United Kingdom national parks

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National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty were established for England and Wales under legislation in 1948. Scotland has only recently created its first national parks. As these are usually major tourist destinations in their own right, and affect planning laws, these are useful boundaries to have mapped.

Boundaries are probably difficult to identify precisely, and therefore initial mapping is likely to include/exclude areas. Some national parks have obvious signs along road (for instance the millstones used by the Peak District), but in most cases the boundaries will need iterative refinement. When boundaries are not known precisely it is useful to document how the mapped boundaries are derived, as done for the Cotswolds.

At the moment, the Cotswolds is mapped with boundary=national_park, but this is not likely to be appropriate once more AONBs are mapped. At present there do not seem to be tagging conventions for such areas, typically of regional rather than national importance. User:Richard suggests adding designation=AONB which would allow them to be discriminated.

National Parks (Scotland)

There are currently two National Parks in Scotland, set up under the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000.

National Park Est. Boundary Way/Relation Notes
Cairngorms [1] 2003 Relation 1947603 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Complete boundary added from OS OpenData 250k images, using existing features where available. Needs tweaking in places.
Loch Lomond and the Trossachs [2] 2002 Relation 1957067 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Complete boundary added from OS OpenData 250k images, using existing features where available, and local knowledge boundary where similar to OS OpenData and had more detail. Needs tweaking in places, especially through Balloch.

National Parks (England and Wales)

There are currently 13 National Parks in England and Wales, set up under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

National Park Est. Boundary Way/Relation Notes
Brecon Beacons [3] 1957 Relation 357283 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete, but often guess-work
Dartmoor [4] 1951 Relation 1928125 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete
Exmoor [5] 1954 Relation 86909 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete
Lake District [6] 1951 Relation 287917 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) work in progress
New Forest [7] 2005 Relation 2678988 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete
Northumberland [8] 1956 Relation 1168821 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete but some is tentative
Norfolk Broads [9] 1988 Relation 2568322 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
North York Moors [10] 1952 Relation 409150 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) incomplete
Peak District [11] 1951 Relation 2176657 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) incomplete
Pembrokeshire Coast [12] 1952 Relation 165598 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Snowdonia [13] 1951 Relation 287245 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete, but most of the boundary is tentative
South Downs [14] 2010 Relation 1596374 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete. source is OS_OpenData_Strategi (except western edge) - may need fine tuning
Yorkshire Dales [15] 1954 Relation 307985 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) complete

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

See separate page: Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

National Scenic Areas (NSA) (Scotland only )

For now use designation=NSA.

Wikipedia link: Scenic Areas in Scotland