JA:Key:historic:civilization

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利用できる言語 — Key:historic:civilization
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Public-images-osm logo.svg historic:civilization
Osm element key.svg
説明
地物を作った文明
グループ: 史跡
適用できる要素
ノードに使用可能ウェイに使用可能領域に使用可能use on relations unspecified
状態: 承認Page for proposal


概要

これはどの文明(または古代文化)が地物やそれに関するものを造ったかを大まかに記述するタグです。このタグは主に史跡の地物について、サブタグとして追加の詳細情報を提供するのが目的です。

拡張

For more detailed classification use historic:period=* to describe a narrower period, see values below for usage. This still leaves room for yet another subtag historic:era=* e.g. named after a regent, a family or similar, if needed. This allows to tag a suitable detail level, while the approximative tag historic:civilization=* can be easily applied without any special knowledge.

タグ

<k="historic:civilization" v=defined list>
<k="historic:period" v=defined list>
<k="historic:era" v=defined list>

This is the current set of values. In some cases the dates might be disputed. Please be also aware that this is (/should be) based on scientific classification (i.e. an interpretation) and might be disputed or due to change along with scientific progress. If you are not sure how to exactly classify a feature, don't add the detailed tags but add only what you are sure about. Consider also to set (additionally) start_date=* if you have this information.

Feel free to amend the list and add other civilizations, periods and eras.

Prehistoric

  • historic:civilization=prehistoric

If possible try to specify the period (or possibly the era for the longest period of stone age). But note that this classifications may only be appropriate for Europe and immediate borders of the Mediterranean Sea, and it may not be very accurate for Asia, America, and Eastern Africa (from where the whole humanity historically originated):

Note that some civilizations have lasted longer than Bronze Age, such as the Nuragic one (in Sardinia) and Ancient Chinese civilisations (see below). Generally the site should be classified under these civilisations if they were constructed after the arrival of scriptures. If there are only decorations with no obvjous textual meaning, these sites remain prehistoric. and could remain in this classification (e.g. the Pre-Nuragic civilization, during Bronze Age could be specified by historic:era=pre-nuragic, under historic:period=bronze-age. Also some Ancient Chinese and Mesopotamian civilizations started to write their history in an era where Europe was still in the (neolithic) Stone Age, even if these old civilizations still did not have discovered iron (scriptures started to be written on stones, then bones and wood, without needing metal for tools, arms and early currencies and jewelry).

China

to be amended

Ancient China

  • historic:civilization=ancient_chinese 2100 BC - 221 BC

Imperial China

  • historic:civilization=imperial_chinese 221 BC - 1911 AD

Egypt

Ancient Egypt

Greek Egypt

Roman and Byzantine Egypt

Greece

ギリシャ青銅器時代

  • historic:civilization=helladic
  • historic:civilization=cycladic
  • historic:civilization=minoan
  • historic:civilization=mycenaean

古代ギリシャ

Nuragic civilization

see the Nuragic civilization in wikipedia

  • historic:civilization=nuragic

ペルシャ

to be added. If you are familiar with this topic feel free to add a classification

ローマ

  • historic:civilization=ancient_roman 753 BC – 284 AD
  • historic:civilization=western_roman 285 AD – 476 AD
  • historic:civilization=byzantine 285 AD – 1453 AD (administration split in 285)

Tiahuanacota

see the Tiahuanacota civilization in wikipedia (spanish). Befora

Other cultures

(feel free to move it up and make a dedicated subsection if you are familiar with a certain culture)

  • historic:civilization=allemanian
  • historic:civilization=anglo-saxonHistoric Britain も参照してください)
  • historic:civilization=celtic
  • historic:civilization=etruscan
  • historic:civilization=gaelic
  • historic:civilization=germanic
  • historic:civilization=inkan
  • historic:civilization=japanese
  • historic:civilization=mayan
  • historic:civilization=thracian
  • historic:civilization=vikingian

Examples

For example this could be attached to an roman excavation site:

historic:civilization=ancient_roman

The proposal:

See also

  • Proposed features/heritage - subtags contain references to various international or national public databases. These databases frequently reference the civilizations, eras or periods, when effective dates of constructions cannot be estimated with precision.