|Tagging:||landuse=homestead (or smallholding will be better?)|
|Definition:||area used for homesteads|
|Rendered as:||color/pattern filled area|
This tag is proposed to mark country-side areas, used by individuals for living and cultivation of their own land.
This type of territory is specific and wide-spread to tag it with individual tag.
Why not landuse=residential
Formally homesteads are sort of residential and often marked in such a way, but there's great difference between city-like and country-like lived areas.
- It may be helpful for traveller to orientate through the map. Anyway many traditional maps (f. e. Soviet General Staff maps) mark such areas differently.
- There's not infrequent situation that both areas exist in single town (and even city), especially when city absorbs surrounding villages or village grows to town.
- Such territory looks much more like farms or allotment than urban living quarters.
- It is individual type of land use in the terms of law (at least in Russian Federation), so some specific legal terms apply to it.
Why not landuse=allotments
Allotments despite looking alike are not lived.
Why not landuse=farm
Farms are generally much greater area used in commercial manner. Often farms are in corporate or state use.
Here are some attributes of homestead areas:
- It is country-side looking (rural) area. But may be very close to urban areas.
- It has many small individual plots of cultivated land. In general heavy machinery (agrimotors, harvesters) is not used on it, only walk-behind tracktors and the like.
- Commonly plots are divided by fences of wood, metallic grid or even walls of stone.
- There are living houses for single family. They are of more fundamental construction than building in allotments.
- Land registered and marked as population place so one may register and live there legally. Road signs or state registry may help.
And there's some presuppositions that:
- some plots may be not lived in fact (used as allotment);
- some plots may be not cultivated (if family members are employed);
- some plots may be abandoned;
- some may trade own production on marketplaces or have a local workshop (forging, repairing and so on), but no more commercial activity;
- there may be some amenities inside area.
As an alternative Alexandr Dezhin proposed different scheme:
- landuse=residental + residental=urban for urban lived areas and
- landuse=residental + residental=rural for rural ones.
- Backward compatibility
- Extensibility of residental= tag
- Homesteads seem to be not just subtype of residential but sort a hybrid of residential+allotments or residential+farm.
- There's some areas that are rural and lived but not homesteads, so it is not a direct replacement.