Human geography

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


The Oxford dictionary defines human geography as the branch of geography that deals with how human activities affect or is influenced by earth’s surface. In that respect human geography is an extremely broad field and collection of human geography data is conducted using contrasting philosophical positions such as naturalism and anti-naturalism and realism and idealism. It is not an easy task to study entire earth. luckily geography has split into two branches that are: physical geography, that studies natural phenomenon whereas human geography looks at the behavior and impact of the people of how they relate the world.

Human Geography and Disasters

To manage and tackle the Disasters which may cause large amount of loss on the society we need spatial data which have the information about the human and it's relation with society. We want to map spatial features of disasters. Normally this means where a specific event occurred on/in earth. The absolute location of the feature or event (examples are fault lines, hurricane tracks, earthquake epicentre, flood basin, damaged building footprint) however, there is also spatial patterns to disasters especially those that deal with human interactions, culture and places. Spatial pattern can also be very much useful for the prevention of disasters and prompt action. Human geography tries to understand these spatial patterns and manage disasters in a manner that both understands that disasters are an aspect that shapes our society as well situations that can be contained and its impact lessened.

Disasters, Human Geography & it's Role

Communication and Media Use

Radio channels can play a primary role, as they have an outreach to most remote areas. The media contribution can lead to the development of a more robust community, which is more aware and educated about disaster preparedness and mitigation.

  • Radio Stations
  • Cell Phone Towers
  • Electricity Poles
  • Print Media (print media is generally viewed as more reliable by people)
  • Wireless Disaster Recovery Networks or Radio Access Networks
    • Requires at least a few Base Stations to be at working level
    • Or Shelter Communication Systems
  • CCTV camera locations


It related to certain sector of population.

  • Composition of Household (Men, Women and Children)
  • Size of Household
  • Age composition (ward, city and district)


Economy plays a vital role in the human geography. It examines the relationship between human economic system and various other factors in the state. When we talk about economy we basically connect it with money: money from banks, ATM etc. In OSM we include the economic in the way shown in the table below.

Key  Value
amenity bank
name name of bank
name:ne nepali name of bank
opening hours
atm yes/no
phone phone number of bank
nrb_class commercial/ development/ finance/ co-operative
operator name of bank
website website id of bank
email email id of bank
contact:fax fax number of bank


Education develops logic in a person i.e the ability to reason, ability to think, ability to create.


It is the feeling of belonging to a certain culture or society having common tradition and cultural belief. It studies about how culture, religion,language vary throughout the world.

Groups and Organizations

Health and Medical

Geography and health are related terms. Health geography is a study of human geography that deals with the interaction between people in a society and society itself. The study of human geography is influenced by the biological and cultural diversity, society, behavior and as a whole is greatly influenced by social,economical, psychological and physical aspects.

Health geography under human geography is concerned with the health of and individual and different disease affecting the health.




Significant Events


Transportation geography examines flows of people, goods, and information as well as their relationships with the urban, economic, social, political, and cultural aspects of human society.  Without efficient transportation services, global economy would not have been possible, daily commuting would be difficult, and cultural and social interactions would be limited.

Water Supply and Control