Proposed features/landuse=governmental

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landuse=governmental
Status: Proposed (under way)
Proposed by: SelfishSeahorse
Tagging: landuse=governmental
Applies to: area
Definition: Land used by government bodies / for governing
Drafted on: 2018-10-12
RFC start: 2018-10-14

Proposal

A new tag landuse=governmental is introduced for marking land that is only or mainly used by government bodies, that is, for governing (government sites).

This includes:

  • Meeting places of the national, regional or local legislature (assembly, parliament or congress – the law-making authority)
  • Buildings of the executive (the authority in charge of putting the laws into effect that the legislature decided)
  • Public administration offices (the administrative part of the executive that manages public duties), like the health ministry/department
  • Courthouses/buildings of the judiciary (the authority that interprets and applies the law)
  • Buildings that include a combination of the above-mentioned governmental institutions, like city/town halls
  • Facilities supporting them (e.g. parking lots)

This excludes:

  • Public service facilities that aren't directly involved in or responsible for governing or organising a country, state, municipality any other administrative division, but that have other purposes:
    • Law enforcement facilities (e.g. police stations, prisons)
    • Fire protection facilities (e.g. fire stations)
    • Medical facilities (e.g. hospitals, clinics, doctor's practices)
    • Educational facilities (e.g. schools, universities, libraries)
    • Community meeting places (e.g. community centres)
    • Recreational facilities (e.g. parks, zoos, squares, cinemas, theatres, concert halls, night-clubs, museums, art galleries, exhibition halls, sport facilities and grounds)
    • Places of worship (e.g. churches, temples, monasteries) – see landuse=religious (proposed, in use)
  • Land used for military purposes – see landuse=military
  • Land owned by the government, but not used for governing (e.g. national forests or parks). – Note that land use is about how the land is used, not about who owns the land.

Rationale

Currently there is no tag to map land used for governing. Governmental areas are not as common than for example residential, office, retail or industrial areas, but they are important and distinctive parts of towns, cities and capitals.

Other tags for governmental areas that have been proposed include:

  • landuse=institutional (proposal) – has a very broad definition that also includes educational, medical institutions and public facilities such as museums, libraries, community centres, although they have other purposes (education, health care, leisure)
  • landuse=public_administration – public administration is only a part of the government; it doesn't include buildings of the legislature, executive, courts and mixed-use governmental buildings like town halls
  • landuse=civic_admin (proposal) – the intended meaning is the same as public administration; however civic (which means 'relating to a city or town') implies that the administration of a country, state or other administrative divisions is excluded
  • landuse=civil_admin – implies 'administration established by a foreign government'[1]

Current tagging situation

An examination of the meeting place of the national parliament and the supreme court of some countries showed that in the most cases either the enclosing land misses a land use tag or no differentiation has been made from the surrounding land (e.g. residential or commercial land or park), see the following table (dashes mean no land use):

Country National legislature Supreme court
Argentinia [2] [3]
Australia leisure=park[4] [5]
Austria landuse=commercial[6] landuse=commercial[7]
Bangladesh [8] landuse=courthouse[9]
Belgium [10] landuse=commercial[11]
Bolivia [12] [13]
Bosnia and Herzegovina landuse=residential[14] landuse=residential[15]
Brazil [16] [17]
Canada leisure=park[18] leisure=park[19]
China [20] [21]
Danmark [22] [23]
Egypt [24] [25]
Finland landuse=civil[26]  landuse=civil[27]
France landuse=residential[28][29] landuse=residential[30]
Germany landuse=civic_admin[31][32] leisure=park[33]
Iceland [34] landuse=commercial[35]
India landuse=commercial[36] [37]
Israel [38] [39]
Ireland [40] [41]
Italy [42][43] landuse=residential[44]
Japan [45] [46]
Kenya landuse=commercial[47] landuse=commercial[48]
Liberia landuse=commercial[49] landuse=commercial[50]
Mexico [51][52] [53]
Namibia landuse=residential[54] landuse=commercial[55]
Netherlands [56][57] [58]
New Zealand leisure=park[59] [60]
Nigeria [61][62] [63]
Norway [64] landuse=commercial[65]
Peru [66] [67]
Poland landuse=commercial[68][69]  –[70]
Portugal [71] landuse=retail[72]
Russia landuse=commercial[73]/–[74] landuse=commercial[75]
Senegal landuse=residential[76] landuse=residential[77]
Sinapore [78]  –[79]
South Africa [80][81] [82]
South Korea [83] landuse=public_space[84]
Spain landuse=residential[85][86] landuse=residential[87]
Sri Lanka [88] [89]
Sweden [90] landuse=commercial[91]
Switzerland landuse=governmental[92] leisure=park[93]
Turkey landuse=residential[94] landuse=residential[95]
UK landuse=governmental[96] landuse=governmental[97]
USA [98] [99]

Examples

Government of the United Kingdom, Westminster

Current usage of landuse=governmental


Features/Pages affected

External discussions

Comments

Please comment on the discussion page.

Notes

  1. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/civil+administration
  2. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2468981
  3. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6537593
  4. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2213711850
  5. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/16188973
  6. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3898175
  7. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/11132
  8. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/24448328
  9. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5969364
  10. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3000389
  11. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3496053
  12. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2382983631
  13. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/4810495906
  14. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/23724013
  15. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/4796996131
  16. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/124198934
  17. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/45817742
  18. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/68588665
  19. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2894646
  20. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/8848388
  21. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/477760979
  22. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25992657
  23. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25992657
  24. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/28850237
  25. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/28829680
  26. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/158575956
  27. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/198615354
  28. National Assembly: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1019368
  29. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/975955
  30. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/536982
  31. Federal Diet: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2201742
  32. Federal Council: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2201742
  33. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/540069035
  34. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/110885345
  35. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/94560554
  36. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6087635
  37. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5492821
  38. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/551414758
  39. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/7116646
  40. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/231082843
  41. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/13871512
  42. Chamber of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2766788
  43. Senate of the Republic: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/76432
  44. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/325578
  45. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3361370
  46. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/1420781682
  47. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3224460
  48. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/5555073981
  49. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/141275340
  50. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/143040559
  51. Chamber of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1715644
  52. Chamber of Senators: https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/3807174981
  53. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/8545653
  54. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1613833
  55. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/117071148
  56. House of Representatives: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5503259
  57. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3576906
  58. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/425838771
  59. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/47111869
  60. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/62153142
  61. House of Representatives: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/543960481
  62. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/543959901
  63. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2838256
  64. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/59795
  65. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/65071968
  66. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/149173830
  67. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6466025
  68. Sejm: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3224791
  69. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/25910941
  70. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/239427757
  71. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6456903
  72. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2949717733
  73. State Duma: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/5968416
  74. Federation Council: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/3321177
  75. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/3428608228
  76. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/340121041
  77. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/44145644
  78. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/6985173
  79. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/458806251
  80. National Assembly: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/448068763
  81. National Council of Provinces: https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/141281524
  82. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/144031920
  83. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/270596342
  84. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4042541
  85. Congress of Deputies: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4545711
  86. Senate: https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4008847
  87. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/4742581
  88. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/330906531
  89. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/105734017
  90. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/34395
  91. https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/1244762265
  92. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/254958900
  93. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/46787956
  94. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/67624843
  95. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/240960784
  96. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1567699
  97. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/39811548
  98. https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/66418809
  99. https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/286501