Types of relation

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These types of relation are relations that we have in wide use and others which have been proposed.

Established relations

Type Status Element Comment Photo
multipolygon Area For areas where the outline consists of multiple ways, or that have holes; also used for boundaries.
route approved Relation Way Like bus routes, cycle routes and numbered highways
route_master approved Relation route_master contains (parallel, opposite, variant, …) routes only; heavily used to group route variants in public transport.
superroute Relation Avoid, superroute contains (concatenable) routes only.
restriction Node Way Any kind of turn restriction.
boundary Way For grouping boundaries and marking enclaves/exclaves.
site No vote Way Relation to group elements of a site such as a school together.
associatedStreet Node Way house numbers related to a street. See Karlsruhe scheme. Somewhat controversial.
public_transport approved Node Way Part of the OSM public transport scheme. Mainly used by public_transport=stop_area.
street Node Way Bind all parts of a street together and everything else that belongs to it.
destination_sign approved Way Destination signs at or before intersections. LA2-blagulskylt.jpg
waterway approved Way Relation to group elements of a waterway=*.
enforcement approved Node Way Traffic enforcement devices; speed cameras, redlight cameras, weight checks, …
bridge No vote Way Groups together all elements of one bridge.
tunnel No vote Way Groups together all elements of one tunnel.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

Proposed uses of relations

Composition and sectioning of ways and tags

Junctions, intersections, grade separated crossings, and embankments

Turn restrictions, and right of way

Area hierarchies and other relations for areas

Addressing

Others

(divided highway)

Projects

References