The objective was to evaluate the characteristics of the Baccharis dracunculifolia DC., depending on levels of organic fertilizer, and seedlings were used B. dracunculifolia produced by seed, and kept under shade for a period of 84 days before being transplanted to the field, spaced 1.0 x 1.0 m, with drip irrigation. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replications, and doses of organic compost, 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 t ha-1. We performed a harvest, 150 days after transplanting. The essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometer (Shimadzu, QP-5000). All results were submitted to analysis of variance F test followed by regression analysis and Tukey test for the data: useful dry mass of shoots, content of essential and productivity of essential oil. For the variables total dry mass and dry mass of shoots useful, the doses studied influenced the plants, which showed the best results at a dose 50 t ha-1. For content of essential oil no significant influence was verified on the doses studied, but the dose 30 t ha -1 showed the best result. However the productivity of the essential oil, the doses studied influenced the plants, which in dose 30 t ha-1 obtained the best results.
Alecrim-do-campo, organic compound, medicinal plants.