Key:parking:lane

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Public-images-osm logo.svg parking:lane
Parkingonstreetlanes2nowide.png
Description
Cars parking on the street
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodesmay be used on waysshould not be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination

parking:lane:both

parking:lane:left

parking:lane:right

parking:condition:both

parking:condition:left

parking:condition:right

parking:lane alone (do not use)

Status: ApprovedPage for proposal

The keys parking:lane=* and parking:condition=* define whether or not the highways themselves have parking, on which sides, and with which conditions.

For parking in designated areas, see amenity=parking.

Describing highway parking comes down to two different properties:

  1. If one is allowed to park, how is one supposed to place the vehicle when parking?
  2. Under what conditions one may or may not park there?

To this end, we use two tags. A prohibition to park, or a prohibition to stop excludes any parking, so we can have the vehicle orientation and the aforementioned cases as values of one tag. If parking is allowed, we then have to use some other key to describe the conditions for parking.

It should not be required or even encouraged that the ways would be split for short implicit parking prohibitions; that is just before and after a junction or a driveway.

Parking spaces

The parking:lane tag is used to describe the "physical" properties of the road. This means space properties.

The left and right hand side are differentiated by having either only a parking:lane tag appended either only :both or a combination of parking:lane tags appended with :left or :right. It is intentional to use left and right instead of forward and backward, because parking space is about location, not direction. E.g., a one-way has sometimes parking space at the left and at the right hand side, but no "backward" parking. See Forward & backward, left & right.

Please note that the latter three are considered "physical" tags, this means: parking is not possible, so no parking:condition tag (see below) is required in those cases.

Key Value Description
highway * Generic tag for the highway in question.
parking:lane:side

side is always left, right, or both.

parallel They must park parallel to the road.
diagonal They must park diagonally; AKA angle parking or echelon parking.
perpendicular They must park at a right angle; i.e., the front or back of the vehicle pointing straight towards the road center line.
marked There are only some parking spaces available that are individually marked.
no_parking No regular road user is allowed to park on the road. They may stop, though, to for example pick up/drop off a passenger, unload cargo or for other reasons as laid out in the local legislation.
no_stopping No regular road user is allowed to stop their vehicle, except when traffic conditions require him to do so.
fire_lane. In countries where such exist, an extra sign indicating a lane that must be kept clear for possible fire engines, or other emergency vehicles: in a sense equal to, but stricter than a no_stopping.

Parking position

Sometimes the parking on the street is allowed at the edge of the driving lane, at other times there is a painted, dedicated strip at the edge of the road, and sometimes one must park on the high side of the kerb stone; this can be recorded with the key: parking:lane:side:type.

type takes values of parallel, diagonal or perpendicular, as applicable.

Known values are:

  • on_street
  • half_on_kerb
  • on_kerb
  • lay_by
  • painted_area_only

Examples

  • parking:lane:both=parallel: both on the left and right hand side parallel parking is possible.
  • parking:lane:right=perpendicular: on the right hand side you can park perpendicularly.
  • parking:lane:both=marked: there are only some parking spaces available that are individually marked.
  • parking:lane:left=fire_lane: stopping is not possible on the left hand side due to fire considerations. (Normally there will be a sign for this.)

Possible enhancements

Specifying the maximum capacity for a given stretch of parking (especially for parking:lane:side=perpendicular).

Parking conditions (terms)

The parking:condition tag describes the legal properties of the parking space. The left- and right-hand side are specified by either a combination of tags appended with :left, :right, or a single tag appended with :both.

Key Value Description
highway * Generic tag for the highway in question.
parking:lane:side

side: left, right, or both.

parallel, diagonal, perpendicular. For other types, the condition tag makes little sense.
parking:condition:side

side: left, right, or both.

free No additional information is required.
ticket To be discussed. Maybe add a parking:condition:side:fee_per_hour=€1 tag.
disc Add a parking:condition:side:maxstay=2h tag. This means you may park here for up to 2 hours.
residents Add a parking:condition:side:residents=A tag. This means "parking only for residents with permission A" (With A being the identification of the permission). Resident permit
customers No additional information is required. This means you are only allowed to park here if you are a customer of the shop that owns this parking space (or a visitor of a site, or a guest of a hotel, or similar).
private No additional information is required. This means you are only allowed to park here if you rented the parking space (or have a permission of the owner).
disabled?

Type of vehicles

If the condition is valid only for some vehicles, use

Residential permits

Area based residential permits often carry some sort of letter or code identifying the area wherein they are valid; this can be recorded using the key: parking:condition:side:residents.

When parking is requires a ticket or a residential permit, the following combination is often used:

More usual OSM tagging convention would, for the same purpose, suggest:

Time dependence

In many occasions, parking conditions are time limited, especially for disc and residents parking. This can be specified by using the following tag: parking:condition:side:time_interval. Values specify both days and times, plus it can be multiplied. It uses the same syntax for values as opening_hours.

Key Value Description
parking:condition:side:time_interval

side: left, right, or both.

<opening_hours> A date and time specification as per opening_hours, such as Mo-Fr 12:00-14:00

The format is complicated to define technically, but easy to understand by examples:

  • 12:00-14:00 means: "every day from 12:00 until 14:00".
  • Mo-Fr 00:00-24:00 means: "every weekday (except Saturday and Sunday)".
  • Su 20:00-06:00 means: "Sunday night from 20:00 until (Monday) 06:00".

Intervals may be joined by semicolons with optional whitespace:

  • Mo-Fr 09:00-20:00; Sa-Su 09:00-14:00 means: "Weekdays 9 to 20, and weekends 9 to 14".

With multiple differing conditions

In the simplest case you have free parking at night, and ticket parking at day on workdays; for example,

Sometimes specifying one default condition is not enough. In these cases we end up with an abundance of tags, for example:

In this example, we couldn't use plain parking:lane:right=no_stopping, as parking is allowed at some times of the day.

Maximum stay

Use parking:condition:side:maxstay to specify maximum stay limits; especially applicable for disc parking. It takes should take values precisely as per maxstay.

Services

Examples

Some pictures of different roads and how to tag them are in Key:parking:lane/Examples.

Using with JOSM

There a simple tagging preset and a style file for JOSM editor available. You can activate them in Preferences > Map settings.
activate parking lane style in josm
How to activate the style

JOSM map display (MapPaint) is now able to to show direction dependent styles, so it shows the parking lanes and conditions for each side of the way. The colours shown in JOSM match the ones on the parking map.

Other related keys

Parking ticket vending machines
amenity=vending_machine + vending=parking_tickets