2010 Chile earthquake/Imagery and data sources

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


Imagery

Post Quake Imagery

JUMP DOWN TO SUMMARY TABLE

JAXA/ALOS satellite Imagery

By NIED(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japanese national institute for disaster), a satellite image of Chile after the earthquake from JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) is permitted to be traced.

Note that the resolution is nearly as bad as the landsat imagery, so you cannot identify actual buildings. But it is possible to identify landuse and guess/interpret larger highways. (see discussion for an example of resolution)

International Charter Imagery

Activation of the International Charter Space and Major Disasters has been requested (WFP, UNOOSA) to support the damage assessment and response efforts in the earthquake that impacted Concepción, Chile on 2010-02-27. Clarification on re-usability of Charter imagery within the OSM project has been requested. Target area requested from the Charter are the following

1. Concepción - Lat 36° 44’ 37” S; Long 73° 06‘ 33” W

2. nearby Coronel - Lat 36° 58’ 39” S; Long 73° 10‘ 23” W

Information about what is being made available on http://www.un-spider.org/chile ( detailed page)

GeoEye and DigitalGlobe

Chris Nicolas from UNOSAT...

I am working now to put the recent GeoEye images of San Javier, Santiago, and Puerto Saavedra online as OGC WMS services, KML, and accessible within the OpenStreetMap. Attached are the shapefile coverages. These can be downloaded (~8Gigs) at


There is a WMS set up at http://geohub.jrc.ec.europa.eu/mapserv/chile?LAYERS=chile:geoeye

Coverage areas for Way Puerto Saavedra (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history) and Way San Javier (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history). The images for the San Javier area appear to be off by about 10 meters, so first find some roads verified by GPS tracks to rectify your image background. There is also coverage around Santiago, but those images appear to be off by about 400 meters!

(Santiago images can also be adjusted to streets. Take large feature, like e.g. Club Hipico in the center, as starting landmark.)

More services here:

GeoEye and DigitalGlobe earliest imagery expected to be made available Sunday 28-Feb as well as clarification on its re-usability within the OSM project.

Digital Globe, Worldview-1, 2010-02-28:

Browse (max available resolution): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

Astronaut Photo from Space Station

Concepción

  • Would it be useful for someone experienced in warping to prepare this for use in JOSM? Ceyockey 02:51, 1 March 2010 (UTC)

RapidEye

Coverage by RapidEye. See Relation 421648 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)

German company RapidEye AG published a 5000x5000 pixel JPEG of Concepcion and its surrounding area. They announced to publish future images and a reference from before the earth quake soon. See their website and press release for more information.

The resolution seems to be 6.5m (high enough to see larger roads, but too low to actually see any damages). And, sadly, the image suffers from heavy JPEG compression artifacts. Apparently, this is the tile 1822122 which is (along with other tiles) available from the geodata kiosk in diverse formats (GeoTIFF, etc.) at the same resolution, priced about 186 Euro (approx. 250 US-Dollar. Maybe there is a way to get it for free, but following the usual checkout process, that amount would be billed.)

Use the tag: source=RAPIDEYE/RE3/LEO, 2009-02-27

Rapideye has now (2010-03-03) released images from after the earthquake explicitly allowing use in OSM. They are available on a WMS for use in JOSM and as tiles for Potlatch.

Eros-B

Russian Company ScanEx published tiles of Constitución and its surrounding area.

The resolution seems to be 0.7m (from the EROS-B specs).

Use the tag: source=EROS-B/SCANEX, 2010-03-02

ScanEx has now (2010-03-04) released images from after the earthquake. They are available on a WMS for use in JOSM and as tiles for Potlatch.

The image can also be seen in this viewer.

Summary

Image set
oldest first; same age, ordered alphabetically
Boundary Use in JOSM Use in Potlatch
ALOS/AVNIR-2

Area: North Santiago
Date: 2010-02-27
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/AVNIR-2, 2010-02-27

depiction of Relation 446801 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_north_20100227.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_north_20100227&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

In Potlatch paste the following URL into the 'custom' setting:

http://184.73.236.108/wms2tile/?ALOS-AVNIR-2-N/!/!/!

(or launch directly)

ALOS/AVNIR-2

Area: South Santiago
Date: 2010-02-27
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/AVNIR-2, 2010-02-27

Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_south_20100227.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_south_20100227&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

In Potlatch paste the following URL into the 'custom' setting:

http://184.73.236.108/wms2tile/?ALOS-AVNIR-2-S/!/!/!

