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Osm searchengine.jpg

Поле поиска на заглавной странице OpenStreetMap использует множество источников, чтобы найти список интересующих вас мест, из которых вы можете выбрать любое, чтобы увидеть его на карте.

Коротко говоря, вы можете начать искать:

  • просто название какого-либо населенного пункта, улицы, или тип здания,
  • улицу или тип здания, находящиеся рядом с каким-либо населенным пунктом (после запятой или слова 'near' ('рядом')), или
  • почтовый индекс в Великобритании, США или Канаде.

Name finder

Name Finder - это указатель, обычно обновляющийся каждый день, содержащий названия всего, что было добавлено в OpenStreetMap. Особенно удобно использовать Name Finder для поиска улиц по имени или номеру дороги. Чтобы уточнить поиск, вы можете попытаться найти улицу (или что-либо еще), расположенное рядом с определенным местом. Name Finder можно найти по адресу gazetteer.openstreetmap.org.

Вы можете найти все, что есть в базе данных OpenStreetMap, и чему было дано название (например, населенный пункт, улицу, бар, школу, и.т.д., например Bakers Arms) или какое-либо сокращение (например M11 или код аэропорта, например LAX), или по типу здания в единственном или множественном числе (например pub или churches).

Вы можете ввести одно слово или несколько (например Hinton или Hinton Road), но порядок слов должен совпадать.

Accented characters and ligatures will generally be found using their non-accented or two-character equivalents; and abbreviated words like Rd for Road and St for Street or Saint will generally be treated as equivalent to their full form and vice-versa. More information about this on the Name Finder page

Search near a place

In particular, you can restrict your search to a particular place using a comma or the word 'near' (lower case only) to separate the two (e.g. Hinton Rd, Cambridge). You can distinguish the several places of the same name (e.g. Cambridge in Cambs, Gloucs UK, Ontario Canada; Mass USA etc.) by asking for the county or country after another comma (e.g. Coronation, Cambridge, England), assuming the place includes the information (with the OSM 'is_in' tag).

You can also use a latitude,longitude either as the search phrase or the place qualifying the search, hence pubs near 52.2,0.19.

If you want to discriminate by type where things have the same name, put this after the name. For example: Chinley Station will give you the railway station (and in this case, also Station car park,as station appears in the name of the car park) while Chinley village will give you the village. This doesn't apply to streets: you can't say Hinton Road highway for example.

Examples

Fulbourn

  • finds anything called or containing Fulbourn in its name:
  Village Fulbourn about 7km east of Cambridge.
  
  Unclassified road Fulbourn Old Drift (east), about 2km south of Teversham

Hinton Road, Fulbourn

Hinton Rd near Fulbourn

  • equivalent to above

hospitals near Fulbourn

  • churches, pubs, supermarkets, stations, atms ...

post offices near Cambridge, UK

  • there's also Cambridges in Ontario, Gloucestershire, Massachusetts and several others

places near Fulbourn

suburbs near Cambridge

airports near Cambridge

airports

  • not that helpful, you'll just get a random 30 of them

Victoria pub, Oxford

  • as opposed to Victoria Station, Victoria Road etc, even though 'pub' doesn't appear in the name

52.18,0.20

  • where is this latitude,longitude?
   Requested location, about 1km west of Fulbourn

Hinton Road near 52.18,0.20

  • qualifying which one, using is_in

pubs near 52.18,0.20

villages near 52.18,0.20

Geonames

(NB. Concerns have been raised about how 'free' the data used by Geo Names is. )

Geonames (geonames.org) is a wiki-style database of names of all kinds of feature, but particularly places, together with their locations and other information such as alternate languages, elevation, population and others from various sources.

When you enter just a name of a place (lake, mountain, river etc) in the search box you are likely to get one or more locations from Geonames in the results panel. However, bear in mind that these locations may not have been added to the OpenStreetMap, so viewing a Geonames-located place may just show a blank map; or it may have no detail.

Geonames is unlikely to locate individual streets for you.

postcode support in Geocoder.XX

UK Postcodes

When you search for a UK postcode, OpenStreetMap consults NPE/Free The Postcode, a database of geolocated postcodes contributed to by people who know both a postcode and its location. It is not very complete, but can find partial postcodes.

UK postcodes are one or two letters, followed by one or two numbers, and in London sometimes a further letter, a space (which can be omitted), and then a further digit and two letters. For example:

 CB21 5DZ
 SW1A 0AA
 N4 7TJ

US ZIP Codes

When you search for a US ZIP code, OpenStreetMap consults Geocoder.us, which has a database of geolocated ZIP codes.

US Zip codes are either five digits, or five digits followed by a hypen and four more digits. For example:

 55416
 33701-4313
Osm search Geocoderus.jpg

Canadian Postcodes

When you search for a Canadian Postcode, OpenStreetMap consults Geocoder.CA, which has a database of geolocated postcodes.

Canadian postcodes are two letters separated by a digit, a space (which can be omitted), and then two digits separated by a letter. For example:

 K1R 7S8

French Postcodes ( not supported)

The two first number of the postcode is the same in 99% of the number of administrative code department. So 59300 code is locate in administrative department of value 59. The postcode is produce by "La poste" who distribute letters . Many small town have the same postcode but big town have many.So the postcode is not efficient to locate the town ( administrative limitation). A service offer way to search postcode from town name


 59300 Valenciennes