WikiProject Power networks/Philippines
This page aims to coordinate the efforts of mapping electricity-related objects in the Philippines.
Power Grid Status
Most power transmission lines are owned and/or operated by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines, while power generating sites are owned by various companies. It is currently divided into three grids: the Luzon Power Grid, the Visayas Power Grid, and the Mindanao Power Grid. They are further subdivided into dozens of transmission lines, which carry up to 500 kilo volts of energy.
Minor lines are mostly operated by utilities, like Meralco (Manila Electric Company), and local electric cooperatives/companies, which also operate transmission lines (actually sub-transmission lines) between substations within their power networks and the main power grid by NGCP. The minor lines feed power from the substations to residential and industrial users (although some industrial users also feed power from the transmission lines operated by utilities or local electric cooperatives/companies).
National Grid Corporation of the Philippines
operator=National Grid Corporation of the Philippines
The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP), a private company given a 50-year concession to operate and expand the Philippine power grid, operates most transmission lines in the Philippines. NGCP-owned transmission lines, with voltages of 69 kV, 115 kV, 138 kV, 230 kV, 350 kV DC, and 500 kV, connects power plants with its substations, and feeds them to utility/cooperative owned substations via sub-transmission lines (69 kV and 115 kV), although the utilities/cooperatives may own their own sub-transmission lines in addition to NGCP's, so, substations may accommodate increasing loads and provide an alternate path for electricity in case the NGCP lines are shut down or damaged.
Meralco also operates a network of transmission lines, called sub-transmission lines, that uses either 115 kV or 69 kV. The sub-transmission lines feed power from large substations mainly operated by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines to Meralco's distribution substations, which may serve a part of a city or municipality or even a whole city/municipality. Occasionally, sub-transmission lines may feed power from a power plant or link to a substation that serves a large industrial customer.
TODO: Add more guidelines on mapping power facilities and power lines
- Power generators/power plants are sometimes called "power stations". Do not tag them as power=station. Instead, tag them as power=plant. The generators inside would get the power=generator tag.
- Power stations are individually named (in most cases) and are called "substations" (e.g. "San Jose del Monte Substation"). Do not tag them as power=sub_station. Instead, tag them as power=substation.
- Sub-transmission lines (69 kV to 115 kV, except for two lines in Ilocos Region, which are transmission lines instead) mounted on tubular steel, concrete, or wood poles, usually shared with minor power lines and telephone/cable television lines, like those owned by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines, Meralco and some electric cooperatives/companies on most provinces, are to tagged as power=tower(usually for H-frames and lattice structures) or power=pole(for most structures) and the specific tower or pole design, commonly flag, triangular, H-frame, or asymmetrical, depending on the arrangement of the cables and insulators on the pole, whether the insulators are mounted on a cross-arm or on the pole itself. Some utility poles have designs other than the usual cross-arm mounted insulator type, like flag, triangular, or asymmetrical (with insulators mounted on the pole or on an adaptor made from cross-arms typically found on most poles) but they should be tagged with power=pole. Insulators or cross-arms only carrying ground wires should not be considered when tagging design of a sub-transmission pole or utility pole.
- Power lines below 69 kV (e.g. 20 kV) should be mapped as power=minor_line. If line has voltages higher than 69 kV, they should be mapped as power=line. The frequency of the power grid in the Philippines is 60 Hz, except high-voltage direct current, like the HVDC Luzon Leyte, which should be tagged with frequency=0, used to mark HVDC or DC contact lines or third rail used for railways and rapid transit systems.
Here is a list of some common voltages used in power lines in the Philippines
|220/440||Typical voltage on secondary distribution lines (split-phase from pole-mounted transformers, or rarely, distribution substations). Primarily used in houses and establishments that do not require three-phase appliances, like small businesses.||
|220/380||Three-phase secondary distribution voltage, usually used to feed large commercial users.||
|220/380/440||Three-phase voltage used for high-leg delta systems.||*Voltages are 220/440 volts split-phase for ordinary appliances and lighting, 440 volts three-phase for larger appliances, and 380 volt high-leg voltage.
