WikiProject Iraq

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Iraq, Asia

latitude: 33.20, longitude: 44.26
Browse map of Iraq 33°12′00″ N, 44°15′36″ E
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Iraq is a Country in Asia at latitude 33°12′00″ North, longitude 44°15′36″ East.

أساسيات العلامات

يشرح العلامات الأساسية باللغة العربية Ar:Map_Features
يشرح أسماء بلغات متعددة Ar:Key:name

You can help!

There are a lot of things you can help with in Iraq, either in person or mapping remotely.

  • Many major highways are missing. Connecting towns and villages to each other is still on the to do list.
  • Very few waterways are drawn, including the major ones.
  • Huge amount of villages are marked as multiple points and require deduplication.

Highway/Roads classification in Iraq

  • Mashreq international road
  • E1 runs to Mosul in the north (highway=motorway).
  • Numbers 1-12 radiate in clockwise order from Baghdad (highway=primary).

Boundaries (proposal)

 Administrative divisions of the country - proposed 09/2016 by User:Øukasz

العَرَبِيَّة‎‎ - Arabic - central and southern Iraq سۆرانی - Kurdish (Sorani) - northern Iraq English Proposed OSM place Proposed OSM admin_level
level urban rural urban rural urban rural urban rural
1 محافظة [Muhafaza] پارێزگا [Parezga] Governorate province 4
2 قضاء [Qadha] قه‌زا  [Qaza] District district 6
3 ناحية [Nahya] ناحيه‌  [Nahiya] Subdistrict municipality 7
4 حي [Hay] مقاطعة [Mukata'a]* گه‌ڕه‌ك [Garak] كه‌رت [Kart] Quarter County borough county 8
5 محلة [Mahalla] قرية [Qarya] does not exist گوند [Gund] Neighbourhood Village neighbourhood village 9

*Mukata'a is a subdivision of a nahya for agricultural purposes, ignoring urban areas and therefore not lining up with hay and mahalla division. Still, qaryas can be said they fall inside mukata'as.

To add to the confusion, many new city boroughs across the country are developer gated communities that sometimes are called 'Italian village' or 'Lebanese village'.

This is explained in 2009 census methodology. Relatively recent list of units at levels 1-3 is available on this Iraq's Central Statistics Office page, but there have been some changes made locally, particularly at level 3, that have not been reflected yet by the central administration.

Current implementation in OSM

admin_level= Type Progress Source
2 National boundary Done
3 Iraqi Kurdistan (Arbil, Duhok, Sulaymaniyah) region
4 governorates (muḥāfażah) [[1]]
6 districts (or qadhas) [[2]]
7 sub-districts (or nahyas) Wikimedia Commons
9 Administrative districts in Baghdad** Done. [[3]]
10 Neighbourhoods in Baghdad** Done [[4]]

** These boundaries, currently marked as levels 9 and 10, actually refer to 2003 or so qadha and nahya. Since then, they have been subdivided into many, many more - the actual count of units at each level may have as much as tripled. See comment above about on-the-ground administrative changes that are not reflected in any central dataset.

Governorate boundaries for Iraq added from ['s] ESRI shape file.

Place names (proposal for handling multiple names and multiple languages)

Many of the placenames have been renamed once or more over the last decades. It is common in official sources to refer to such as New Placename (Old Placename).

It is common for the same name to be recycled and applied for multiple places (villages, city quarters/suburbs), however usually not within the same governorate.

There are cases where a village or a city quarter is named according to origin of people inhabiting it, so there may be a quarter in a city called after another governorate, district, or a city.

There are multiple languages used in Iraq. Two official languages are Arabic and Central Kurdish (Sorani), both written in Arabic script. In many pockets of various ethnic groups additional languages are used: Syriac/Neo-Aramaic ('suret' - locally referred to as 'christian language') which uses Syriac script, Azeri ('Turkomen') in Latin and Arabic scripts, Northern Kurdish (Kurmanji) in Arabic and Latin scripts, and others. In areas of mixed ethnicities it is common for a village or town to have a name in each of multiple languages - often these names sound completely different, so they are not the same names in multiple scripts. City and street name signs throughout the country often feature Latin transcriptions of those, usually inconsistent - meaning the same name can be spelled differently on various signs (e.g. Sulaymaniya, Sulemaniyah, Slemani).

The OSM's very flexible data model can be used to accommodate all of these. Here is an example town with multiple name tags, including various transliterations:

tag value notes
name ܒܓܕܝܕܐ‎ Although not the most widespread name, and not the one used by the central government, this one is in the language spoken by most of he population according to the Wikipedia
name:ar الحمدانية
name:ar-Latn Al Hamdaniya
alt_name:ar-Latn Al Hamdaniyah;

Al Hamdaniyyah;

Al Hamdaniyya

various transliterations to facilitate search
name:ckb قرة قوش
name:ckb-Latn Qaraqosh
alt_name:ckb-Latn Qara Qosh;


Kara Kosh

name:syr ܒܓܕܝܕܐ‎
name:syr-Latn Bakhdida
alt_name:syr-Latn Baghdede; Bakhdide
name:en Bakhdida Latin transliteration of the main name tag. It would be nice to choose a standard one. Examples include UNGEGN, ALA-LC, and others.
official_name:ar مركز قضاء الحمدانية Only in Arabic, as there isn't an official translation/transliteration authority in Iraq. This actually says "Al Hamdaniya district centre", also indicating the administrative status of the town.

Major cities in Iraq

Relation Map of hires data (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx)

City English
Progress. what? who?
Al Hillah map most roads traced from Yahoo
دهوك Dahuk good coverage
-هه‌ولێر-أربيل Arbil(Erbil or Hawler) map many streets mapped
-سلێمانی-السليمانية Sulaymani(As-Sulaymāniyyah or Sulaimani) map some streets mapped
بغداد Baghdad map near 100% tracing of streets from Yahoo.
بصرة Basrah map near 100% tracing of streets from Yahoo
كركوك Kirkuk map many streets mapped
Mosul map many streets mapped
Najaf map some streets mapped
كربلاء Kerbala map moderate coverage
رمادي Ramadi map good coverage
بعقوبة Baquba map moderate coverage
الكوت Kut map good coverage
الديوانية Al Diwaniya map good coverage
العمارة‎ Al Amrah map basic coverage
الناصرية Nasiriya map moderate coverage

Quality controls

Ongoing Projects

This imagery is from Digital Globe’s GeoEye-1 satellite, and is made up of images taken on December 8th 2014. The images are orthorectified for terrain corrected geographic precision. Additionally, the images have been contrast stretched using a custom stretch and processed into a Tiled Map Service (TMS) for performance. Please be careful of the shift between Bing imagery and this TMS; so don't duplicate information ! You need to align TMS position to Bing imagery position (or existing road network). Do add this on your changeset comment, when using this imagery: #MapGive Source=GeoEye-1, DigitalGlobe, NextView, 08 Dec 2014

You could as well use Bing imagery as an other (but older) information source if you have doubts with DG imagery. But keep in mind that DG imagery is the reference.