User:Emkey08/Bicycle (draft)

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Available languages — Bicycle
· Afrikaans · Alemannisch · aragonés · asturianu · azərbaycanca · Bahasa Indonesia · Bahasa Melayu · Bân-lâm-gú · Basa Jawa · Basa Sunda · Baso Minangkabau · bosanski · brezhoneg · català · čeština · corsu · dansk · Deutsch · eesti · English · español · Esperanto · estremeñu · euskara · français · Frysk · Gaeilge · Gàidhlig · galego · Hausa · hrvatski · Igbo · interlingua · Interlingue · isiXhosa · isiZulu · íslenska · italiano · Kiswahili · Kreyòl ayisyen · kréyòl gwadloupéyen · Kurdî · latviešu · Lëtzebuergesch · lietuvių · magyar · Malagasy · Malti · Nederlands · Nedersaksies · norsk bokmål · norsk nynorsk · occitan · Oromoo · oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча · Plattdüütsch · polski · português · română · shqip · slovenčina · slovenščina · Soomaaliga · suomi · svenska · Tagalog · Tiếng Việt · Türkçe · Vahcuengh · vèneto · Wolof · Yorùbá · Zazaki · српски / srpski · беларуская · български · қазақша · македонски · монгол · русский · тоҷикӣ · українська · Ελληνικά · Հայերեն · ქართული · नेपाली · मराठी · हिन्दी · भोजपुरी · অসমীয়া · বাংলা · ਪੰਜਾਬੀ · ગુજરાતી · ଓଡ଼ିଆ · தமிழ் · తెలుగు · ಕನ್ನಡ · മലയാളം · සිංහල · བོད་ཡིག · ไทย · မြန်မာဘာသာ · ລາວ · ភាសាខ្មែរ · ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ ⵜⴰⵏⴰⵡⴰⵢⵜ‎ · አማርኛ · 한국어 · 日本語 · 中文(简体)‎ · 中文(繁體)‎ · 吴语 · 粵語 · ייִדיש · עברית · اردو · العربية · پښتو · سنڌي · فارسی · ދިވެހިބަސް

{{Feature |description = Used to describe bicycle and cycleway related infrastructure like cycle lanes, tracks, ways, roads, and others. |image = Zeichen 237.svg|100px |tags = {{tag|highway|cycleway}}<br>{{tag|cycleway}}<br>{{tag|bicycle_road}}<br>{{tag|bicycle}} }} == Overview == OSM has several different bicycle features which allow a detailed mapping of cycling infrastructure. Having good quality cycleway data allows routing software to choose the way that best suits cyclists. == Dedicated cycling infrastructure == === Cycle lanes === [[Image:Dsc01078_clip.jpg|150px|left]] A '''cycle lane''' is an inherent part of the road itself. It has no physical separation from the other lanes except the painting on the road. Notably, there is no curb between the cycle lane and the road. Cycle lanes are tagged by adding a {{tag|cycleway|lane}} tag to a {{tag|highway}}. Cycle lanes are often not present on both sides of the road, but only on one side. This can be mapped by using the {{tag|cycleway|:=left||lane}} and / or {{tag|cycleway|:=right||lane}} tags instead of just {{tag|cycleway|lane}}. The side is relative to the direction in which the way was drawn in the editor. See [[Forward & backward, left & right]] for details. Cycle lanes of oneway streets are again a bit different as they often allow a cyclist to travel in the opposite direction of the oneway street. For that purpose {{tag|cycleway|opposite_lane}} and {{tag|cycleway|opposite}} can be used. Please have a look at the [[Key:cycleway|cycleway key page]] for further information and many examples of how to correctly tag cycle lanes. {{clear}} === Cycle tracks === [[Image:Copenhagen Style Bike Lane.jpg|150px|left]] A '''cycle track''' is separated from the road by curbs, parking lots, grass verges, trees or another barrier, but is running parallel and next to the road (i.e., closer than a few meters). There are two ways to model cycle tracks. One possibility is to map the cycle track as part of the road. This is done by adding a {{Tag|cycleway|track}} tag to the {{tag|highway}}. The alternative is to draw a separate way next to the road which is tagged as {{tag|highway|cycleway}}. Both methods each have their pros and cons. Notably, adding a single tag to an existing way takes less time and still often describes the cycle track accurately, while a separately tagged cycle way is generally more flexible and allows to capture more detail. If the cycle track is mapped as part of the road, the side and travel direction of a cycle track can be specified in the same way as for cycle lanes. You can use the tags {{tag|cycleway|:=left||track}}, {{tag|cycleway|:=right||track}} and {{tag|cycleway|opposite_track}} for this purpose. As with cycle lanes, please have a look at the [[Key:cycleway|cycleway key page]] for further information and many examples of how to correctly tag cycle tracks as part of the road. The [[Tag:highway=cycleway|cycleway tag page]] provides additional information for mapping a cycle track as a separate way. {{clear}} === Cycle ways === [[Image:Path-bicycledesignated.jpg|150px|left]] A '''cycle way''' is a separate way which is independent from any road. Cycle ways are usually indicated by corresponding signage. Cycle ways are tagged with the {{tag|highway|cycleway}} tag. Add the {{Tag|foot|designated}} or {{Tag|foot|yes}} tag if foot access on a cycleway is allowed. In this case, always also add the {{Tag|segregated}} tag to indicate whether or not there is a separate pedestrian lane present. Note that ways which are not restricted to cyclists only can alternatively also be tagged as {{Tag|highway|path}} instead of {{Tag|highway|cycleway}}. {{clear}} === Cycle roads === [[Image:Bsp radstr ohne.jpg|150px|left]] A '''cycle road''' is a road designated for bicycles. These kind of roads get more and more common in Europe and are indicated by special traffic signs. Cycle roads are tagged by adding a {{tag|bicycle_road||yes}} tag to the {{tag|highway}}. {{clear}} == On-road cycling == Note that bicycles are per default allowed on most highway types in most countries anyway (see [[OSM tags for routing/Access-Restrictions|default access restrictions]]). If required, you can add the {{tag|bicycle}} access restriction tag to override the default access restrictions for cyclists. == Cycle routes == A '''cycle route''' is a route dedicated to cyclists, often indicated by signs. Cycle routes don't necessarily run along cycle ways - normal roads may also be used. Mountainbike routes often use tracks and paths. Cycle routes are tagged by adding a route relation along the way of the route. See [[Cycle routes]]. == Cycle facilities == OSM supports the following bicycle facilities: {| class="wikitable" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" |- style="background-color:#c0c0c0" !| Key !| Value !| Description |- | '''amenity''' | [[Tag:amenity=bicycle_parking|bicycle_parking]] | Bicycle parking |- | '''amenity''' | [[Tag:amenity=bicycle_rental|bicycle_rental]] | Bicycle rental |- | '''shop''' | [[Tag:shop=bicycle|bicycle]] | Bike shop / store |} == See also == * {{Tag|ramp:bicycle||yes}} (with {{Tag|highway|steps}}) * {{Tag|vending|bicycle_tube}} * {{Tag|barrier|cycle_barrier}} * [[DE:Bicycle]] - big "portal" related to bicycle mapping (in German) * [[Cycle routes]] - Explains bicycle mapping in general plus ncn_ref and lcn_ref keys * [[Mountainbike]] - portal for mountainbiking * [[OpenCycleMap]] - a rendering projects for bikers * [[OpenBicycleMap]] * [[CycleStreets]] – Routing for cyclists * [[BBBike @ World]] – a cycle route planner for more than 200 cities worldwide * [[Bicycle tags map]] - Slippy map with bicycle related OSM tags [[Category:Bicycles]]