User:Marek kleciak/Tree table

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This is a proposal how to improve the tagging of trees (natural=tree) for the use in 3D-applications. This proposal is a part of OSM-4D definition.

Authors: Kinga Nowak-Dyjeta, Marek Strassenburg Kleciak


Contents

Notes

Document in work. Comments and suggestions are welcome ! Please help to fill the table below

This site should be used for the assignment of defined low polygon 3D geometry types for the tree species.

The purpose of this assignment is 3D visualization of trees in OpenStreetMap. Each tree with name can be represented as a 3d model.

It is often possible that real existing 3D geometry does not corresponds to the theoretical model. In this case please use individual tagging fot tree shape. Individual shape value has priority over the general (theoretical) tagging.


For questions, please contact: Marek Kleciak

Tagging

3D Generalization

Parameters:

  1. natural=*:tree
  2. species= (here species name in at least one language from the table below)
  3. height=*: (meter)
  4. diameter_crown: (meter)
  5. height_trunk: (height tree trunk in meter)
  6. circumference=*: for the circumference of the trunk, measured in a height of 1.3 (meter) above ground (This corresponds to the international scientific tree classification). Diameter tree trunk in meter
  7. crown_type: Kind of typical crown geometry. Values: A, B, C, D... - see table: Types of crown geometry. The tagging of tree crown with species untypical geometry is possible!
  8. Estimated_age: (Estimated tree age in years, see table below. Please write estimated "born" date based on year and age!)
  9. trunk_inclination: ( tree trunk deviation from the middle axis in degrees)
  10. trunk_rotation: (rotation of tree trunk deviation in degrees measured clockwise from north)Treeparametersdescription3.jpg
  11. Health: (see table Health status below)

Treeparametersdescription1.jpg Treeparametersdescription2.jpg

Types of crown geometry

A B C D E F G H I J K L M Put new Geometry type if neccesary
TreetypeA.jpg TreetypeB.jpg TreetypeC.jpg TreetypeD.jpg TreetypeE.jpg TreetypeF.jpg TreetypeG.jpg TreetypeH.jpg TreetypeI.jpg TreetypeJ.jpg TreetypeK.jpg in work in work in work


Example:

Simple visualization of 3D Model (here type A): Lowpolytreeexample.jpg



Estimated age

Estimated age of tree Age values:
Years old 1-10, 10-50, 50-100, 100-200, over 200

if known, of course, exactly Age

growth curve

the cumulative growth curve [1], describes the growth of the tree and can be added as a parameter to the tree for better time based 3D vizualisation.

Health status

Tegging:

health=<value>

e.g.: health=0 means, tree is dead.

Health of tree, values Description
0 dead
1 seriously ill
2 ill
3 slightly ill
4 generally fit
5 fit

More exactly description and illness examples soon

Botanic description

Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Malpighiales Salicaceae Populus Aegiros Populus deltoides deltoides .. eastern cottonwood Kanadische Schwarz-Pappel Peuplier deltoïde Topola kanadyjska Álamo canadiense Тополь дельтовидный B

FAQ

Q: Why so many names in various languages on this page?

A: The viewer that is being developed for this purpose should automatized identify the tree species for 3d reprezentation, regardless of botanic knowdledge of the user... It should be enough for example, that someone writes name_de:Weide and not Salix repens subsp. rosmarinifolia. For this purpose use the Viewer informations from the tables below.