(or launch directly)

RapidEye

Area: Concepción
Date: 2010-02-27
Copyright:

Use the tag: source=RAPIDEYE/RE3/LEO, 2010-02-27

Coverage by RapidEye. See Relation 421648 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://wms.openstreetmap.de/wms?layers=Chile&

In Potlatch paste the following URL into the 'custom' setting:

http://wms.openstreetmap.de/tms/Chile/!/!/!.png

(or launch directly)

GeoEye and DigitalGlobe

Details: #GeoEye and DigitalGlobe
Area: Puerto Saavedra
Date: 2010-02-28
Copyright:

Use the tag: source=Digital Globe, Worldview-1, 2010-02-28

Coverage by Worldview-1. See Way 52176621 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://geohub.jrc.ec.europa.eu/hot/wms?LAYERS=chile:geoeye&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&STYLES=&FORMAT=image/png&TRANSPARENT=TRUE&

In Potlatch paste the following URL into the 'custom' setting:

http://geohub.jrc.ec.europa.eu/tilecache/tilecache.cgi/1.0.0/chile/!/!/!.png

(or launch directly)

GeoEye and DigitalGlobe

Details: #GeoEye and DigitalGlobe
Area: San Javier
Date: 2010-02-28
Copyright:

Use the tag: source=Digital Globe, Worldview-1, 2010-02-28

Coverage by Worldview-1. See Way 52134990 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history)
Eros-B

Area: Constitución
Date: 2010-03-02
Copyright:

Use the tag: source=EROS-B/SCANEX, 2010-03-02

Coverage by Eros-B. See Relation 443329 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://irs.gis-lab.info/?layers=eros-b-chile&

In Potlatch paste the following URL into the 'custom' setting:

http://irs.gis-lab.info/?layers=eros-b-chile&request=GetTile&z=!&x=!&y=!

(or launch directly)


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Constitucio'n
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04

Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_1.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_1&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: South from Constitucio'n
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_2.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_2&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Pelluhue
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_3.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_3&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&



ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Cobquecura
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_4.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_4&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Treguaco
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_5.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_5&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Tome (cloudy)
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_6.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_6&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/Pan-sharpened

Area: Concepcion (cloudy)
Date: 2010-03-04
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpened, 2010-03-04


Use the following WMS URL in JOSM (how to configure):

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_7.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_20100304_cl_7&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

Pre Quake Imagery

JAXA/ALOS satellite Imagery

ATTENTION: The information of this section currently is contradictory. See the discussion page for more information.

By NIED(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japanese national institute for disaster), a satellite image of Chile after the earthquake from JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) is permitted to be traced.

Note that the resolution is nearly as bad as the landsat imagery, so you cannot identify actual buildings. But it is possible to identify landuse and guess/interpret larger highways. (see discussion for an example of resolution)

Image set Boundary Use in JOSM Use in Potlatch
ALOS/AVNIR-2

Area: North Santiago
Date: 2009-02-24
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/AVNIR-2, 2009-02-24

depiction of Relation 420909 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM:

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_north_20090224.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_north_20090224&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

ALOS/AVNIR-2

Area: South Santiago
Date: 2009-02-24
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/AVNIR-2, 2009-02-24

Use the following WMS URL in JOSM:

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_south_20090224.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_avnir2_chile_santiago_south_20090224&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

ALOS/pan-sharpened

Area: Center Santiago
Date: 2009-08-24(PRISM) and 2009-02-24(AVNIR-2)
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpend, 2009-08-24

depiction of Way 52049727 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM:

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_santiago_pre_eq.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_santiago_pre_eq&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&


ALOS/pan-sharpened

Area: Center Concepción
Date: 2007-05-27(PRISM) and 2009/12/02(AVNIR-2)
Copyright: (c) JAXA(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), 2010

Use the tag: source=JAXA/ALOS/pan-sharpend, 2007-05-27

depiction of Way 52049833 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history)
Use the following WMS URL in JOSM:

http://hazardmap.service-section.com/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/map/UserRaster/alos_pansharpen_chile_concepzeon_pre_eq.map&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&REQUEST=GetMap&LAYERS=alos_pansharpen_chile_concepzeon_pre_eq&STYLES=&EXCEPTIONS=application%2Fvnd.ogc.se_inimage&FORMAT=image/png&SRS=EPSG:4326&

Yahoo! imagery

Available pre-quake imagery

As of February 2010, the only high resolution image data available is the normal Yahoo! Aerial Imagery. This only covers Santiago (coverage map) and Iquique, and is pre quake (around 10 years old and might not reflect the current reality!)

