Planet.osm is the OpenStreetMap data in one file: all the nodes, ways and relations that make up our map. A new version is released every week. It's a big file (XML variant over 498GB uncompressed, 36.1GB bz2 compressed and 25.2GB PBF).
There are also files called Extracts which contain OpenstreetMap Data for individual continents, countries, and metropolitan areas.
- 1 Format
- 2 Downloading
- 3 Technical notes
- 4 Other planet files
- 5 License
The two main formats used are PBF or compressed OSM XML. PBF is a binary format that is smaller to download and much faster to process and should be used when possible. Most common tools using OSM data support PBF.
For an overview over all osm file formats have a look at OSM file formats.
If you are using traditional GIS tools you may want to look at Processed data providers.
See below for usage instructions.
|http://ftp.heanet.ie/mirrors/openstreetmap.org/ and ftp and rsync||Weekly with 10h delay||Yes||Yes|
Country and area extracts
Worldwide extract sources
|http://download.geofabrik.de/|| daily extracts in PBF:
|http://osmdata.thinkgeo.com/||Most countries in the world (shp file)||Weekly||No|
|http://www.overpass-api.de||Overpass API excerpts up to ~300MB uncompressed||
||Yes, since v0.7.50|
|http://download.bbbike.org/osm/||More than 200 cities and regions worldwide or extract your own individual area (OSM, PBF, Garmin cycle map, Osmand, mapsforge, Navit and ESRI shapefile format)||Weekly||No|
|WeoGeo Market|| Worldwide coverage:
Regional extract sources
|http://ftp5.gwdg.de/pub/misc/openstreetmap/||Germany and EU||Daily||Yes|
|http://gis-lab.info/projects/osm_dump/index.html||Russia regions, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine and other xUSSR coutries||Daily||Yes|
|http://planet.openstreetmap.nl||Benelux (The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg), Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten||Daily||Yes|
|http://data.osm-hr.org/||Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Kosovo, Latvia(Geofabrik copy), Macedonia, Romania, Serbia||Daily||No|
|http://download.gfoss.it/osm/||Italy and regions||Weekly||No|
|planet.osm.ch||Swiss extract from the Swiss OpenStreetMap association. Including all lakes crossing the Swiss boundary and a few km of the surrounding countries.||Hourly||Yes|
|http://planet.openstreetmap.ie||Island of Ireland extract||Hourly||Yes|
Global thematic extracts
- http://openstreetmapdata.com provides shapefiles of global coastlines, land polygons or water polygons.
- WeoGeo Market provides worldwide coverage of all Map Features tags in many GIS file formats. View a quick walkthrough.
- this has been shut down as of 2014-09-15
The originating URL is http://planet.openstreetmap.org/. Please use a mirror if you can.
A new version of planet.osm is released weekly (currently every Thursday morning). We have these, going back to the start of April 2006.
The size of a planet.osm file is about
|330 GB||19 GB||09-2012|
The weekly dump normally starts at around 01:10am UK time on Wednesday morning and is guaranteed to contain all updates prior to that time. The dump is run within database transactions, but don't expect referential integrity. See Planet.osm/FAQ. The dump normally takes around 12 hours to complete.
Note : The timestamp of the file is recorded in it like this : <osm version="0.6" generator="OpenStreetMap planet.c" (...) timestamp="2013-01-02T01:10:14Z"> it will be usefull to decide what "diffs" to use if you want them :
Additionally we offer regular diffs. These are produced daily (under the 'daily' subdirectory) and more recently we also offer hourly diffs and minutely diffs. These have been produced with Osmosis and can be used to reconstruct the full dataset (see examples at OSM Wiki pages Osmosis and osmupdate). Since these only contain the differences, they are much smaller files; A daily diff is generally about 40 MB compressed. For more information please see Planet.osm/diffs
Processing the file
See Databases and data access APIs#Database Schemas for loading a planet file into a database.
See OSM file formats#Map-data for a list of tools which are able to manipulate osm files.
See Frameworks for accessing osm files from your software.
Unpacking .bz2 files
Osmosis and osm2pgsql allow you to use the files in bz2-compressed form. If you need to unpack it from bz2 format, use 7-zip on Windows; on Linux just type bzip2 -d planet.osm.bz2; or your OS may support double-click unpacking. See Wikipedia's list of compression programs.
If you are handling the compression yourself with libbzip2, then note that the files are compressed with pbzip2 and contain multiple streams that need to be handled as described in section 3.4.8 of the bzip2 documentation.
During download, the network will be your bottleneck. Once you have the file you will need to unpack it, and then disk I/O will be your bottleneck. Or you can work with the bzip'ed file, but then the CPU will be your bottleneck. If you have sufficient space to unpack the full planet file, you can save a lot of time and disk thrashing by unpacking it on the fly while downloading it: try
wget -O - http://planet.openstreetmap.org/planet_latest.osm.bz2 |bzcat >planet_latest.osm
Additional technical notes
wget: Due to the size of the planet files, some older distributions of wget do not work anymore. They are restricted to files of < 2GB, and attempting to download files larger than that will report a negative file size and fail – obtain a newer version of wget if that happens to you.
Other planet files
- GPS Traces can be found in planet.gpx
- Old versions of the planet file are available at http://planet.openstreetmap.org/ and the mirrors as well.
- An experimental full history file is available, containing every revision of each object.
- An unofficial history file from Nov, 2013 can be found here :http://data.openstreetmapdata.com/planet-history-2013-11-02.osh.pbf (See this thread for more details)
Planet files remain licensed under the same license as the master OpenStreetMap geo-database from which they are extracted - currently this is the Open Database License. Planet files from before September 12, 2012 have a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.