|subkey: "typology", Key:building:architecture:typology, Key:urban:typology|
|Status:||Proposals with undefined or invalid status (inactive)|
|Tagging:||building, urban, building:architecture=*|
|Applies to:||, ,|
|Definition:||Typology is a “study or analysis using a classification according to a general type.” |
This proposal adds additional values to the "building" key and the "urban" key, introduces the "building:architecture:typology" key and the "urban:typology" key with possibility of application to other relative keys such as "bridge:typology" and other forms of physical features.
Typology (in urban planning and architecture) is the taxonomic classification of (usually physical) characteristics commonly found in buildings and urban places, according to their association with different categories, such as intensity of development (from natural or rural to highly urban), degrees of formality, and school of thought (for example, modernist or traditional). Individual characteristics form patterns. Patterns relate elements hierarchically across physical scales (from small details to large systems). 
The key building:architecture:typology is describing in which group buildings/structures are classified according obvious common morphological and functional characteristics.
The key urban:typology is
During our project of NGT Zanzibar, we came across with the need to group the surveyed buildings in order to...
- useful for research/study
- useful for planning/development
Building:architecture:typology key list of NGT values
|Key||Value||Description (to be edited)||Photo (to be filled)|
|building:architecture:typology||single_storey_swahili||Term describing the architectural typology of single-storey buildings found in Ng’ambo area. The typology is developed based on the analogy between the form and function (primary function-residential, commercial function-secondary) of the building. The architectural form of the typology has undergone substantial changes in the recent years.|
|building:architecture:typology||modern_multi_storey_swahili||Term describing the architectural typology of usually two-storey buildings built on the footprint of a Single-storey Swahili house.|
|building:architecture:typology||post_modern_multi_storey_swahili||Term describing the architectural typology of (usually) contemporary multi-storey buildings built on one- or multiple footprints of an old Swahili house. The Post-Modern Swahili comprises both residential and mixed-use buildings found in the Ng’ambo area. For the time being most of the Post-Modern Swahili buildings are either solitary buildings placed within the context of Single-storey Swahili houses or clusters of two or more independent buildings built close to each other with little consideration to the neighbouring structures, yet respecting the street line. Post-Modern Swahili can also be seen as an emerging tendency within the architectural development of the area.|
|building:architecture:typology||suburban_villa||Term describing the architectural typology of detached family houses surrounded by a wall or a garden, the suburban villa is mostly found on the edges of the town. Buildings conforming to this typology can also be found in the inner town, usually built with little or no consideration to the surrounding(existing) urban tissue.|
|building:architecture:typology||apartment_block||Term describing the architectural typology of multi-storey residential buildings. In difference to Post-Modern Swahili buildings, the Apartment Buildings are not built on the footprint of a Single-storey Swahili house. The typology is developed based on the function of the buildings not its architectural form. Hence, the term can be applied widely and include modern and contemporary structures as well as older buildings housing multiple families.|
|building:architecture:typology||indian_shopfront||Term describing the architectural typology of mixed-use, two storied buildings built on a narrow footprint usually located along narrow commercial roads creating rows of houses. The Indian Shopfront has commercial areas on the ground floor and residential quarters on the first level. Traditionally found both in Stone Town and in Ng’ambo.|
|building:architecture:typology||modern_indian_shopfront||Typology derived from the Indian Shopfront, describing structures with commercial areas on the ground floor and more than one residential level.|
|building:architecture:typology||arcade_building||Term describing the architectural typology of multi-storey buildings comprised of shopping arcades on the two first storeys and with more enclosed remaining storeys used for offices, hotels and residential purposes.|
|building:architecture:typology||high_street||Multi-storey and mixed-use typically urban phenomenon found in the United Kingdom. It is used as a metonym for the concept of the primary business street of towns or cities especially to distinguish it from more concentrated city centres. As Ng’ambo lacks a clearly defined CBD we have decided to borrow the High Street concept to define streets with high concentration of business developed in recent years.|
|building:architecture:typology||public_school||Typology developed based on function, describing governmental educational institutions.|
|building:architecture:typology||madrasa||Typology that refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the Islamic religion.|
|building:architecture:typology||market_stall||Typology developed based on function, describing a detached one-storey structure built for commercial purposes.|
|building:architecture:typology||others||Typology encompassing all non-conforming buildings, including leisure, public services, educational buildings and residential structures.|
Urban:typology key list of NGT values
|urban:typology||organic_swahili_urban||Urban areas that have developed organically over the years. The existing pattern of streets as well as open and built areas has not been predefined, but has taken form gradually, influenced to a large degree by its inhabitants. Historically the areas are predominantly built with Single-storey Swahili houses.|
|urban:typology||grid_swahili_urban||Planned or semi-planned urban areas developed on an orthogonal grid pattern. Historically the areas are predominantly built with Single-storey Swahili houses.|
|urban:typology||bazaar_street||Commercial areas developed along narrow streets traditionally built with rows of Indian Shopfront buildings.|
|urban:typology||temporary_commercial||Undesignated commercial areas developed organically over time.|
|urban:typology||high_street||Typically is an urban phenomenon found in the United Kingdom . It is used as a metonym for the concept of the primary business street of towns or cities especially to distinguish it from more concentrated city centres. In the context of Ng’ambo the northern part of the Mlandege Rd extending from the Michenzani roundabout towards Malawi Rd as well as parts of the Malawi Rd have been identified as an urban typology akin to the High Street concept.|
|urban:typology||institutional_complex||Areas characterized by high density of institutional buildings.|
|urban:typology||low_density_suburban||Predominantly residential urban areas found on the edges of the town.|
|urban:typology||karume_new_town||Urban areas developed as a part of President Karume’s rehabilitation project for Ng’ambo in 1960s and 1970s after the revolution in 1964.|
|urban:typology||public_recreation||Public parks, gardens, large open spaces and recreational grounds.|
|urban:typology||limited_access_zone||Areas of limited public access.|
In general, these proposed values should be mapped in the same way as "building=yes", "urban=yes".
The Key:building, Key:building:architecture and Key:urban (in proposal stage) pages will be affected. New Key:building:architecture:typology and Key:urban:typology pages will need to be created to cover those tags; including a few examples showing most typical and universal architectural and urban typologies plus the ones that are more specific.
Please add comments on the proposal here.
Please comment on the discussion page.