Project Ilam specification

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This page contains all the technical information about the mapping procedure, Tags, feature recognition,and some bad mapping examples


Mappers from Western countries (people who are remotely mapping) on the project should focus on the geometry development (Point, Line, Polygon) with highest possible spatial accuracy. People nearby or at Nepal (Local People) should Name the features and add other important attributes of the spatial data. Progress of geometry data as well as attribute information should be updated together. The collaboration of International mappers and local people makes the complete map because only geometry or the only text can never give complete information.

We can use following tools to map on this project:

Fast Draw and Contour Merge on JOSM for the fast editing of the data

some users may also use ID editor to contribute their work.

The positioning reference for drawn objects is Bing.

Under you can reserve one or more slices to map, which help us to coordinate mapping progress.


  • Desidered precision regarding areas: Mapping accuracy should be less than size of common village building.
  • Desidered precision of ways: Ways with the class higher than truck may not leave the area of the street.

Example for ways:

  • PrecisionOfWaysInIlamBad.jpg Bad example, steet midline outside of street area.
  • PrecisionOfWaysInIlamGood.jpg Preffered mapping.
  • PrecisionOfWaysInIlamTooManyPoints.jpg Too many points.

Recognition of Elements from aerial images

Tea Plantage

Characteristic: olive dark green mostly. Homogene colour from the top view.

Example from aerial view:

Farmland Tea1.JPG

What not to do

Example of bad mapping Ilam.JPG

  • Too big landuse=residential
  • No landuse=farmland
  • Wrong positioning and some wrong shapes of buildings
  • Wrong positioning of ways


  • landuse=farmland
  • crop=tea

Farmland Tea2.JPG Mapped area

Terraced Farmland

Common in lot of agriculture areas in Nepal is terraced farmland. Often between terraces one may see irregular trees. Such areas are not natural=crop.

Terraced Farmland0.JPG

In Reality:

Terraced Farmland1.JPG


Terraced Farmland2.JPG


  • landuse=farmland
  • farmland=terraced
  • trees=yes

Forest verus Scrub?

Scrub is area with less density of trees. The terrain is more visible than crown of trees.


In reality







Sometimes it´s difficult to distinguisch between natural=scree and natural=sand. Scree is significantly less homegen. Singular stone blocks are good visible in highest zoom level:


there are two kinds of sand areas in Nepal. Artificial, like here:

Mostly areaa of schools where the children are playing or local market places.

and natural like:


natural=grassland are areas covered mostly with grass, like:


An example: Orange tree orchard in Manakamana.

Tagging: landuse=orchard.