Acquisition techniques

Soon

Some links: dendrometer, [2]


KINGDOM PLANTAE

Source: http://www.gardenology.org/wiki/Major_tree_genera

1.1. Flowering Plants

1.1.1. Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida); broadleaf or hardwood trees

  • Altingiaceae (Sweetgum family)
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Saxifragales Altingiaceae Liquidambar styraciflua Liquidambar Liquidambar Sweetgum Amerikanischer Amberbaum Copalme d'Amérique Ambrowiec balsamiczny liquidámbar americano Ликвидамбар смолоносный E


Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
  • Cashew, Anacardium occidentale
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Sapindales Anacardiaceae Anacardium Anacardium occidentale Cashew Kaschubaum Anacardier Nanercz zachodni Anacardium occidentale Кешью D
  • Mango, Mangifera indica
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Sapindales Anacardiaceae Mangifera Mangifera indica Mango Mango Manguier Mango Mangifera indica Мангифера индийская D
    • Mangifera altissima D
    • Mangifera caesia D
    • Mangifera camptosperma
    • Mangifera casturi
    • Mangifera foetida B
    • Mangifera kemanga
    • Mangifera longipes
    • Mangifera macrocarpa
    • Mangifera odorata
    • Mangifera pajang
    • Mangifera pentandra
    • Mangifera persiciformis
    • Mangifera siamensis
    • Mangifera sylvatica
  • Pistachio, Pistacia vera
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Sapindales Anacardiaceae Pistacia Pistacia vera pistachio Pistazie Pistachier vrai Pistacja właściwa Anacardium occidentale Фисташка настоящая B


  • Sumac, Rhus species, see: Sumac
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Sapindales Anacardiaceae subf. Anacardioideae Rhus Rhus coriaria Sumac Rhus Rhus Sumak Rhus Сумах B

Also:

  • Africa
    • Rhus acocksii Moffett
    • Rhus albomarginata Sond.
    • Rhus angustifolia L.
    • Rhus batophylla Codd
    • Rhus baurii Schönl.
    • Rhus bolusii Sond. ex Engl.
    • Rhus burchellii Sond. ex Engl.
    • Rhus carnosula Schönl.
    • Rhus chirindensis Bakh.f.
    • Rhus ciliata Licht. ex Schult.
    • Rhus crenata Thunb.
    • Rhus cuneifolia L.
    • Rhus dentata Thunb.
    • Rhus discolor E.Mey. ex Sond.
    • Rhus dissecta Thunb.
    • Rhus divaricata Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus dracomontana Moffett
    • Rhus dregeana Sond.
    • Rhus dura Schönl.
    • Rhus engleri Britt.
    • Rhus erosa Thunb.
    • Rhus fastigiata Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus gerrardii (Harv. ex Engl.) Diels.
    • Rhus glauca Thunb.
    • Rhus gracillima Engl.
    • Rhus grandidens Harv. ex Engl.
    • Rhus gueinzii Sond.
    • Rhus harveyi Moffett
    • Rhus horrida Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus incisa L.f.
    • Rhus kirkii Oliv.
    • Rhus keetii Schönl.
    • Rhus krebsiana Presl ex Engl.
    • Rhus laevigata L.
