|sport = climbing|
|Marks elements to represent natural climbing sites (climbing areas, sectors, crags, halls, frozen waterfalls, etc.) or artificial climbs (climbing walls, indoor climbing etc.)|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: in use|
|Tools for this tag|
The tag sport=climbing marks elements to represent natural climbing sites (climbing areas, sectors, crags, halls, frozen waterfalls, etc.) or artificial climbs (climbing walls, Indoor climbing etc.). To be able to map finer details like single routes, pitches etc., Proposed features/Climbing exists.
Here, also meta data like amount of routes, grades, links to operators/topos etc. are considerd to enable a wide range of use of the data, e.g. a search for rocks matching user defined criteria (distance, grade, bolting, route length etc.).
Note: For JOSM an according extension of the preset is suggested in ticket 16525. Until this is included in released JOSM versions, the preset attached to the ticket can be saved locally and be imported manually into JOSM.
- Rock climbing
- Tagging discussion in the english or german forum.
- playground=climbingwall (typically without the sport tag) for small climbing walls for children, often on playgrounds
- High ropes course proposal
- via ferrata proposal - Via ferrata
natural=bare_rockwhere bedrock becomes visible,
natural=clifffor steep natural drop in terrain topography,
natural=stonefor glacial erratics or rock fall not connected to the bedrock,
natural=rockfor isolated, notable rock features connected to the bedrock
In contrast to this tag, Proposed features/Climbing focuses on description of detailed information like single routes, which
- is quickly reaching the limits of current, two dimensional hard- and software for mapping, map display etc.
- will usually not be rendered on maps because it horizontally stretches only minimal, which raises several questions like: Relevance of routes? What shall OSM contain? Purpose?
- means a huge amount of elements that have to be tagged, so a long time is required to accumulate the critical mass making the data set useful
- makes it more difficult to agree on a suiting tagging convention, because a big amount of variances exist
This scheme should be preferably applied to nodes for artificial climbing walls. It may be applied to ways in conjunction with natural=cliff or areas for climbing halls with building=yes. The scheme also applies to boulders attached to bedrock natural=rock and free standing boulders natural=stone.
The most important, basic tags to describe a climbing site:
|Tag = Value||Description|
|sport=climbing||Climbing is possible here.|
|name=*||Name of the crag/climbing hall/boulder, if applicable.|
In combination with building=yes or similar it is indoors, otherwise outdoors, for example on a playground.
If any of those tags is not stated explicitly, it defaults to 'no'.
To facilitate good multi tagging, it shall be easier to have one tag for each climbing style. In theory, it is possible that the amount of tags massively grows, but in practice a hand full of tags shall suffice (if appropriate, summarizing). The list of wikipedia:Climbing serves as first indication.
|climbing:boulder=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Bouldering is possible.|
|climbing:sport=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Sport_climbing (relies on permanent, fixed anchors) is possible.|
|climbing:toprope=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Top rope climbing (approach at the route top and letting the rope down) is possible. Fixed or natural anchors may be placed at the top, but routes may not have protection for leading.|
|climbing:trad=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Traditional climbing (no fixed anchors, gear has to be placed by yourself) is possible. Cannot be expressed by climbing:bolted=no if a climbing site also offers sport climbing.|
|climbing:multipitch=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||There are multi-pitch routes.|
|climbing:ice=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Icefalls or the like enable Ice climbing. In contrast to mixed climbing, no rock climbing is involved here.|
|climbing:mixed=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||mixed climbing on partially iced rocks is possible.|
|climbing:deepwater=*||yes / no / <Number of routes>||Steep cliffs with deep enough water below permit Deep-Water-Soloing.|
As only a crag or region but no individual routes are tagged in this scheme, we have to specify a difficulty, aid or danger range from easiest to most difficult route. The main character of a climbing area is tagged using mean.
Numerous grading systems eixst. Map the usual one(s) for the climbing spot, i.e. commonly used ones - grades in other systems can be derived by conversion. In this tagging scheme, you can use any system by deriving the key from the system's name or acronym similar to the following examples.
|minimum/maximum/average grade according to the UIAA grading system, e.g. 1-, 1, 1+, 2-, 2 etc.|
|minimum/maximum/average grade according to the french grading system, e.g. 4, 5a, 5b etc. Here, we do not distinguish between bouldering (FB) and climbing.|
|minimum/maximum/average grade according to the saxon grading system, e.g. VI, VIIa, VIIb etc, predominantly used in the Saxon Switzerland, Germany|
|...aid...||A0 to A5 for aid routes (DE: Technisches Klettern)|
|...hueco...||V-scale used with bouldering in the United States.|
|...yds_class...||Yosemite Decimal System class|
Above information just tells that and how climbing is possible at a site. Everyone is happy about additional information. Here some suggestions:
|climbing:bolted=*||yes / no / <average bolt distance in meters>||Are there fixed anchors? If so, what is their average distance (by default in meter, other units overview)? Provides a first indication how well the routes are secured.|
|climbing:length=*||Average, minimum and maximum length of routes in meters (for other units refer to units overview).
May significantly differ from wall height for roofs or slanted walls. This values is important for deciding, which rope to take.
|Orientation of the rock/wall face. Helps to asses at what hour of the day it might be sunny and how long it takes a wall to get dry after rain. If the cliffs are also tagged, too, this information may be derived but tagging still gives a quicker overview and limits to the climbable parts fo cliffs.|
|Quality of the rock/ice.|
|For rock climbing this tag describes the kind of rock available. This information is irrelevant for e.g. ice climbing.|
|climbing:routes=*||Positive integer number||Amount of routes on this crag (if not tagged in the climbing styles).|
|climbing:summit_log=*||yes||The climbing feature has a route / summit log (summit register, de:Gipfelbuch). This tag is clearer in describing the purpose than summit:register=yes.|
|ele=*||Average elevation (height above sea level) at the bottom of the routes in meters. This is not the length of a route or the elevation of the route's top end.|
|yes / no||Artificial climbing structures can have routes indoor, outdoor or both. Natural climbs may be placed inside caves. In the absence of this tag, outdoor should be assumed as default.|
|website=*||URL||Official website, e.g. operator|
|url=*||URL||Unofficial website with useful information like topos|
|Artificial walls often have fixed opening hours. For rocks there might be restrictions due to breeding beards, etc.|
|fee=*||yes / no / interval||Artificial walls or climbing halls may charge an entrance fee, natural climbing sites may require a membership in a club (may be day based).|
A pictogram for Rock climbing
An icon for Rock/Sports climbing and bouldering
An icon for Rock/Sports climbing
Joshua Tree National Park Climbing Illusion Dweller 5.10b route on The Sentinel Rock at The Real Hidden Valey.
Climber on Stem Gem a classic V4 boulder problem in Joshua Tree National Park in Hidden Valley Campground
Like other specialised sports, these tags are not rendered on the general map. Therefore, these engines visualise them:
- http://openclimbingmap.bstegmaier.de/#14/48.3943/9.7821 (live data through openpass API; only for zoom levels 12 and up)
- http://martinkoeller.github.io/ClimbingMap/example1.html (manually synced data; current data: 11-05-2014; all zoom levels)
- https://tsac.climbing.nl/map?layers=4 (almost live data (cached for 24 hours); all zoom levels)
- https://openbeta.io (manually synced data as of April-18-2017. Auto-sync Draft proposal)
- Climb The World and android app that will display individual climbing routes.
The following renderer display these tags