and some barangays in Candaba, Pampanga
- Batangas II Electric Cooperative, a cooperative based in Lipa that serves the eastern part of Batangas, including a few remote barangays in Batangas City.