Low resolution Landsat imagery is available for the entire impacted area, as well as low resolution Yahoo! Aerial Imagery.


Astronaut Photography of Earth

Existing Data Sets

Attribution of data used in OSM is very important. In the table below, 'source' and 'source_ref' columns correspond to source=* and source_ref=* values, while 'resource/info' is freeform and section-linked. At present, only things which have been used are represented.

resource/info source source_ref
Willett-Nicholas data sets source=B. Willett http://maps.geography.uc.edu/~cgn/maps/Chile/vectors/
Earthquake epicentres source=USGS Earthquake Hazards Program use specific quake record url; running list url (latter used in relation)

GIS Data Depot

Data sets covering all of Chile

  • list of datasets available
    • all downloads require a free account to be set up
    • E00-format files: "E00" is a file type which can only be used effectively by ArcEditor, ArcView and ArcInfo software in the ArcGIS series from ESRI.
    • place name gazetteer: no free download option; 23 fields, unknown number of records
    • Landsat mosaics: no free download option; multi-spectral false color image sets from 1990 and 2000
    • DTED Level 0 files: Sparse post elevation data; should not be imported into OSM, but can be used to provide ele=* values.

Willett-Nicholas data sets

Data sets covering all of Chile

  • Content origin information
  • http://maps.geography.uc.edu/~cgn/maps/Chile/vectors/
    • includes streets for Santiago, Talca, and Puentes
    • archive file types .zip and .rar; .rar files can be opened by apps such as winzip
    • Includes shapefiles for the Región del Biobío (which includes Concepción). List of file classes:
      • camino (roads)
      • cnivel (contour lines (with elevations, 100 m intervals))
      • cuidad (800 towns and villages)
      • hidro (hydrology)
      • limadarc (administrative limits and coastline)
      • limadpol (polygons for administrative "Province" / districts)
      • sislac ("lagunas y lagos" / lakes)
      • urbano ("Province" names (districts))
    • 2010-02-28 23:46: Región del Maule .rar file added (161 MB)
    • 2010-03-01 17:15: Region 9 .rar file added (18 MB)
    • 2010-03-01 17:15: Nueva Imperial .rar file added (10 MB)

Hospitals

USGS Earthquake Hazards Program

As stated on the website, "This web site is provided by the United States Geological Survey’s (USGS) Earthquake Hazards Program as part of our effort to reduce earthquake hazard in the United States." However, the resource provides global information as well.

Information such as location, time and magnitude for the primary and aftershock events for this earthquake can be found on the Earthquake List for Map of S America Region. Several records have been interrogated from this resource to create natural=epicentre objects. A list of these objects in the vicinity of the primary epicentre is automatically generated by the Query-to-map resource; the list is accessible from http://toolserver.org/~kolossos/qtm2/featurelist.php?key=natural&value=epicentre&types=points-areas-infos&BBOX=-73.7051612,-38.1451672,-70.3863533,-33.2718196 . Aftershocks >6 in magnitude have been collected into Relation 418723 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx), a static rendering of which appears on the main 2010 Chile earthquake page.

Wikimedia Commons

See http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Chile .

G-MOSAIC Project

See http://spatial.telespazio.it/gmosaic_chile/

Coverage

the index file dated 6 March 2010 was consulted for the information below
The "index to available products" is a boundary listing of the resources available. This is provided as a .kmz file. The .kmz file can be converted to a .gpx file using the online tool KML2x provided by Zonum Solutions. This .gpx file can subsequently be opened in JOSM. An accompanying XAPI call to identify places which are included in the region covered by the G-MOSAIC Project can also be opened in JOSM:

http://www.informationfreeway.org/api/0.6/node[place=*][bbox=-73.17,-36.855,-73,-36.67]

For the approximate area of coverage viewed in Potlatch, see this link (based on the bbox shown above).

Georeferenced Reports from Ushahidi

There are many pharmacies ("Farmacias"), and also supermarkets ("Supermercado"), in the .csv file that can be downloaded from http://chile.ushahidi.com/download/ (as well as road blocks and collapsed structures) (Mar Mar 2 12:11:34 GMT 2010)

OSM is allowed to use this data [2].

Use source=Ushahidi.