Tag:highway=living_street

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Public-images-osm logo.svg highway = living_street
Spielstrasse.jpg
Description
Road with very low speed limits and other pedestrian friendly traffic rules
Group: Highways
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodesmay be used on waysshould not be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Implies
Useful combination
Wikidata
Status: in use

The highway=living_street tag is used to tag living streets or other implementations of shared space. These type of roads have lower speed limits, and special traffic and parking rules compared to streets tagged using residential). A general feature of this type of road is, that the legislation either grants pedestrians the right of way over or at equal rights to other road users. The implicit speed limits set in legislation vary from "walking speed" up to 20 km/h, in some countries, the speed limit is given explicitly on the sign.

Terms for these street vary considerably around the world and include Home Zone (UK), Erf/Woonerf (Netherlands/Flanders), Verkehrs­beruhigter Bereich (Germany), Begegnungszone (Switzerland). See the table below for details on the names and the legislations.

How to map

Create a simple way and tag it with highway=living_street and with name=*. If there is no explicit speed limit given on the living street sign, you do not need to add an explicit maxspeed=* tag, because the speed limit is implicit according to the legislation of the country.

For example:

Rendering

Like a residential street, but filled with light grey.

National specialities

Country Name maxspeed= Special traffic rules Reference
Australia Shared Zone 10 (can vary) Give way to pedestrians Shared_Zone
Austria Wohnstraße