|13200||Standard three-phase distribution line voltage by many electric cooperatives. May be found under a 69 kV subtransmission line as a feeder.||
|34500||Standard distribution voltage used by Meralco||*Can be either two-phase or three-phase
|69000||Typical subtransmission line voltage by NGCP and many provincial electric cooperatives. Also used by Meralco on subtransmission line in Bulacan and Batangas City and the Meralco-owned Clark Electric Distribution Company (CEDC) serving Clark Freeport.||
|115000||Standard subtransmission voltage by Meralco, especially on Metro Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Rizal and most of Bulacan. Used also by NGCP on some subtransmission line near Metro Manila and transmission lines in Ilocos Region.||*Usually mounted on insulators on single poles, either wood,concrete, or steel and with or without cross-arms, but H-frame towers or lattice towers are also used.
|138000||Typical voltage of NGCP transmission lines in Visayas and Mindanao.|
|230000||Typical voltage of NGCP transmission line in Luzon.|
Power lines mapped
TODO: Add more power lines
|Name of Transmission Line||Link to relation||Originating Point||Terminating point|
|Biñan-Dasmariñas Transmission Line||1524350 (x p i j h a m r)||Biñan Substation||Dasmariñas Substation|
|Biñan-Sucat Transmission Line||1524351 (x p i j h a m r)||Sucat Power Station||Biñan Substation|
|MakBan-Calauan-Kalayaan Transmission Line||1407254 (x p i j h a m r)||Makban Geothermal Power Plant||Kalayaan Hydroelectric Power Plant|
|Alaminos-Tayabas Transmission Line||2405491 (x p i j h a m r)||Alaminos||Tayabas Substation|
|Alaminos-Dasmariñas Transmission Line||2405524 (x p i j h a m r)||Dasmariñas Substation||Alaminos|
|Ilijan-Alaminos Transmission Line||2405751 (x p i j h a m r)||Ilijan Power Plant||Alaminos|
|MakBan-Batangas Transmission Line||1407227 (x p i j h a m r)||Makban Geothermal Power Plant||Batangas Power Substation|
|San Jose-Tayabas Transmission Line||2442269 (x p i j h a m r)||Tayabas Power Substation||San Jose del Monte Power Substation|
|San Manuel-Concepcion-Mexico Transmission Line||1447951 (x p i j h a m r)||San Manuel Substation||Mexico Substation|
|Mexico-Hermosa Transmission Line||1459152 (x p i j h a m r)||Mexico Substation||Hermosa Substation|
|Hermosa-Balintawak Transmission Line||6966521 (x p i j h a m r)||Hermosa Substation||Balintawak Substation|
|Hermosa-Limay Transmission Line||6756605 (x p i j h a m r)||Hermosa Substation||Limay Substation|
|Limay-Hermosa Transmission Line||156802419 (x p i j h)||Limay Substation||Hermosa Substation|
|Limay-GNPower Transmission Line||250027678 (x p i j h)||Limay Substation||GNPower Mariveles Coal Power Plant|
|Hermosa-San Jose Transmission Line||6817263 (x p i j h a m r)||Hermosa Substation||San Jose del Monte Power Substation|
|Mexico-Balintawak Transmission Line||6908495 (x p i j h a m r)||Mexico Substation||Balintawak Substation|
|Hermosa-Olongapo Transmission Line||7012766 (x p i j h a m r)||Hermosa Substation||Olongapo Substation|
|San Jose del Monte-Balintawak Transmission Line||6678059 (x p i j h a m r)||San Jose del Monte Power Substation||Balintawak Substation|
|Bay-Biñan Transmission Line||6847442 (x p i j h a m r)||Bay Substation||Biñan Substation|
|Limay-PPDC Transmission Line|| 7085142 (x p i j h a m r)
7085143 (x p i j h a m r)
|Limay Substation||PPDC Park|
|SMC Power Plant-Limay Transmission Line|| 7085128 (x p i j h a m r)
7085127 (x p i j h a m r)
|San Miguel Consolidated Power Plant||Limay Substation|
|Limay-FAB Transmission Line||6903271 (x p i j h a m r)||Limay Substation||Barangay Malaya, FAB Compound|
|Orion-BNPP Transmission Line||6824330 (x p i j h a m r)||Hermosa-Limay Transmission Line, Calungusan, Orion, Bataan||Bataan Nuclear Power Plant|
|Name of Transmission Line||Link to relation||Originating Point||Terminating point|
|Bacolod-Kabankalan Transmission Line||1524342 (x p i j h a m r)||Bacolod Substation||Kabankalan Substation|
|Negros Geothermal - Bacolod Transmission Line||Negros Geothermal Power Plant||Bacolod Substation|
Power stations/substations mapped
TODO: Add power stations/substations