    • Rhus lancea L.f.? (syn. Searsia lancea)
    • Rhus leptodictya Diels.
    • Rhus loemnodia Ruckt.
    • Rhus longispina Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus lucens Hutch.
    • Rhus lucida L.
    • Rhus macowanii Schönl.
    • Rhus magalismontana Sond.
    • Rhus maricoana Moffett
    • Rhus marlothii Engl.
    • Rhus microcarpa Schönl.
    • Rhus montana Diels
    • Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss
    • Rhus nebulosa Schönl.
    • Rhus pallens Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus pendulina Jacq.
    • Rhus pentheri Zahlbr.
    • Rhus pondoensis Schönl.
    • Rhus populifolia E.Mey. ex Sond.
    • Rhus problematodes Merxm. & Roessl.
    • Rhus pterota Presl
    • Rhus pygmaea Moffett
    • Rhus pyroides Burch.
    • Rhus quartiniana A.Rich.
    • Rhus refracta Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus rehmanniana Engl.
    • Rhus rigida Mill.
    • Rhus rimosa Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus rogersii Schönl.
    • Rhus rosmarinifolia Vahl
    • Rhus rudatisii Engl.
    • Rhus scytophylla Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus sekhukhuniensis Moffett
    • Rhus stenophylla Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Rhus tenuinervis Engl.
    • Rhus tomentosa L.
    • Rhus transvaalensis Engl.
    • Rhus tridactyla Burch.
    • Rhus tumulicola S.Moore
    • Rhus undulata Jacq.
    • Rhus volkii Suesseng.
    • Rhus wilmsii Diels.
    • Rhus zeyheri Sond.
    • Rhus sp. nov. A (Yemen's Socotra Archipelago)
  • Asia
    • Rhus chinensis Mill. - Chinese Sumac
    • Rhus hypoleuca
    • Rhus javanica
    • Rhus punjabensis - Punjab Sumac
    • Rhus verniciflua (syn. Toxicodendron vernicifluum, Lacquer Tree)
    • Rhus succedanea (syn. Toxicodendron succedaneum)
  • Australia, Pacific
    • Rhus taitensis Guill. (Northeast Australia, Malesia, Micronesia, French Polynesia)
    • Rhus sandwicensis A.Gray - Neneleau (Hawaii)
  • Mediterranean Basin
    • Rhus coriaria - Tanner's Sumac
    • Rhus pentaphylla
    • Rhus tripartita
  • Eastern North America
    • Rhus aromatica - Fragrant Sumac
    • Rhus copallina - Winged or Shining Sumac
    • Rhus glabra - Smooth Sumac
    • Rhus lanceolata - Prairie Sumac
    • Rhus michauxii - Michaux's Sumac
    • Rhus typhina - Staghorn Sumac
    • Rhus toxicodendron (syn. Toxicodendron radicans, poison ivy)
    • Rhus vernix (syn. Toxicodendron vernix, poison sumac)
  • Western North America
    • Rhus choriophylla - Mearn's Sumac (Arizona, New Mexico)
    • Rhus laurina (syn. Malosma laurina) - Laurel Sumac
    • Rhus integrifolia - Lemonade Sumac
    • Rhus glabra - Smooth sumac
    • Rhus microphylla - Desert Sumac, Littleleaf Sumac
    • Rhus ovata - Sugar Sumac
    • Rhus trilobata Nutt. - Skunkbush Sumac
    • Rhus virens - Evergreen Sumac
  • Mexico and Central America
    • Rhus muelleri - Müller's Sumac (northeast Mexico)


