WikiProject Costa Rica

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Costa Rica, North America
latitud : 9.93, longitud : -84.08
Examinar mapa de Costa Rica 9°55′48″ N, 84°04′48″ W
Editar mapa
Enlaces externos:
Utilice esta plantilla para su ciudad

Costa Rica es un país en América del Norte, en la latitud 9°55′48″ Norte y la longitud 84°04′48″ Oeste.

Flag of Costa Rica Mapping Project Costa Rica, the wiki home of Costa Rica on OSM.

¡Pura Vida! Welcome to Mapping Project page for Costa Rica!
This is the OSM Wiki homepage for mapping efforts in Costa Rica.
You can find national events, projects, map status, and links to other pages directly related to Costa Rica here!
You may also find a list of contacts and mappers involved.

OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under the OpenStreetMap License.



Administrative Division

In Costa Rica an official hierarchical administrative division is in use, but the locals hardly apply it or even know where they live or work. The division works on the following way:

Down to Distritos, there is a well defined geospatial cartography division, but the barrios are not well defined in most of the districts and are part of the local culture.


Provinces, Cantons and Districts

Click on a name of a province, canton or district to see a map with the corresponding border line highlighted. If a name does not have a link then the border is still not mapped.

Provincia
Alajuela
Cantón
Alajuela
Distrito
La Garita
Turrúcares
La Guácima
San Rafael
San Antonio
San José
Tambor
Alajuela
Río Segundo
Desamparados
Sabanilla
San Isidro
Carrizal
Sarapiquí
Atenas
Distrito
Atenas
Santa Eulalia
San José
San Isidro
Mercedes
Jesús
Escobal
Concepción
Palmares
Distrito
Palmares
Buenos Aires
La Granja
Zaragoza
Santiago
Candelaria
Esquipulas
Valverde Vega
Distrito
Toro Amarillo
tbd
tbd
Cartago
Cantón
La Unión
Distrito
Tres Ríos
Dulce Nombre
San Ramón
tbd
Oreamuno
Distrito
Santa Rosa
Cipreses
Cot
San Rafael
Potrero Cerrado
Alvarado
Distrito
Santa Rosa
Cipreses
Pacayas
Cervantes
Capellades
tbd
tbd
Guanacaste tbd
Heredia
Cantón
Belén
Distrito
La Ribera
San Antonio
La Asunción
Flores
Distrito
Barrantes
Llorente
San Joaquín
Santa Bárbara
Distrito
Santo Domingo
Purabá
Jesús
San Pedro
San Juan
Sarapiquí
Distrito
Llanuras del Gaspar
Cureña
La Virgen
Las Horquetas
Puerto Viejo
Barva
Distrito
tbd
San Pablo
Distrito
Rincón de Sabanilla
tbd
tbd
Limón tbd
Puntarenas tbd
San José
Cantón
San José
Distrito
Carmen [1]
Merced [2]
Hospital [3]
Catedral [4]
Zapote [5]
San Francisco de Dos Ríos [6]
Uruca [7]
Mata Redonda [8]
Pavas [9]
Hatillo [10]
San Sebastián [11]
Escazú [12]
Distrito
Escazú (San Miguel)
San Antonio
San Rafael
Desamparados
Distrito
Desamparados
San Miguel
San Juan de Dios
San Rafael Arriba
San Antonio
Frailes
Patarrá
San Cristóbal
Rosario
Damas
San Rafael Abajo
Gravilias
Los Guido
Santa Ana
Distrito
Santa Ana
Pozos
Uruca
Brasil
Piedades
Salitral
Tibás
Distrito
San Juan
Anselmo Llorente
Colima
León XIII
Cinco Esquinas
Moravia
Distrito
San Vicente
La Trinidad
San Jerónimo
Goicoechea
Distrito
Rancho Redondo
Mata de Plátano
Ipís
Purral
Guadalupe
Calle Blancos
San Francisco
Curridabat
Distrito
Curridabat
Tirrases
Sánchez
Granadilla
Montes de Oca
Distrito
San Rafael
Sabanilla
Mercedes
San Pedro
Vázquez de Coronado
Distrito
Dulce Nombre de Jesús
Cascajal
Patalillo
San Isidro
San Rafael
Alajuelita
Distrito
San Felipe
San Antonio
Concepción
San Josecito
Alajuelita
León Cortés Castro
Distrito
tbd
tbd

