Key:building

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
(Redirected from Tag:building=yes)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Public-images-osm logo.svg building
Emptyhouse.jpg
Description
To mark the outline of a building, a man-made structure with a roof, standing more or less permanently in one place. Edit this description in the wiki page. Edit this description in the data item.
Rendering in openstreetmap-carto
Area building=yes.png
Group: Buildings
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Documented values: 89
Implies
Useful combination
Wikidata
Status: approvedPage for proposal

The building tag is used to mark a given object as a building. In Openstreetmap, a building is a man-made structure with a roof, standing more or less permanently in one place.

The most basic use is building=yes, but the value may be used to classify the type of building. Note that it may be not the same as the building's current use (tagged using building:use=*). For example, a hospital building that is abandoned or repurposed to be a marketplace is still a building=hospital, and to mark active hospitals amenity=hospital is used.

How to map

Set a node or draw as an area along the building outline. Tag it with building=*.

Usage

See Buildings

The building key is used to mark areas as a building. For further details of how buildings are tagged and rendered: Buildings
Note about using this tag on nodes : although buildings are better represented with their footprints (a closed way or a multipolygon relation), OSM is working by iteration and some areas in the world don't have good aerial imagery or public datasets offering building footprints. Therefore, buildings on nodes should be tolerated until better sources are available.[1]

Values

Key Value Element Comment Photo

Accommodation

building apartments area A building arranged into individual dwellings, often on separate floors. May also have retail outlets on the ground floor.
Apartments6levels.png
building bungalow area A single-storey detached small house, Dacha.
Bungalow2.jpg
building cabin area A cabin is a small, roughly built house usually with a wood exterior and typically found in rural areas.
Koch Cabin.JPG
building detached area A detached house, a free-standing residential building usually housing a single family.
Residential House USA.JPG
building dormitory area For a shared building, as used by college/university students (not a share room for multiple occupants as implied by the term in British English). Alternatively, use building=residential plus residential=university.
Belgrade Dormitory.jpg
building farm area A residential building on a farm (farmhouse). For other buildings see below building=farm_auxiliary, building=barn, … If in your country farmhouse looks same as general residential house then you can tag as building=house as well. See also landuse=farmyard for the surrounding area
Studna před č.1.,Holašovice.JPG
building hotel area A building designed with separate rooms available for overnight accommodation. Normally used in conjunction with tourism=hotel for the hotel grounds including recreation areas and parking.
Hcom 1097758 7 b.jpg
building house area A dwelling unit inhabited by a single household (a family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen). Houses forming half of a semi-detached pair, or one of a row of terraced houses, should share at least two nodes with joined neighbours, thereby defining the party wall between the properties.
Emptyhouse.jpg
building houseboat area A boat used primarily as a home
Houseboat- Dal Lake, srinagar Kashmir.JPG
building residential area A general tag for a building used primarily for residential purposes. Where additional detail is available consider using 'apartments', 'terrace', 'house' or 'detached'.
Timarpur Residential Complex.jpg
building static_caravan area A mobile home (semi)permanently left on a single site
67elcona.JPG
building terrace area A single way used to define the outline of a linear row of residential dwellings, each of which normally has its own entrance, which form a terrace (row-house in North American English). Consider defining each dwelling separately using 'house'.
Terraced housing.png

Commercial

building commercial area A building where non-specific commercial activities take place, not necessarily an office building. Consider tagging the surrounding area using landuse=commercial. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
Sheraton Grande Tokyo Bay Hotel.jpg
building industrial area A building where some industrial process takes place. Use warehouse if the purpose is known to be primarily for storage/distribution. Consider using landuse=industrial for the surrounding area and the proposed industrial=* tag to describe the industrial activity.
Eley Industrial Estate1.JPG
building kiosk area A small one-room retail building.
Kiosk germany.jpg
building office area An office building. Use building=office with office=* to describe the type of office. Consider tagging the surrounding area using landuse=commercial. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
Buildingoffices.png
building retail area A building primarily used for selling goods that are sold to the public; use shop=* to identify the sort of goods sold or an appropriate amenity=* (pub, cafe, restaurant, etc.). Consider use landuse=retail for the surrounding area.
Macys dep store.JPG
building supermarket area A building constructed to house a self-service large-area store.
building warehouse area A building primarily used for the storage or goods or as part of a distribution system.
Eigtveds Pakhus, Copenhagen warehouse.jpg