  • Lacquer tree, Toxicodendron verniciflua
Annonaceae ( Custard apple family )
  • Cherimoya Annona cherimola
  • Custard apple Annona reticulata
  • Pawpaw Asimina triloba
  • Soursop Annona muricata
Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)
  • Pachypodium Pachypodium species
Aquifoliaceae (Holly family)
  • Holly, Ilex species
Araliaceae (Ivy family)
  • Kalopanax, Kalopanax pictus
Betulaceae (Birch family)
  • Alder, Alnus species
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Fagales Betulaceae Alnus, Subgenus:
  1. Alnus
  2. Clethropsis
  3. Alnobetula
Alder Erle Aulne Olsza Alnus Ольха A


  • Birch, Betula species
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Fagales Betulaceae Betula
  1. Betulenta
  2. Betulaster
  3. Neurobetula
  4. Betula
  5. Chamaebetula
Anacardium occidentale Birch Birke Bouleau Brzoza Betula Берёза A


  • Hornbeam, Carpinus species
  • Hazel, Corylus species
Bignoniaceae (family)
  • Catalpa, Catalpa species
Cactaceae (Cactus family)
  • Saguaro, Carnegiea gigantea
Cannabaceae (Cannabis family)
  • Hackberry, Celtis species
Cornaceae (Dogwood family)
  • Dogwood, Cornus species
Dipterocarpaceae family
  • Garjan Dipterocarpus species
  • Sal Shorea species
Ebenaceae (Persimmon family)
  • Persimmon, Diospyros species
Ericaceae (Heath family)
  • Arbutus, Arbutus species
Fabaceae (Pea family)
  • Acacia, Acacia species
  • Honey locust, Gleditsia triacanthos
  • Black locust, Robinia pseudoacacia
  • Laburnum, Laburnum species
  • Pau Brasil, Brazilwood, Caesalpinia echinata
Fagaceae (Beech family )
  • Chestnut, Castanea species
  • Beech, Fagus species
  • Southern beech, Nothofagus species
  • Tanoak, Lithocarpus densiflorus
  • Oak, Quercus species
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english species:en=* Name german species:de=* Name french species:fr=* Name polish species:pl=* Name spain species:es=* Name russian species:ru=* Geometry type
Fagales Fagaceae Quercus
  1. Quercus
  2. Mesobalanus
  3. Cerris
  4. Protobalanus
  5. Lobatae
  6. Subgenus Cyclobalanopsis
Quercus L. . Oak Eiche Chêne Dąb Quercus Дуб K
Fagales Fagaceae Quercus

Lobatae

Quercus palustris . Pin oak
Fouquieriaceae (Boojum family)
  • Boojum, Fouquieria columnaris
Hamamelidaceae (Witch-hazel family)
  • Persian Ironwood, Parrotia persica
Juglandaceae (Walnut family)
  • Walnut, Juglans species
  • Hickory, Carya species
  • Wingnut, Pterocarya species
Lauraceae (Laurel family)
  • Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum
  • Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis
  • Avocado Persea americana
Lecythidaceae (Paradise nut family)
  • Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa
Lythraceae Loosestrife family
  • Crape-myrtle Lagerstroemia species
Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family)
  • Tulip tree, Liriodendron species
  • Magnolia, Magnolia species
Malvaceae (Mallow family;)

including Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae


  • Baobab, Adansonia species
  • Silk-cotton tree, Bombax species
  • Bottletrees, Brachychiton species
  • Kapok, Ceiba pentandra
  • Durian, Durio zibethinus
  • Balsa, Ochroma lagopus
  • Cacao (cocoa), Theobroma cacao
  • Linden (Basswood, Lime), Tilia species
Meliaceae (Mahogany family)
  • Neem, Azadirachta indica
  • Bead tree, Melia azedarach
  • Mahogany, Swietenia mahagoni
Moraceae (Mulberry family)
  • Fig, Ficus species
  • Mulberry, Morus species
Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)
  • Nutmeg, Mysristica fragrans
Myrtaceae (Myrtle family)
  • Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus species
  • Myrtle, Myrtus species
  • Guava, Psidium guajava
Nyssaceae (Tupelo family)

sometimes included in Cornaceae

  • Tupelo, Nyssa species
  • Dove tree, Davidia involucrata
Oleaceae (Olive family)
  • Olive, Olea europaea
  • Ash, Fraxinus species
Paulowniaceae (Paulownia family)
  • Foxglove Tree, Paulownia species
Platanaceae (Plane family)
  • Plane, Platanus species
    • Platanus chiapensis
    • Platanus gentryi
    • Platanus × hispanica
    • (P. occidentalis × P. orientalis;syn. P. × acerifolia)
    • Platanus kerrii
    • Platanus mexicana
    • Platanus oaxacana
    • Platanus occidentalis
    • Platanus orientalis
    • Platanus racemosa
    • Platanus rzedowskii
    • Platanus wrightii
Rhizophoraceae (Mangrove family)
  • Red Mangrove, Rhizophora mangle
Rosaceae (Rose family)
  • Rowans, Whitebeams, Service Trees Sorbus species
  • Hawthorn, Crataegus species
  • Pear, Pyrus species
  • Apple, Malus species
  • Almond, Prunus dulcis
  • Peach, Prunus persica
  • Plum, Prunus domestica
  • Cherry, Prunus species
Rubiaceae (Bedstraw family)
  • Coffee, Coffea species
Rutaceae (Rue family)
  • Citrus, Citrus species
  • Cork-tree, Phellodendron species
  • Poncirus trifoliata, 'Citronnier Epineux'
  • Euodia, Tetradium species
Salicaceae (Willow family)
  • Aspen, Populus species
  • Poplar, Populus species
  • Willow, Salix species
Sapindaceae (including Aceraceae, Hippocastanaceae) (Soapberry family)
  • Maple, Acer species
  • Buckeye, Horse-chestnut, Aesculus species
  • Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
  • Lychee, Litchi sinensis
  • Golden rain tree, Koelreuteria
Sapotaceae (Sapodilla family)
  • Argan, Argania spinosa
  • Gutta-percha, Palaquium species
  • Tambalacoque, or "dodo tree", Sideroxylon grandiflorum,previously Calvaria majorSimaroubaceae family
  • Tree of heaven, Ailanthus species
Theaceae (Camellia family)
  • Gordonia, Gordonia species
  • Stuartia, Stuartia species
Thymelaeaceae (Thymelaea family)
  • Ramin, Gonystylus species
Ulmaceae (Elm family)
  • Elm, Ulmus species
  • Zelkova, Zelkova species
Verbenaceae family
  • Teak, Tectona species

