RU:Hiking

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Доступные языки — Hiking
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Logo. Объект : Hiking
One example for Объект : Hiking
Описание
Обозначение путей, точек и областей, относящихся к пешему туризму.
Теги

Эта страница посвящена обозначению путей, точек и областей, относящихся к пешему туризму.

Tagging ways, points and areas

Key Value Element Comment Photo

Ways

highway path
WAY
Предпочтительно использовать для пеших маршрутов
Следуйте фотогиду для конкретизации конкретными тегами .
Mountain hiking.jpg
footway
WAY
For designated footpaths, i.e. mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. Path-footdesignated.jpg
track
WAY
Rough roads normally used for agricultural or forestry uses etc. Use tracktype=* to describe the surface. Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
ford yes NODE WAY В случаях, если дорога или тропа пересекает водный поток. Furt an der Sülze.jpg

Attributes of ways

sac_scale (optional) hiking
mountain_hiking
demanding_mountain_hiking
alpine_hiking
demanding_alpine_hiking
difficult_alpine_hiking
WAY RELAZIONE Шкала сложности для троп в горах.
trail_visibility (optional) excellent
good
intermediate
bad
horrible
no
WAY
Для описания видимости тропы на местности
incline (optional) value%
up
down
WAY
For marking a way's incline (or steepness/slope).
tracktype (optional) grade1
grade2
grade3
grade4
grade5
WAY RELAZIONE Paved track
surface of gravel or densely packed dirt/sand
an even mixture of hard and soft materials
prominently dirt/sand/grass, but with some hard materials
only grass, sand and/or soil

Infrastructure

tourism alpine_hut
NODE AREA
Хижина в горах, которая обслуживается персоналом в течение сезона. Предлагается жильё и питание. В России практически не встречается. Ascher Hütte a.jpg
tourism wilderness_hut
NODE AREA
Здание в дикой местности с печкой или камином в котором можно бесплатно переночевать. Нет обслуживающего персонала. P1070254.jpg
amenity shelter
NODE AREA
Укрытие от неблагоприятных погодных условий. Для дополнительных характеристик укрытия используйте shelter_type=*. Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
shelter_type (optional) basic_hut
NODE AREA
Простейшая хижина в удаленной местности со спальными местами. Бесплатная и без печки/камина. Пример: Джанги-кош и Укю-кош в Безенги BivaccoBertoglioNebbia.jpg
lean_to
NODE AREA
Навес с обычно тремя стенами, расположенный в удаленной от жилья местности Adirondack Lean-to.jpg
picnic_shelter
NODE AREA
Навес над местами для приёма пищи, обычно открытый со всех сторон. Picnic shelter.jpg
rock_shelter
NODE AREA
Неглубокое пещерное отверстие у основания скалы. Rock shelter Papula.jpg
tourism camp_site
NODE AREA
Место для стоянки с палатками. Camping at Head of Fionn Loch - geograph.org.uk - 47709.jpg
tourism information
NODE AREA
Источник информации для туристов. Для дополнительных характеристик источника используйте information=*. Fleetwood tourist information centre - DSC06596.JPG
information (optional) board
NODE
Информационный щит. Lechfall sign.jpg
map
NODE
Информационный щит с картой Information Map Type Topo.PNG
guidepost
NODE
Указатель направлений
See also Relation:destination sign
Signpost.jpg
amenity parking
NODE AREA
Место парковки Pincerno - Göhrde - Parkplatz.JPG
amenity bench
NODE
Скамейка Path with bench.jpg
amenity toilets
NODE AREA
Туалет Edese Kuil toiletten.jpg
tourism picnic_site
NODE AREA
Место где вы можете организовать пикник, поесть на открытом воздухе. Опциональные теги: fireplace=yes. смотрите также: leisure=firepit Picnic site.jpg
barrier gate
NODE
Ворота Gate-hindeloopen-westerdijk.jpg
checkpoint hiking
NODE
Checkpoint for hiking.

