Kathmandu Living Labs/exposuresurvey

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General Tags For Educational and Health Facilities

This page lists the tags used by Open Cities Kathmandu team to map and populate exposure survey data for educational and health facilities in OpenStreetMap.

Educational Facility

Used to map and populate exposure data for educational facilities : kindergarten, school, college.

Amenity

For tagging amenity type of educational facilities

Educational Facilities
Key Value Element Description
amenity college NodeArea A college is an educational institution where students pursue their studies above the intermediate level.
amenity kindergarten NodeArea For children too young for a regular school (also known as playschool or nursery school).
amenity school NodeArea School and grounds; Inclusive of high schools providing classes till intermediate level.
amenity university NodeArea A university campus.

Level of Education

Used to specify the level of education provided by an educational institution (school, college, university)

Level of education
Key Value Description
isced:level college Runs classes after intermediate level.
isced:level higher_secondary Runs classes till intermediate level.
isced:level kindergarten Pre-school for kids.
isced:level lower_secondary Runs classes till 8th grade.
isced:level primary Runs classes till 5th grade.
isced:level secondary Runs classes till 10th grade.
isced:level university Provides both undergraduate and postgraduate education.

Management-type of educational facility

Used to tag management-type of educational facility.

Type of educational facility
Key Value Description
operator:type community This type of educational facility is run through community resources.
operator:type government This type of educational facility is run by the government.
operator:type private This type of educational facility is run by private bodies.

Additional Attributes of Educational Building

Additional Attributes of the buildings
Key Value Description
building_count number The number of buildings in an educational facility.
personnel:count number Staff number - teaching and non-teaching.
student:count number The number of students in an educational facility.

Health Facility

Used to map and populate exposure data for health facilities : hospital, clinic, health-post.

Amenity

For tagging amenity type of health facilities.

Key Value Element Description
amenity clinic NodeArea Private medical centres run by a group of doctors or a single doctor.
amenity dentist NodeArea Provides oral health services.
amenity health_post NodeArea Medical centres run by the Government to provide free primary health services to local communities.
amenity hospital NodeArea Bigger units in terms of health service providers where treatment is provided by specialized staff and equipments.

Management-type of Health Facility

Used to tag management-type of educational facility.

Key Value Description
operator:type community This type of health facility is run by community resources.
operator:type government This type of health facility is run by the government.
operator:type private This type of health faciltiy is run by private bodies.

Services rendered

These tags are used for defining the services rendered by health facilities.

Key Value Description
facility:icu yes / no Presence or absence of Intensive Care Unit.
facility:operating_theatre yes / no Presence or absence of Operation Theatre.
facility:ventilator yes / no Presence or absence of Ventilator.
facility:x-ray yes / no Presence or absence of X-ray.

Additional Attributes

Key Value Description
building_count number The number of buildings in a health facility.
capacity:beds number The number of beds available for treatment in a health facility.
opd:patients:count number The number of OPD patients in a day.

Building

Used to tag educational and health facility buildings. See Buildings for further details of usage of this tag and man_made=* for tagging of various other structures.

Building
Key Value Element Description
building clinic Area A building where a doctor/group of doctors run medical check ups. Also see amenity=clinic
building college Area A college building. Use amenity=college to tag a college premise.
building dentist Area A building where dentists provide oral health services. For more details check amenity=dentist
building health_post Area A building owned/rented by government to provide free medical services to local patients.
building hospital Area A building which forms part of a hospital. Use amenity=hospital for the hospital ground.
building kindergarten Area A building where pre-school children are looked after. Use amenity=kindergarten to tag the kindergarten.
building school Area A school building. Also see amenity=school
building university Area A building which forms part of an university. Also see amenity=university

Building Structure

Used to identify structural system of buildings. The structural system must be examined by knowledgeable person.

Key Value Description Picture
building:structure adobe One of the oldest building typology in Nepal. Sun-dried bricks (earthen) with mud mortar are used for construction of walls.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure engineered_reinforced_concrete Column size is minimum of 300 mm X 300 mm or more depending on load induced.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure load_bearing_concrete_block_wall_in_cement_mortar Concrete blocks in cement mortar. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Clean-out-blocks.JPG]
building:structure load_bearing_concrete_block_wall_in_mud_mortar Concrete blocks in mud mortar.
building:structure load_bearing_brick_wall_in_cement_mortar The structural walls are one brick thick (230mm) constructed in 1:6 cement sand mortar, in general.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure load_bearing_brick_wall_in_limesurkhi_mortar A composition of lime and surkhi is used to improve the quality of mortar in buildings. Most of the buildings built during Rana regime are of this type.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure load_bearing_brick_wall_in_mud_mortar Brick walls in mud mortar. The walls are usually 350-450 mm. thick.
building:structure load_bearing_stone_wall_in_cement_mortar Cement mortar is used to bind the stones together. The walls are usually 14-18 inches thick.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure load_bearing_stone_wall_in_mud_mortar Mud mortar is used to bind the stones together. The walls are usually 18-24 inches thick.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
building:structure non_engineered_reinforced_concrete Building structural system with reinforced concrete frames and unreinforced brick masonry infill in cement mortar. The column size is predominantly 9x9 inches, infill walls are 9 inch thick and internal walls are 4.5 inch thick.
Photo Courtesy: NSET

Floor Material

Used to tag the type of floor materials available in buildings.

