Key:gnis:feature_id

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Public-images-osm logo.svg gnis:feature_id
United States Board on Geographic Names logo.png
Description
Identifier from the United States Board on Geographic Names Edit or translate this description.
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesmay be used on waysmay be used on areasmay be used on relations
Useful combination
Wikidata
Status: unspecified

A GNIS feature ID is a permanent, unique identifier for a feature in the Geographic Names Information Service (GNIS) database. GNIS is the U.S. federal government's authoritative gazetteer. It contains an entry for each named place or point of interest recognized by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names within U.S. territory, based on submissions from federal, state, and local government agencies as well as from the general public through The National Map Corps.

Rationale

GNIS feature IDs are an ANSI national standard and INCITS industry standard. They are used throughout the U.S. federal government, having officially superseded the previous system of FIPS codes in 2008. [1]

Most uses of this tag and its synonyms were introduced as part of imports of U.S. federal government data, especially from GNIS itself. Unlike other imported tags such as gnis:created=* and gnis:import_uuid=*, gnis:feature_id=* is meaningful beyond the import. In fact, some mappers actively add gnis:feature_id=* to features to cite a verifiable source for the POI's existence or its name.

Managing existing tags

When converting a GNIS POI to a landuse or building area, copy the gnis:feature_id=* tag to the new area to preserve the link to external details.

If a local POI has moved, you can use look up the feature ID to find its current coordinates.

Some local POIs may no longer correspond to a real-world facility, because there is no automated process for synchronizing OSM with the GNIS database after the initial import in 2009. Moreover, since October 2014, the USGS no longer actively updates local POIs in GNIS apart from changes submitted through The National Map Corps. If a real-world POI has been demolished, delete the POI from OSM including the gnis:feature_id=* tag.

If a facility has closed or been repurposed but the building still stands, the GNIS feature ID remains valid, so it is acceptable (but less important) to leave the gnis:feature_id=* tag in place. (Some old schools, firehouses, and covered bridges have landed on national or state registers of historic buildings, which you can indicate using heritage=* tags.)

Note that updates to GNIS-imported features in OSM will not automatically be reflected in GNIS, in part because OSM's license is incompatible with the requirement that all U.S. federal government works be released into the public domain. If you want your updates to be reflected in GNIS, you will need to crosspost your changes to The National Map Corps via their online editor. (Only crosspost changes you author yourself; do not indiscriminately copy ODbL-licensed data over to that public domain project.)

Finding a feature ID

Use the GNIS domestic query form to find the entry for a particular place or local POI.

Alternatively, you can search for parks in Wikidata. Most GNIS park features are included in Wikidata and tagged with a P590 (GNIS ID) statement. You can also indicate the Wikidata identifier itself using the wikidata=* key.

Synonyms

Tag Remarks Usage
gnis:id=* some of these came from a 2007 import of populated places, some came from NHD imports
tiger:PLACENS=* from a 2009 import of TIGER places
NHD:GNIS_ID=* NHD imports in some states
nhd:gnis_id=* NHD imports in some states
ref:gnis=* Encouraged by some JOSM relation templates

See also

  • ref:nrhp=*, another U.S.-specific external identifier, used in conjunction with the National Register of Historic Places

External links