Proposed features/landuse=governmental

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landuse=governmental
Status: Proposed (under way)
Proposed by: SelfishSeahorse
Tagging: landuse=governmental
Applies to: area
Definition: Land used by government bodies / for governing
Drafted on: 2018-10-12
RFC start: 2018-10-14

Proposal

A new tag landuse=governmental is introduced for marking land that is only or mainly used by government bodies, that is, for governing (government sites).

This includes:

  • Meeting places of the national, regional or local legislature (assembly, parliament or congress – the law-making authority)
  • Buildings of the executive (the authority in charge of putting the laws into effect that the legislature decided)
  • Public administration offices (the administrative part of the executive that manages public duties), like the health ministry/department
  • Courthouses/buildings of the judiciary (the authority that interprets and applies the law)
  • Buildings that include a combination of the above-mentioned governmental institutions, like city/town halls
  • Facilities supporting them – for example parking lots

This excludes:

  • Public service facilities that aren't directly involved in or responsible for governing or organising a country, state, municipality any other administrative division, but that have other purposes:
    • Law enforcement facilities (e.g. police stations, prisons)
    • Fire protection facilities (e.g. fire stations)
    • Medical facilities (e.g. hospitals, clinics, doctor's practices)
    • Educational facilities (e.g. schools, universities, libraries)
    • Community meeting places (e.g. community centres)
    • Recreational facilities (e.g. parks, zoos, squares, cinemas, theatres, concert halls, night-clubs, museums, art galleries, exhibition halls, sport facilities and grounds)
    • Places of worship (e.g. churches, temples, monasteries)
  • Land used for military purposes[1]
  • Land owned by the government, but not used for governing (e.g. national forests or parks)

Rationale

Currently there is no tag to map land used for governing. Governmental areas are not as common than for example residential, office, retail or industrial areas, but they are important and distinctive parts of towns, cities and capitals.

Other tags for governmental areas that have been proposed include:

  • landuse=institutional (proposal) – has a very broad definition that also includes educational, medical institutions and public facilities such as museums, libraries, community centres, although they have other purposes (education, health care, leisure)
  • landuse=public_administration – public administration is only a part of the government; it doesn't include buildings of the legislature, executive, courts and mixed-use governmental buildings like town halls
  • landuse=civic_admin (proposal) – the intended meaning is the same as public administration; however civic (which means 'relating to a city or town') implies that the administration of a country, state or other administrative divisions is excluded
  • landuse=civil_admin – implies 'administration established by a foreign government'[2]

Current tagging situation

An examination of the meeting place of the national parliament and the supreme court of some countries showed that in the most cases either the enclosing land misses a land use tag or no differentiation has been made from the surrounding land (e.g. residential or commercial land or park), see the following table (dashes mean no land use):

Country National legislature Supreme court
Argentinia [3] [4]
Australia leisure=park[5] [6]
Austria landuse=commercial[7] landuse=commercial[8]
Bangladesh [9] landuse=courthouse[10]
Belgium [11] landuse=commercial[12]
Bolivia [13] [14]
Bosnia and Herzegovina landuse=residential[15] landuse=residential[16]
Brazil [17] [18]
Canada leisure=park[19] leisure=park[20]
China [21] [22]
Danmark [23] [24]
Egypt [25] [26]
Finland landuse=civil[27]  landuse=civil[28]
France landuse=residential[29][30] landuse=residential[31]
Germany landuse=civic_admin[32][33] leisure=park[34]
Iceland [35] landuse=commercial[36]
India landuse=commercial[37] [38]
Israel [39] [40]
Ireland [41] [42]
Italy [43][44] landuse=residential[45]
Japan [46] [47]
Kenya landuse=commercial[48] landuse=commercial[49]
Liberia landuse=commercial[50] landuse=commercial[51]
Mexico [52][53] [54]
Namibia landuse=residential[55] landuse=commercial[56]
Netherlands [57][58] [59]
New Zealand leisure=park[60] [61]
Nigeria [62][63] [64]
Norway [65] landuse=commercial[66]
Peru [67] [68]
Poland landuse=commercial[69][70]  –[71]
Portugal [72] landuse=retail[73]
Russia landuse=commercial[74]/–[75] landuse=commercial[76]
Senegal landuse=residential[77] landuse=residential[78]
Sinapore [79]  –[80]
South Africa [81][82] [83]
South Korea [84] landuse=public_space[85]
Spain landuse=residential[86][87] landuse=residential[88]
Sri Lanka [89] [90]
Sweden [91] landuse=commercial[92]
Switzerland landuse=governmental[93] leisure=park[94]
Turkey landuse=residential[95] landuse=residential[96]
UK landuse=governmental[97] landuse=governmental[98]
USA [99] [100]

Examples

Government of the United Kingdom, Westminster

Current usage of landuse=governmental


Features/Pages affected

External discussions

Comments

Please comment on the discussion page.

Notes

  1. This is what landuse=military is for.
  2. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/civil+administration
  3. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2468981
  4. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6537593
  5. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2213711850
  6. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/16188973
  7. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3898175
  8. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/11132
  9. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/24448328
  10. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5969364
  11. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3000389
  12. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3496053
  13. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2382983631
  14. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/4810495906
  15. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/23724013
  16. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/4796996131
  17. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/124198934
  18. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/45817742
  19. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/68588665
  20. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2894646
  21. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/8848388
  22. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/477760979
  23. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25992657
  24. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25992657
  25. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/28850237
  26. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/28829680
  27. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/158575956
  28. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/198615354
  29. National Assembly: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1019368
  30. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/975955
  31. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/536982
  32. Federal Diet: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2201742
  33. Federal Council: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2201742
  34. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/540069035
  35. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/110885345
  36. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/94560554
  37. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6087635
  38. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5492821
  39. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/551414758
  40. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/7116646
  41. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/231082843
  42. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/13871512
  43. Chamber of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2766788
  44. Senate of the Republic: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/76432
  45. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/325578
  46. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3361370
  47. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/1420781682
  48. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3224460
  49. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/5555073981
  50. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/141275340
  51. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/143040559
  52. Chamber of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1715644
  53. Chamber of Senators: https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/3807174981
  54. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/8545653
  55. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1613833
  56. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/117071148
  57. House of Representatives: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5503259
  58. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3576906
  59. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/425838771
  60. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/47111869
  61. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/62153142
  62. House of Representatives: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/543960481
  63. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/543959901
  64. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2838256
  65. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/59795
  66. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/65071968
  67. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/149173830
  68. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6466025
  69. Sejm: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3224791
  70. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25910941
  71. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/239427757
  72. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6456903
  73. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2949717733
  74. State Duma: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5968416
  75. Federation Council: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3321177
  76. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/3428608228
  77. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/340121041
  78. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/44145644
  79. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6985173
  80. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/458806251
  81. National Assembly: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/448068763
  82. National Council of Provinces: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/141281524
  83. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/144031920
  84. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/270596342
  85. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4042541
  86. Congress of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4545711
  87. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4008847
  88. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4742581
  89. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/330906531
  90. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/105734017
  91. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/34395
  92. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/1244762265
  93. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/254958900
  94. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/46787956
  95. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/67624843
  96. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/240960784
  97. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1567699
  98. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/39811548
  99. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/66418809
  100. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/286501