User:Viper444/My Projects/Public, Protected, and Restricted Lands
There is no currently no clear defined method for tagging many public lands including parks, recreation areas, forest parks, conservation areas, nature reserves, natural areas, etc..
Depending on the size, scope, and use of the areas along with user preference, they are marked with any number of tags. This results in inconsistency, confusion, and makes it difficult to extract information about a common set of features.
I recommend we try a new method of tagging these types of things
Here are some of the main parts of this proposal
- All parks not part of a larger park system should be tagged park=* with the exception of nature parks.
- Nature parks and other areas with natural landscapes would be tagged landuse=nature_area
- Larger parks and nature areas would be part of park networks
- Protected parks and nature areas would get protected tags and/or be part of one or many protected area relationships
- admin_level=* used for defining administrative level of operation.
Parks can be defined quite broadly. The general definition is an area designated to some specific purpose.
For our definition. Parks will generally refer to maintained/landscaped areas not dedicated or dominated to nature.
This is very similar to the way leisure=park is currently defined on the wiki.
Examples include common recreational areas in communities however it could also include business and industrial parks, theme parks, trailer parks, and so on.
The goal is to narrow down the choices and determine which type deserves it's own category.
|Large, often networked parks|
|regional and/or national parks|
|Most protected areas|
Take a look at the proposed Key:park page to see all the different types of parks available to choose from
|park||yes||Land dedicated to a particular purpose. Includes business, community, trailer, theme, and amusement parks||Used for general tagging of parks. More specific values should be used if possible|
Now what about nature parks, wilderness areas, forest parks, grassland areas, savannas, natures areas, reserves, refuges, and so on?
These could all be considered forms of nature areas. Some with more or less levels of protection.
Sometimes these are called parks as well which can confuse things. However these areas tend to be naturally landscaped. So we will keep nature parks under this category of nature areas instead of parks to avoid confusion.
The description is typically a form of nature and an area and/or protection type.
For example -
|Term||Nature type||Area and/or Protection|
|Wildlife Protection Zone||Wildlife||Protection Zone|
|Spotted Newt Conservation Zone||Wildlife||Conservation Zone|
Some of these areas have more or less protections and other uses however they are still designated nature areas so we will take care of that first.
These should be tagged with the proposed tag landuse=nature_area
|landuse||nature_area||Designated areas used for the preservation or enjoyment of nature||Nature parks, areas, reserves, preserves, conserves, nature, wildlife, and biological protected Areas, refuges, sanctuaries, management areas, forest Parks, grassland parks, wildernesses, etc||leisure=nature_reserve
Next if the area is specifically a type of designated nature area, we can specify that with a nature tag
|nature||forest||Forest Nature Area||Local, regional, and national Forested Nature areas|
|nature||wilderness||Wilderness area||Local, regional, and national Wilderness Nature Areas|
|nature||grassland||Grassland Nature Areas||Local, regional, and national grasslands|
|nature||savanna||Savanna Nature Area||Local, regional, and national savannas|
|nature||wildlife||Wildlife Nature Area||Designated Wildlife areas|
We'll get to adding the recreational aspect if needed later on.
We may also may want to indicate the protections an area has.
This would be done with the Key:protected=*
|protected||yes||Area has some form of protection|
|protected||resource||Areas contains protections for natural resources
see possible resource types considered under Proposed features/Key:protected area
|protected||environment||Environmental protections in place|
|protected||wildlife||Wildlife protection areas, species management|
|protected||monument||National Monument areas|
|key||value||What it describes|
|protected||yes or wildlife for specificity||Wildlife Protection|
these could be described further with subclass tags for each kind of protected area.
Further detail on the protected object could be provided with additional tags
This could be used in combination with protection class if there is not a specific tag.
There are also areas the public is generally not allowed to be. These areas imply public access is not allowed.
These are restricted areas, and these restrictions deserve their own tag.
Restricted areas include anywhere that poses a safety, legal, or other hazard.
Areas would include water protection areas, and the like.
Parks and other natural areas that have recreational activities would be tagged with the following keys
|recreation||yes||Feature has recreational activities available||Recreational areas||Note: this is not the same as marking an area of land as a dedicated recreation area. This describes whether recreational activities are available within any number of features.|
|recreation||single_use||Single purpose recreation area (ATV, Sandrails, etc)||Single-use recreation areas|
|recreation||fishing||Fishing recreation available (potential for fishing site relationships)||.|
|recreation||hiking||Hiking trails available (potential for trail relationship)|
Administrative Level, Owner, Operator
Now that we can describe these areas effectively we can look at how to describe who owns and operates these areas and how they can be classified This is done using
With the amount of work that has gone into describing the rank of each area's administrative rankings it seems that there is no reason to reinvent the wheel.
Owner and operator can be used to describe the owner and operator.
Parks part of a larger network of parks should be added to a Park Network Relationship (park_network)
|name||Name of Park Network|
|admin_level||OSM Admin level of operator|
|park||park area within the network|
|boundary||boundary of the park|
|admin||node/way of the entity/place that administers the park network|
|owner||node/way of the entity/place that owns the park network|
|support||node/way of entities/places that support or maintain the park network|
Larger protected areas should be added to a protected area relationship as shown below
|name||Name of protected area|
|admin_level||OSM Admin level of operator|
|area||A protected area members|
|boundary||Boundary of protected area|
|admin||node/way of the entity/place that administers the protected area|
Large County Park part of a larger park network with a protected water power resource that that allows recreational access, has recreational areas, and is owned by federal government. The protected water resource being part of a larger Water storage basin.
|recreation||yes||with recreational activities|
|ownership||national||owned by federal government|
|name||this County Parks and Recreation||Name of park network|
|operator||this County||owned by federal government|
|admin_level||6||Operates at county level in US|
|name||Name of protected area||Name of protected area|
|admin_level||2||Managed at national level in US|
Using this method allows us to break things into render layers
|park||residential||residential parks||same as leisure=park|
|landuse||nature_area||nature areas||could be based on nature type otherwise should be similar to nature reserve|
|landuse||nature_area||admin_level||Administered nature area||same as boundary=national park perhaps with nature type defining fill shade or a shade of green|
|recreation||Recreational activities||could overlay with a recreation themed symbol|
|landuse||recreation_area||Recreational areas||Same as current|
|protected||Protected areas||minor dashed red outline perhaps?|
|restricted||Restricted areas||Red outline, bars, etc|
parks (Different depending on the type) defaults to grey border outline with park=yes
park=residential - same as leisure=park now
nature areas - same as nature reserves
nature areas in park networks - same as national park
protected nature areas - could have red dashed outline
Areas with recreation -
Designated recreation areas - same as current recreation area rendering
This is the beginning draft - more is being added
Please use the talk page to discuss this proposal by clicking the talk link at the top of the article
Please comment on the discussion page.