Religious

building cathedral area A building that was built as a cathedral. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the cathedral grounds where it is in current use.
Saint Vitus Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republic.jpg
building chapel area A building that was built as a chapel. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the chapel grounds where it is in current use.
Andachtskapelle des Moorbad Gmös.jpg
building church area A building that was built as a church. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=* , denomination=* and landuse=religious for the church grounds where it is in current use.
Churchstcl.jpg
building mosque area A mosque. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Khadija-Moschee (Berlin).jpg
building religious area Unspecific religious building. Prefer more specific values if possible.
Religious syms.svg
building shrine area A building that was built as a shrine. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use. Small buildings should consider historic=wayside_shrine.
Heiligenhäuschen.JPG
building synagogue area A building that was built as a synagogue. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Synagogue Florence Italy.JPG
building temple area A building that was built as a temple. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Hephaistos.temple.AC.02.jpg

Civic/Amenity

building bakehouse area A building that was built as a bakehouse (i.e. for baking bread). Often used in conjunction with another node amenity=baking_oven and oven=wood_fired.
Backhaus-amstetten-dorf.jpg
building civic area For any civic amenity, for example amenity=community_centre, amenity=library, amenity=toilets, leisure=sports_centre, leisure=swimming_pool, amenity=townhall etc. Use amenity=* or leisure=* etc. to provide further details. See building=public as well.
Scarborough Civic Centre.jpg
building government area For government buildings in general, including municipal, provincial and divisional secretaries, government agencies and departments, town halls, (regional) parliaments and court houses.
Ministerio de Defensa Argentina Edificio Libertador.jpg
building hospital area A building which forms part of a hospital. Use amenity=hospital for the hospital grounds.
Hospital.png
building kindergarten area For any generic kindergarten buildings. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc.) should be tagged for their purpose. Use amenity=kindergarten for the perimeter of the kindergarten grounds.
Unterhaus keilhau.jpg
building public area A building constructed as accessible to the general public (a town hall, police station, court house, etc.).
Dominion Public Building.JPG
building school area For any generic school buildings. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc.) should be tagged for their purpose. Use amenity=school for the perimeter of the school grounds.
Convent School's Pippal.JPG
building toilets area A toilet block.
building train_station area A building constructed to be a train station building, including buildings that are abandoned and used nowadays for a different purpose.
Dobrepolje train station.jpg
building transportation area A building related to public transport. You will probably want to tag it with proper transport related tag as well, such as public_transport=station. Note that there is a special tag for train station buildings - building=train_station.
Kusatsu-Onsen Bus Station.jpg
building university area A university building. Use amenity=university for the whole university area.
University College Oxford.jpg

Agricultural/Plant production

building barn area An agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace.
EJFrykBarn.jpg
building conservatory area A building or room having glass or tarpaulin roofing and walls used as an indoor garden or a sunroom (winter garden).
Phipps Conservatory winter 2015 welcome center.jpg
building cowshed area A cowshed (cow barn, cow house) is a building for housing cows, usually found on farms.
Cowhouse Hrazany2.jpg
building farm_auxiliary area A building on a farm that is not a dwelling (use 'farm' or 'house' for the farm house).
Horseshoe Barn.jpg
building greenhouse area A greenhouse is a glass or plastic covered building used to grow plants. Use landuse=greenhouse_horticulture for an area containing multiple greenhouses
Greenhouse 1.JPG
building stable area A stable is a building where horses are kept.
Häststall Elfviks gård dec 2008.jpg
building sty area A sty (pigsty, pig ark, pig-shed) is a building for raising domestic pigs, usually found on farms.
Schweinehütten.jpg

Sports

building grandstand area The main stand, usually roofed, commanding the best view for spectators at racecourses or sports grounds.
Grandstand, Cluden Racecourse, 2000.jpg
building pavilion area A sports pavilion usually with changing rooms, storage areas and possibly an space for functions & events. Avoid using this term for other structures called pavilions by architects (see [W] Pavilion)
LeytonCricketGround.JPG
building riding_hall area A building that was built as a riding hall.
Ehem. Landgestüt Landshut Reithalle.JPG
building sports_hall area A building that was built as a sports hall.
Kruunupyy sports hall 2017.jpg
building stadium area A building constructed to be a stadium building, including buildings that are abandoned and used nowadays for a different purpose.
Nepstadion1.jpg