1.1.2 Monocotyledons (Liliopsida)

  • Agavaceae (Agave family)
    • Cabbage tree, Cordyline australis
    • Dragon tree, Dracaena draco
    • Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia
  • Arecaceae (Palmae) (Palm family)
    • Areca Nut, Areca catechu
    • Coconut Cocos nucifera
    • Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera
    • Chusan Palm, Trachycarpus fortunei
  • Poaceae (grass family)
    • Bamboos Poaceae subfamily Bambusoideae

Note that banana 'trees' are not actually trees; they are not woody nor is the stalk perennial.

1.2 Conifers (Pinophyta; softwood trees)

Araucariaceae (Araucaria family)
  • Araucaria, Araucaria species
  • Kauri, Agathis species
  • Wollemia, Wollemia nobilis
Cupressaceae (Cypress family)
  • Cypress, Cupressus species
  • Cypress, Chamaecyparis species
  • Juniper, Juniperus species
  • Alerce or Patagonian cypress, Fitzroya cupressoides
  • Sugi, Cryptomeria japonica
  • Coast Redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
  • Giant Sequoia, Sequoiadendron giganteum
  • Dawn Redwood, Metasequoia glyptostroboides
  • Western Redcedar Thuja plicata
  • Bald Cypress, Taxodium species
Pinaceae (Pine family)
  • White pine, Pinus species
  • Pinyon pine, Pinus species
  • Pine, Pinus species
  • Spruce, Picea species
  • Larch, Larix species
  • Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga species
  • Fir, Abies species
  • Cedar, Cedrus species
Podocarpaceae (Yellowwood family)
  • African Yellowwood, Afrocarpus falcatus
  • Totara, Podocarpus totara
  • Miro, Prumnopitys ferruginea
  • Kahikatea, Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
  • Rimu, Dacrydium cupressinum
Sciadopityaceae
  • Kusamaki, Sciadopitys species
Taxaceae (Yew family)
  • Yew, Taxus species

1.3 Ginkgos (Ginkgophyta)

Ginkgoaceae (Ginkgo family)
  • Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba

1.4 Cycads (Cycadophyta)

Cycadaceae family
  • Ngathu cycad, Cycas angulata
Zamiaceae family
  • Wunu cycad, Lepidozamia hopei
Order Family Genus Section Species species=* Subspecies Forma Name english Name german Name french Name polish Name spain Name russian Geometry type
Cycadales Zamiaceae Lepidozamia
  1. Lepidozamia hopei
  2. Lepidozamia peroffskyana
Lepidozamia Lepidozamia Lepidozamia Лепидозамия I

1.5 Ferns (Pterophyta)

Cyatheaceae and Dicksoniaceae families
  • Tree ferns, Cyathea, Alsophila, Dicksonia (not a monophyletic group)

See also