Costa Rica Border Tagging

While the borders for the seven Provinces of Costa Rica are already done, a lot of Cantons and almost all Districts are still missing. Once you got the coordinates for the points that define the borderlines, do the following:

  • Draw the borderlines in OSM or import the data.
  • Create a Relation of type boundary from all lines that make up the border of an area (Canton, District or Barrio).
  • Set the key admin level to 6 for a Cantón, 8 for a District and 10 for a Barrio.
  • Set role=outer for the borderlines.
  • Set the name key in the relation.

Canton Border

Having the border line for a Cantón is good, but we also want the name of the Cantón to be displayed on the map at lower zoom levels. The name key in the relation does not no this (it just writes the name next to the border line in very small letters. So we need a label. To define one, do the following:

  • tbd

District Border

tbd


Costa Rica Roads Tagging

Main guidelines:

  • Please use the official classification by the MOPT (Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes / Ministry of Public Works and Transportation), remember that OSM stands by a verifiability principle and should use the official road classification, Costa Rica's OSM should provide the same information as an official map.
  • Just because you use a shortcut inside residential areas, it doesn't mean that shortcut has a higher priority in its classification, specifically, don't tag shortcuts as highway=tertiary (or worse, highway=trunk, highway=primary, or even highway=secondary) so that it would look prettier in your GPS unit for daily commutes.
  • Also, a highway=secondary road that is widely used doesn't convert it into a highway=primary.
  • Use tags properly:
    • Use long textual names (like Calle Hungría Libre) as alt_name=* and the numeric names as name=* (Calle 42).
      • A few exceptions are widely known roads by their textual name alone (Paseo Colón for example).
    • Use ref=* only for official road numbers.

The first thing to keep in mind when tagging roads in Costa Rica is the fact, that these roads in most cases do not meet European standards. Even main highways like the Carretera Interamericana (Panamerican Highway) may have links with cobblestone surface that just lead to a couple of private houses.

That's why it is a good idea to depend of the importance of a road for tagging instead of the state the road actually is in.

The importance of the main roads has been defined as primary, secondary or tertiary by the MOPT.

It is recommended to follow these definitions even if some roads, like the tertiary road 301 south of San Ignacio should be used with a 4WD only. These state information can be given by surface and description tags.

The MOPT defines the following categories:

  • Red Vial Nacional Primaria (One or two digits)
  • Red Vial Nacional Secundaria (Three digits)
  • Red Vial Nacional Terciaria (Three digits)

Official road maps by Province:

Costa Rica road names and numbering

There are five different kind of road names in Costa Rica, they are defined according to their orientation, the numbering starts from a main road (Calle 0, Calle Central, Avenida Central, ...) and depending on the geographic orientation they get the number:

  • Calle: North-South ( | )
    • Odd (1, 3, 5, 7...) numbers on the West side of Calle 0 or Central.
    • Even (2, 4, 6, 8...) numbers on the East side of Calle 0 or Central.
  • Avenida: West-East ( -- )
    • Odd (1, 3, 5, 7...) numbers on the North side of Avenida 0 or Central.
    • Even (2, 4, 6, 8...) numbers on the South side of Avenida 0 or Central.
  • Diagonal: Southwest-Northeast (/)
  • Transversal: Southeast-Northwest (\)
  • Via: Used for those national roads in highway=trunk, highway=primary, highway=secondary, highway=tertiary. They are delimited by "Kilómetro" stones each kilometer.

Please use the whole name for each kind of road (ie, Calle, Avenida, ...) when naming the streets and NOT an abbreviation (C. C/, Av., etc).

"Autopistas" (Trunks)

THERE ARE *NOT* ANY highway=motorway IN COSTA RICA, what the locals know as such, are actually trunk lines.

There are a handful of trunk lines, locally known as "autopistas" which would translate as "motorway", but they are not by international definition, just separated way two-lane highways, therefore they MUST be tagged as highway=trunk, these are the "autopistas".