Key Value Description
floor:material bamboo Flexible bamboo flooring.
floor:material concrete Rigid type of flooring with reinforced cement concrete.
floor:material jack_arch Semi-rigid jack-arch flooring.
floor:material wood Wooden flooring.

Roof

You can characterize the building roof using a catalogue of well known roof types. Additional roof shapes may be introduced later (S3DB_Proposals), including advanced approaches for manual modelling (e.g., ProposedRoofLines or parts of OSM-4D/Roof_table).

Image Roof0 0.jpg Roof1 0.jpg Roof2 0.jpg Roof2 3.jpg Roof2 4.jpg Roof2 5.jpg Roof4 0.jpg Roof4 2.jpg Roof5 6.jpg Saint Sophia Cathedra 2009l.jpg Roof5 0.jpg
roof:shape flat skillion gabled half-hipped hipped pyramidal gambrel mansard dome onion round

Roof Material

Outer Material of Roof .

Key Value Description Picture
roof:material thatch Thatched roof
Photo Courtesy: NSET
roof:material roof_tiles Tiles are put together to roof a building.
Photo Courtesy: NSET
roof:material metal Metal, flat or waved is used for roofing. [[1]]
roof:material concrete RCC/RBC roofing.
Roof made of concrete
Additional Information
Key Value Description
building:ownership self / rent The ownership of a facility building.
building:levels number Number of floors of a building above the ground (without levels in the roof).

If you tag new buildings, try to give a height value. Try to use building:levels=* only in addition to an height tag!

start_date number The age of a building in terms of it construction year.
retrofit yes / no Yes if a building has been retrofitted.

Vulnerability Factors

These factors aid to the identification of weak links in building structures.

Building Neighbourhood

Adjacency of buildings is used to study the pounding effect of one building on another.

Photo Courtesy: NSET
Key Value Description
building:adjacency one_side_same_height If a building has another building of same floor height adjacent to it on one side. Note that the buildings may have different number of storeys but the same floor height.
building:adjacency one_side_different_height If a building has another building of a different floor height adjacent to it on one side.
building:adjacency two_side_same_height If a building has adjacent buildings of same floor height on any two sides.
building:adjacency two_side_different_height If a building has adjacent buildings of different floor heights on any two sides.
building:adjacency three_side_same_height If a building has adjacent buildings of the same floor height on three of its sides.
building:adjacency three_side_different_height If a building has adjacent buildings of different floor heights on three of its sides.
building:adjacency free_standing If a building is sufficiently spaced from other buildings on all four sides, it is a free standing building.

Shape in Plan

Shape and geometry of buildings are used to determine earthquake resistance.

Key Value Description Picture
shape:plan rectangular A building shaped like a box, as rectangular in plan.
Building rectangular plan.png
shape:plan triangular Triangular shaped building plan.
shape:plan multiprojected If the building plan has multiple projections.
Building multiprojected plan.png
shape:plan narrow_long If the length of a building is 3 times its breadth.
shape:plan L-shape L-shaped building plan; projected part if less than 1/6th of the building length, it is considered to be rectangular in shape.
Building L shaped plan.png
shape:plan T-shape T-shaped building plan.
Building T shaped plan.png
shape:plan U-shape U-shaped building plan.
Building U shaped plan.png

Shape in Elevation

Vertical geometric shape of buildings is termed as shape in elevation.

Key Value Description
shape:elevation regular If the vertical geometry of a building is regular.
Vertical regular.png
shape:elevation setback Building geometry with upper stories set back from a broader base structure.
Vertical setback.png
shape:elevation narrow_long If the height of a building is 3 times longer than the base length.
Vertical narrow tall.png

Physical Condition

The observed physical condition of a building. This is related to the structural strength of a building and not the tidiness.

Key Value Description
physical_condition poor If a building has low quality of construction and material deterioration.
physical_condition average If a building has average quality of construction and finishing.
physical_condition good If the building has good quality of construction and finishing.

Presence of Earthquake Resistant materials

The presence of bands at lintel, sill and roof level, corner stitches, vertical reinforcements at corners and junctions of wall.

Key Value Description
seismic_resistance yes Presence of earthquake resistant element. Retrofitting includes lintel beam, sill band, vertical reinforcement and corner stitch in masonry structures
seismic_resistance partial Lintel beams present, other retrofitting elements absent.
seismic_resistance no No retrofitting elements.

Additional Attributes

Key Value Description
building:overhang yes / no Presence or absence of walls in projected cantilever or slabs more than 5 feet.
building:soft_storey yes / no Soft storey commonly occurs in buildings in urban areas where ground floor is usually open for parking or shops for commercial purposes.
building:bay:x number Number of beams rigidly connected to columns on either side along E-W direction. For L-shaped, U-shaped and multi-projected buildings, only the number of bays of the projected wing is noted, ie. minimum number of bays along either direction.
building:bay:y number Number of beams rigidly connected to columns on either side along N-S direction.
column:size 'number'x'number' Lateral dimensions of column in inches.