Nature

natural peak
NODE
Вершина горы или холма. Peak.jpg
natural volcano
NODE
Вулкан. Используйте volcano:status= для указания активности вулкана (активного(active), потухшего (dormant), спящего (extinct)) 2 Java Vulkan Semeru ferne Rauchwolke 2.JPG
mountain_pass yes
NODE
Вершина горного перевала. Следует отличать от RU:Tag:natural=saddle . Для указания категории трудности перевала используйте RU:Key:rtsa scale Mountain pass.jpg
natural water
AREA
Озера, пруды и т.д. Nau im Langenauer Ried 600x450.jpg
tourism viewpoint
NODE
Обзорные точки с красивым видом. Viewpoint.jpg
amenity drinking_water
NODE
Источник питьевой воды. Обычно используется в городской черте Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg
natural spring
NODE
Источник воды, текущей из земли. Не путайте с горячими источниками и гейзерами. Для их обозначения горячих источников используйте Tag:natural=hot spring, гейзеровTag:natural=geyser SalfeinsSpring.jpg

Additional tags

place locality
NODE
For an unpopulated named place.
name Text
NODE
The common default name.
ele Number
NODE
Высота над уровнем моря в метрах

Tagging walking and hiking Route Networks

A route is a customary or regular line of travel, often pre-determined and publicised. It consist of paths taken repeatedly by various people.

To tag a hiking route you create a relation with the approbiate tags and add all elements (points and ways) of the hiking route to this relation.

See also Relation:route.

Tags of the relation

Key Value Explanation
Recommended
type route This relation represents a route.
route hiking Instead of the tag route=hiking, there is less frequent but also used route=foot.

Don't use route=pilgrimage (almost non-existent) but add pilgrimage=yes to a hiking-route.

name a name The route is known by this name (e.g., "Westweg")
network iwn

nwn

rwn

lwn

International walking network: long distance paths that cross several countries

National walking network: long distance paths

Regional walking network: used for walking routes that cross regions

Local walking network: used for small local walking routes

Useful
symbol symbol description Describes the symbol that is used to mark the way along the route, e.g., "Red cross on white ground" for the "Frankenweg" in Franconia, Germany
osmc:symbol * (optional) Some renderer uses the osmc:symbol=* to indicate a route on the map.
name:xy localised name where xy is the iso language code
ref a reference The route is known by this reference (e.g. "E1")
operator operator name The route is operated by this authority/company etc. e.g. "Schwarzwaldverein", "Alpenverein"
state proposed / alternate / temporary Sometimes routes may not be permanent or may be in a proposed state.
colour a hex triplet (optional) Colour code noted in hex triplet format. Especially useful for public transport routes. Example: "#008080" for teal colour
description a short description What is special about this route
distance distance (optional) The distance covered by this route, if known. For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. Given including a unit and with a dot for decimals. (e.g. 12.5 km)
ascent ascent (optional) The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
descent descent (optional) The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
roundtrip yes/no (optional) Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B and instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).
oneway yes/no (optional) Use oneway=yes to indicate that the route is to be walked in only one direction, according to the signposts on the ground
website * (optional) website that describes the route
wikipedia (optional) language:page title wikipedia page that describes the route

Hiking routes are extensively mapped with route relations, and the Lonvia map will render route relations following this proposal and the osmc:symbol=*

Hiking routes are rendered for selected areas in Germany in a Hiking and Trail riding map (german). The tags required for rendering are:

  • type=route
  • route=hiking
  • name=* Meaningful route name suitable for identifying this route.
  • symbol=* Verbal description of the route marker symbols.
  • osmc:symbol=* Coded description of the route marker symbols.

Usage

Since the tagging is generic, it is up to each country to decide how to map the hiking networks that exist in their country onto the hierarchy of national/regional/local. For countries with no specific local/regional/national "walking network", it may be helpful to consider whether different trails are managed or funded by government bodies at different levels.

See also Walking Routes.

Hiking trails that cross or touch normal roads should be connected to the road ways on the map. This will allow mixed routing applications to be built on OSM.

Mapping Projects

Relief Mapping Projects

Offline-Maps

Maps for Garmin-devices

Online-Maps

  • 4UMaps.eu Outdoor maps for Mountainbiking and Hiking. Support the SAC hiking tags as well as track attributes. Additionally it has elevation lines, hill shading, accommodation etc.
  • OSMC Wanderreitkarte shows OSM with contour lines and hill shading and hiking routes (Europe only)
  • WayMarked Trails (ex-Lonvia's Weltwanderkarte) shows OSM with hill shading and hiking routes, among other interesting layers like MTB and rollerblades.
  • Hikebikemap shows OSM with contour lines and hiking and biking routes
  • Cyclemap shows OSM with contour lines and biking routes
  • WORLD OSM WMS shows OSM with hill shading for Europe
  • Hiking/openhikingmap shows OSM with contour lines and hill shading

See Also