From OpenStreetMap Wiki
|name||User defined||اسم العنصر|
|name:<lg>||User defined||Name in different language; e.g., name:fr=Londres. Note that all key variants below can use a language suffix. See: Multilingual names.|
|name:left and name:right||User defined||Used when a way has different names for different sides (e.g., a street that's forming the boundary between two municipalities).|
|int_name||User defined||International name (note: consider using language specific names instead; e.g., name:en=... - see above – International does not (necessarily) mean English).|
|loc_name||User defined||Local name.|
|nat_name||User defined||National name.|
|official_name||User defined||It has been created for country names but we need a clarification for other cases between "name", "int_name", "loc_name" and "official_name". Example: official_name=Principat d'Andorra (where "name" is name=Andorra).|
|old_name||User defined||Historical/old name.|
|reg_name||User defined||Regional name.|
|short_name||User defined||Common abbreviation, useful for searching (recognized by Nominatim).|
|sorting_name||User defined|| name, used for correct sorting of names — This is only needed when sorting names cannot be based only on their orthography (using the Unicode Collation Algorithm with collation tables tailored by language and script, or when sorted lists of names are including names written in multiple languages and/or scripts) but requires ignoring some parts such as:
all of them being ignored at the primary sort level and not easily inferable by a preprocessing algorithm.
|alt_name||User defined||Alternative name by which the feature is known. If there is a name that does not fit in any of the above keys, alt_name can be used, e.g., name=Field Fare Road and alt_name=Fieldfare Road, or name=University Centre and alt_name=Grad Pad. If there are multiple names that do not fit, alt_name can be used with semicolons, e.g. alt_name=name1;name2;name3.|
||Do not use this tag, suffixed name tagging for multiple values is deprecated.|
This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.