Storage

building hangar area A hangar is a building used for the storage of airplanes, helicopters or space-craft. Consider adding aeroway=hangar, when appropriate.
IMPA hangar.jpg
building hut area A hut is a small and crude shelter. Note that this word has two meanings - it may be synonym of building=shed, it may be a residential building of low quality.
Kennedy's hut edit.jpg
building shed area A shed is a simple, single-storey structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.
Schuppen 7235.jpg

Cars

building carport area A carport is a covered structure used to offer limited protection to vehicles, primarily cars, from the elements. Unlike most structures a carport does not have four walls, and usually has one or two.
Carport-gewölbt.jpg
building garage area A garage is a building suitable for the storage of one or possibly more motor vehicle or similar. See building=garages for larger shared buildings. For an aircraft garage, see building=hangar.
Two-Car Garage.jpg
building garages area A building that consists of a number of discrete storage spaces for different owners/tenants. See also building=garage.
Landbouwstraat garages.jpg
building parking area Structure purpose-built for parking cars.
Gießen-Uniklinik-Parkhaus.jpg

Power/Technical buildings

building digester area A digester is a bioreactor for the production of inflatable biogas from biomass.
2012-05-13 Nordsee-Luftbilder DSCF8567.jpg
building service area Service building usually is a small unmanned building with certain machinery (like pumps or transformers).
Service building.png
building transformer_tower area A transformer tower is a characteristic tall building comprising a distribution transformer and constructed to connect directly to a medium voltage overhead power line. Quite often the power line has since been undergrounded but the building may still serve as a substation. If the building is still in use as a substation it should additionally be tagged as power=substation + substation=minor_distribution.
OesterSkovVejHad.jpg
building water_tower area A water tower
Bad Schwartau - Wasserturm.JPG

Other Buildings

building bunker area A hardened military building. Also use military=bunker.
Slavonický les, bunkr 01.jpg
building bridge area A building used as a bridge. Can also represent a gatehouse for drawbridges. See also bridge=yes for highway=*. Don't use this tag just for marking bridges (their outlines). For such purposes use man_made=bridge.
Ponte Veccio1.JPG
building construction area Used for buildings under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed building.
Riga, stavba.jpg
building roof area A structure that consists of a roof with open sides, such as a rain shelter, and also gas stations
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
building ruins area Frequently used for a house or other building that is abandoned and in poor repair. However, some believe this usage is incorrect, and the tag should only be used for buildings constructed as fake ruins (for example sham ruins in an English landscape garden).
ARZAKAN Ghuki Monastery Եկեղեցական համալիր «Գհուկի վանք» (Բոլորահար) 12.JPG
building yes area Use this value where it is not possible to determine a more specific value.
building user defined node area All commonly used values according to Taginfo, generally building types

Additional Attributes

entrance yes / main / exit / service / emergency node An entrance in a building. Replaces the deprecated tag building=entrance.
SF City Hall door.JPG
height number node area The height of the building in meters.
Height.png
building:flats number node area The number of residential units (flats, apartments) in an apartment building (building=apartments), residential building (building=residential), house (building=house), detached house (building=detached) or similar buidling.
building:levels number node area The number of visible levels (floors) in the building as used in the Simple 3D buildings scheme
building:fireproof yes/no node area Fire-resistance information.
building:min_level number area minimum indoor level (floors) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
building:max_level number area maximum indoor level (floors) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
non_existent_levels number area list of indoor levels (floors) that do not exists in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
start_date date node area The (approximated) date when the building was finished.
soft_storey yes/no/reinforced node area A building where any one level is significantly more flexible (less stiff) than those above and below it

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


Possible Tagging Mistakes

If you know places with this tag, verify if it could be tagged with another tag.
Automated edits are strongly discouraged unless you really know what you are doing!

Notes

  1. Note that buildings as nodes are not rendered in the standard OSM cartography. https://github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/issues/806

See also