Begegnungszone

Schrittgeschwindigkeit[1]höchstens 20[2] Give way to pedestrians and bicyclists; no transit traffic except for bicycles; exceptions e.g. for fire brigade or waste disposal; parking only in marked spaces; if exiting the "Wohnstraße" you have to give way (yield sign not present); it is always legal to cycle against the oneway direction Wohnstraße
Belarus Жилая зона (Zhilaya zona) 20[3] Give way to pedestrians and bicyclists. No transit traffic. No 'name' tag
Неименованный проезд к домам. Пешеходы имеют преимущество. Транзитный проезд запрещен. Жилая зона − территория, въезды на которую и выезды с которой обозначены дорожными знаками ”Жилая зона“ и ”Конец жилой зоны“, а также дворовая территория, прилегающая к жилой застройке.[4]
Правила дорожного движения Республики Беларусь
Belgium Woonerf/Zone résidentielle 20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians; pedestrians can use the entire road; special rules for parking a car Woonerf
Bosnia and Herzegovina Zona smirenog saobraćaja walking speed
Bulgaria 'Жилищна зона' (Zhilishtna zona) 20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians. Pedestrians can use the entire road. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic. Parking allowed only on marked places. If exiting the "Zhilishtna zona" you have to give way.
Croatia Područje smirenog prometa 10
Czech Republic Obytná zóna 20 doesn't exist yet
Denmark 'Opholds- og legeområde' / Sivegade 15 Pedestrians may use the entire road; drivers must give way to pedestrians; parking only in marked spaces Bekendtgørelse om Vejafmærkning
Estonia Õueala 20 (or walking speed if pedestrians are nearby) Give way to pedestrians. The engine must be turned off after two minutes of parking. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic. Pedestrians can use the entire road. No transit traffic.
Finland Pihakatu 20 Favors pedestrians, cars must give way. Parking allowed only on marked places. Speed "adapted to pedestrians and not exceed 20". Pihakatu
France 'Zone de rencontre'
'Cour urbaine'
20 Drivers must give way to pedestrians; pedestrians can use the entire road. Introduced in 2008. Zone de rencontre
Germany Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich (colloquial Spielstraße) Schrittgeschwindigkeit Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked places. On exiting the road drivers have to give way (yield sign not present) Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich
Hungary Lakó-pihenő övezet 20 Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked places; no transit traffic. Hungarian highway code (KRESZ)
Iceland Vistgata 15 (or walking speed if pedestrians are nearby) Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked spaces, except for bicycles. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic.
Ireland N/A N/A No special legal category corresponding to Living Streets exists in Ireland. Tag as residential with maxspeed of either 50 or 30 as indicated by signs
Italy Zona residenziale N/A Living streets do not exist in Italy. The sign Italian traffic signs - zona residenziale.svg is defined as "Zona residenziale", but no special rules corresponding to Living Streets exists. Tag as residential with maxspeed of either 50 or 30 as indicated by signs. Codice della strada art. 3 comma 58
Japan N/A N/A No special legal category corresponding to Living Streets exists in Japan. Tag as residential with maxspeed as indicated by signs (usually 30 or 20)
Latvia Dzīvojamā zona 20 Give way to pedestrians and bicycles, who may move freely, but not unnecessarily hinder traffic. Parking only allowed in marked places, or, if none present, in places that don't hinder traffic. No trucks >5 t or buses >6 m. Upon exiting the zone, give way to everyone. Ceļu satiksmes noteikumi 13.
Netherlands Erf 15 Pedestrians can use the entire road, parking only in designated spaces. Not necessarily a residential area. Woonerf
Norway Gatetun 8 Vehicles must give way to all pedestrians. Walking speed for all vehicles. No parking exept in designated places.
Trafikkreglene §9.2. Kjørende [...] har vikeplikt for gående [...] [i] gågate eller gatetun.
§13. 3. På gågate eller gatetun må det ikke kjøres fortere enn i gangfart.
§17. 2. Det er forbudt å parkere [...] d) på gatetun utenom særskilt anviste plasser.
Mexico Calle residencial 10/15/20 Doesn't exist on federal law, is used adapted Non Regulated by law SP-E17a Calle residencial.png
Poland Strefa zamieszkania 20 Pedestrians (including playing children, even without parental supervision) can use entire street and have absolute precedence over vehicles. Parking is only allowed in marked places. Speed calming devices don't have to be marked using road signs. Also give way when leaving the zone[5] Strefa zamieszkania
Russia Жилая зона (Zhilaya zona) 20[6] Give way to pedestrians. No transit traffic.
Пешеходы имеют преимущество. Транзитный проезд запрещен. Жилая зона − территория, въезды на которую и выезды с которой обозначены дорожными знаками ”Жилая зона“ и ”Конец жилой зоны“[7]. Правила движения в жилых зонах распространяются также и на дворовые территории[8].
Правила дорожного движения Российской Федерации
Slovakia Obytná zóna 20 Pedestrians (including playing children, even without parental supervision) can use entire street and have absolute precedence over vehicles. Parking is only allowed in marked places. Obytná zóna
Spain Calle residencial 20 Identified by traffic sign Spain traffic signal s28.svg.
Indica las zonas de circulación especialmente acondicionadas que están destinadas en primer lugar a los peatones y en las que se aplican las normas especiales de circulación siguientes: los conductores deben conceder prioridad a los peatones. Los vehículos no pueden estacionarse más que en los lugares designados por señales o por marcas. Los peatones pueden utilizar toda la zona de circulación. Los juegos y los deportes están autorizados en ella. Los peatones no deben estorbar inútilmente a los conductores de vehículos.
Sweden Gårdsgata/Gångfartsområde Walking speed (10?) Favors pedestrians, cars must give way. Parking allowed only on marked places. When exiting a "Gångfartsområde" you have to give way (yield sign normally not present) Gångfartsområde
Switzerland Begegnungszone 20 People can stay, walk and play on the road. Begegnungszone, Zone de rencontre
Turkey Yaya öncelikli yol 20 Identified by traffic sign Spain traffic signal s28.svg. Though, there are misdecided living streets and streets which should be living streets but lacking that status.
Give way to pedestrians. Parking only allowed in marked spaces, except for bicycles. Pedestrians should not unreasonably hinder motor traffic. Cars should yield while exiting.
United Kingdom Home Zone 10-15mph Highway Code point 218 Home zone, List of Home Zones

Remarks

Germany

120px-Zeichen 250.svg.png
Zusatzzeichen 1010-10 - erlaubt Kindern, auch auf der Fahrbahn und dem Seitenstreifen zu spielen, StVO 1992.svg

The colloquial word Spielstraße is commonly used for the legal term Verkehrsberuhigter Bereich. But in administrative regulations (VwV-StVO) the legal word Spielstraße is used for a rare combination of an exclusion of all vehicles combined with an additional sign for playing children.

No numeric speed value is set by law for Schrittgeschwindigkeit (walking pace speed). The value of around 7 km/h resulted from several judgements, most within the range of 7 to 12 km/h. A Tempo 30-Zone is not a living street.

Support

Routing and navigation software might try to avoid such areas when navigating cars.

See also

References

  1. StVO § 76b
  2. StVO § 76c
  3. ПДД РБ. Глава 11. Пункт 88
  4. ПДД РБ. Глава 1. Пункт 2.21
  5. “Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych” (in Polish). Dz. U. 1997 nr 98 poz. 602 (with further changes - the unified text). 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  6. ПДД РФ. Пункт 10.2
  7. ПДД РФ. Пункт 17.1
  8. ПДД РФ. Пункт 17.4