Key:name

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Public-images-osm logo.svg name
Helena, Montana.jpg
Description
The primary name: in general, the most prominent signposted name or the most common name in the local language(s). Edit or translate this description.
Group: Names
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesmay be used on waysmay be used on areasmay be used on relations
Documented values: 23
See also
Wikidata
Status: de facto

Main article: Names

The primary tag used for naming an element.

Note that OSM follows the On the Ground Rule. Names recorded in name=* tag are ones that are locally used, especially ones typically signposted.[1]

It should be the most prominent signposted name or the most common name actually used to refer to a given object, almost always in the local language(s). In rare cases names may use foreign languages - for example tourism-oriented gift shop may have name in language used by tourists, not in language of local people.[2]

Values

See below for the main values.



Key Value Element Comment
name User defined node way area The common default name. (Note: For disputed areas, please use the name as displayed on, e.g., street signs for the name tag, but abbreviation don't do it. Put all alternatives into either localized name tags (e.g., name:tr/name:el) or the variants (e.g., loc_name/old_name/alt_name). Thank you.)
name:<lg> User defined node way area Name in different language; e.g., name:fr=Londres. Note that all key variants below can use a language suffix. See: Multilingual names.
name:left and name:right User defined way Used when a way has different names for different sides (e.g., a street that's forming the boundary between two municipalities).
int_name User defined node way area International name (note: consider using language specific names instead; e.g., name:en=... - see above – International does not (necessarily) mean English).
loc_name User defined node way area Local name.
nat_name User defined node way area National name.
official_name User defined node way area It has been created for country names but we need a clarification for other cases between "name", "int_name", "loc_name" and "official_name". Example: official_name=Principat d'Andorra (where "name" is name=Andorra).
old_name User defined node way area Historical/old name.
reg_name User defined node way area Regional name.
short_name User defined node way area should be a recognizable, commonly used short version of the name, not a nick name (use alt_name for that), useful for searching (recognized by Nominatim).
sorting_name User defined node way area name, used for correct sorting of names — This is only needed when sorting names cannot be based only on their orthography (using the Unicode Collation Algorithm with collation tables tailored by language and script, or when sorted lists of names are including names written in multiple languages and/or scripts) but requires ignoring some parts such as:
  • ignoring leading articles, or
  • lowering the relative importance of first names cited before a last name,
  • ignoring the generic part of a street name when it occurs before the specific name (e.g., in French with "rue", "boulevard", "place", etc.),

all of them being ignored at the primary sort level and not easily inferable by a preprocessing algorithm.

alt_name User defined node way area Alternative name by which the feature is known. If there is a name that does not fit in any of the above keys, alt_name can be used, e.g., name=Field Fare Road and alt_name=Fieldfare Road, or name=University Centre and alt_name=Grad Pad. In rare cases, the key is used for multiple semicolon-separated names, e.g. alt_name=name1;name2;name3, but this usage is not preferred.
name_1, name_2, ... Do not use this tag, suffixed name tagging for multiple values is deprecated.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


Key variants can be suffixed with date namespace suffix (such as "old_name:en:1921-1932").

Multiple names

If you have multiple names for a feature, first try to choose a rich semantic tag like any of the ones in the table (like short_name=*, old_name=*, etc.). If none of them works, choose the alt_name=* tag. If there are multiple names that do not fit, alt_name=* can be used with semicolons.

Road names

Road names, especially highway names, may commemorate individuals. Depending on the region and specific case, the road name may appear prominently at every junction, or it may appear only once or twice at either end of the road, or there may be some other arrangement. In many regions, a motorway may be named but only the route number is signposted. Use the name=* tag if the name is suitable for general usage (such as for navigation); otherwise, use the official_name=* or alt_name=* tag.

Additional data

  • name=* tag is supposed to contain solely name, not to describe the type or location of the object or one of its other properties (such as height, elevation, operator, access restrictions, classification/certification/quality labels...).
  • strapline=* can be used to describe the advertising slogan that is also posted on shops under their name

See also

Footnotes

  1. https://wiki.osmfoundation.org/w/images/d/d8/DisputedTerritoriesInformation.pdf - OSMF official statement summarizing the situation of mapping disputed boundaries, borders, names and descriptions
  2. For example gift shops in Bethlehem may have names in English, but name tag for Bethlehem town will certainly not be in English