WikiProject Telecoms

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This is a project to collate and document the types of tagging for telecommunication features. This range from submarine fibre optic cables through to mobile phone masts and towards data centres and telephone exchanges.

Cables

Telephone Lines

Telephone cables usually visible, black looking but often made from copper, and usually strung in the air from telephone poles. There appears to be three tags in use which refer to the same thing, sometimes these tags will be in combination with others.

Recommended Tagging:

communication=line
telecom:medium=fibre|copper
cables=
operator=
location=underground|underwater|overhead|rooftop


Occurrences

communication=line (and without a seamark / submarine tag)


and/or

phone=line


lesser usage:

telephone=line


aerial_line=telephone


Underground Cables

Hardly any exist in OSM, but if they were to be mapped perhaps the following would be used

location=underground
communication=line
telecom:medium=fibre|copper
cables=
operator=

Submarine Cables

Submarine cables, under the sea. Often from an import.

See also OpenSeaMap

Recommended tagging

seamark:cable_submarine:category=telephone|fibre_optic
seamark:type=cable_submarine
submarine=yes
location=underwater
communication=line
operator=
name=
ref=


seamark:cable_submarine:category=telephone

seamark:cable_submarine:category=telephone


AND

seamark:cable_submarine:category=fibre_optic

seamark:cable_submarine:category=fibre_optic


OR

communication=line AND submarine=yes

communication=line


submarine=yes


Street Furniture

Telephone Poles

There appears to be at least four different tags for this, and they all point to the same telephone pole. The poles that carry telephone lines.

Recommended tagging

communication=pole
telephone=pole
ref=


communication=pole


OR

utility=pole


OR

telephone=pole


OR

phone=pole


Street Cabinets

The often green, metal cabinets at the side of the street, on the pavement, used for a variety of things. There has been recent discussion about this on the mailing list

See Also the proposal for Telecom Local Loop http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Proposed_features/Telecom_local_loop for more detail about the different street cabinets, DSLAM etc


There's a few ways that this appears in OSM.

Recommended tagging

man_made=street_cabinet
street_cabinet=telecom
communication=outdoor_dslam (if its dslam type)
ref=
operator=
colour=
heat=
sound=
texture=


street_cabinet=*


OR cabinet = cabinet=*


OR

utility=cabinet


OR

man_made = cabinet

man_made=cabinet


OR

telecommunications=cabinet


OR

communication=outdoor_dslam


OR

communication=cable_distribution_cabinet


OR

telecom=remote_terminal


Manhole Covers

such as CATV, BT, ref etc.

see manhole=*


recommended tagging

manhole=telecom
label=
operator=
ref=
diameter=
hole:diameter=

Antennas / Masts / Towers

See also: https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/File:Radio_antennas_mapping_proposal.png for a proposal for details mapping of radio antennas etc


See also:

NOTE

Often communication:mobile_phone=yes is used with the following to further define masts, towers etc


See this overpass query for examples of combinations with communication:mobile_phone=yes [http://overpass-turbo.eu/s/87Y]


Antennas

Small masts, sometimes attached to other structures.

telecom=antenna


Masts

Masts are the small standalone, usually single use antenna. Masts are generally held up by wires, or appear as a single pole rather than the free standing towers with supports. For telecoms these would be mobile phone masts in particular.

Recommended Tagging

man_made=mast
mast:type=communication
communication:mobile_phone=yes|no
ref=
operator=
height=


man_made=mast + mast:type=communication

man_made=mast


Seems like both mast:type=communication and tower:type=communication are used with masts.

mast:type=communication


tower:type=communication


World Counts, overpass, 11 March 2015

4866 Global man_made=mast and tower:type=communication

and just in West Europe 4161 man_made=tower and tower:type=communication

Tower

Towers are larger than masts, are free standing and are not held up by wires

Recommended Tagging

man_made=tower
tower:type=communication
communication:mobile_phone=yes|no
ref=
operator=
height=
name=


man_made=tower + tower:type=communication

man_made=tower


tower:type=communication


Communications Tower

The communications tower is the largest variety of telecoms tower. These types, we think, are the ones that dominate the landscape, and have a number of antennas on them

Recommended Tagging

man_made=communications_tower
tower:type=communication
communication:mobile_phone=no|yes
communication:radio=no|yes
communication:bos=no|yes
communication:microwave=no|yes
communication:television=no|yes
name=
ref=
operator=
height=


man_made=communications_tower

man_made=communications_tower


Telephone Exchanges

Telephone Exchanges, central buildings etc

Nodes and Ways

Recommended Tagging

telecom=central_office
name=
operator=
building=yes(if building)


See also:

man_made=telephone_office


OR

telecom=central_office


also seen

man_made=telephone_exchange



building=telephone_exchange


Internet / Telecoms Buildings

Telecoms Offices

Offices involved with telecommunications. Some may have data centres in them.

Recommended tagging

office=telecommunication
name=
building=yes
operator=

office=telecommunication


Data Centres

There's also a fair few buildings untagged, but with the name of data centre or data center in there. Most use the American spelling in the name. Following on from discussion about Community Centres - we will use data_center

Recommended Tagging

telecom=data_center
building=data_center
name=
operator=

building=data_center


OR

building=data_centre


Other

Other features

Projects

The New Cloud Atlas has a built in iD editor with customized presets. http://newcloudatlas.org/edit/id.htm.

The project produces two map tilesets for Telecoms features: standard transparent markers and a "cloud x-ray" tileset showing a more artistic render with scaled polygons, overlapping markers and features shown at all zoom levels. In addition there is utf-grid tileset.

http://{s}.newcloudatlas.org/tiles/tiles.py/normal-cloud/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
http://{s}.newcloudatlas.org/tiles/tiles.py/xray-cloud/{z}/{x}/{y}.png