  • Autopista General Canas (Part of Route 1): Between San Jose (East) and Alajuela (West)
  • Autopista Florencio del Castillo (Part of Route 2): Between Zapote (West) and Cartago (East)
  • Autopista a Caldera (Part of Route 27): Between San Jose (East) and Caldera (West)
  • Braulio Carrillo (Part of Route 32): Between San Jose (West) and Limon (East)
  • Circunvalación (Route 39): This a ring circling San José, as of 2014 it is still unfinished (Missing a segment in the North).

No other highway in the country can be tagged as highway=trunk, even part of the aforementioned list need to be tagged as highway=primary as required (When the physical design of the road stops having a separation between the lanes).

"Red Vial Nacional Primaria","Ruta Nacional" (National Primary Roads)

Administratively they are primary roads, part of these can be a trunk as stated previously. So, the administrative tagging must be highway=primary, but when the highway is physically a highway=trunk, it should be tagged as one.

Examples of these routes include the 1, 2, 32. By definition any two or one digit route numbers.

"Red Vial Nacional Secundaria","Ruta Regional" (National Secondary Roads)

MUST be tagged as highway=secondary as administratively designated by the MOPT.

"Red Vial Nacional Terciaria","Ruta Regional" (National Tertiary Roads)

The tertiary roads should be tagged as tertiary.

"Travesias"

This is like a fourth administrative category, but they are usually well known routes that were recently assigned a number. They can be tagged as highway=tertiary. Add the appropriate five digit route number.

NOTE: Curiously, many of the route number of the "travesias" are also the corresponding nearest postal code.

Sources:

Others

Most of the other routes in Costa Rica are residential or unclassified, with a lot of tracks all over the country.

And if applicable, add:

Status

From time to time somebody comes along who did not read the mapping guidelines above or just does not care about them. In order to make it easer for those who do care, all parts of every important road in Costa Rica are gathered in a relation. That makes it easier to check if the road is still intact and it also helps fixing problems that an edit might have caused.

Route From Via To Check and Fix Status
107 Route 118 San Rafael de Poas Grecia Relation 4079271 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 01.Oct.2014: Ok
111 Heredia Belén SJO Relation 4100149 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 09.Oct.2014: Ok
114 Route 128 at Jesús Monte Gitano Route 126 at Barva Relation 5676127 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
118 Route 3 at Barrio San José Grecia Naranjo Relation 4079380 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 01.Oct.2014: Ok
119 Route 3 at Río Segundo Route 126 at Barva Relation 5676128 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
120 Route 126 at Vara Blanca Volcáno Poás Relation 4079639 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 01.Oct.2014: Ok
123 San Joaquín de Flores Santa Bárbara Alajuela Relation 4099173 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 09.Oct.2014: Ok
125 Alajuela Route 126 at Carrizal Relation 5676129 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
126 Heredia Carizal, San Miguel Route 4 Relation 4079808 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
127 Santa Bárbara Route 126 Relation 4099202 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 09.Oct.2014: Ok
128 Santa Bárbara Barva Relation 4099446 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 09.Oct.2014: Ok
129 San Joaquín de Flores Route 111, Belén Relation 4099517 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 09.Oct.2014: Ok
130 Alajuela San Isidro San Pedro de Poás Relation 4079461 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
140 Ciudad Quesada San Miguel Relation 5676285 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
146 San Pedro de Poás Route 120 Relation 4079545 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 01.Oct.2014: Ok
708 Sarchi Sur Bajos del Toro Route 140 at Río Cuarto Relation 5676286 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
718 Route 107 at Tambor Route 130 at Itiquis Relation 5674127 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
712 Route 130 at San Isidro Route 146 at Fraijanes Relation 5676130 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
719 Route 118 Tuetal Norte Route 718 at Itiquis Relation 5674128 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
727 Route 107 at Tambor Tuetal Norte Route 130 at Alajuela Relation 5674129 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 19.Nov.2015: Ok
10103 San Pedro only one way to Sabana Relation 4080924 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) 02.Oct.2014: Ok

tbd: remove old table if roads have relations and were moved to the new one.

Travesia Location Highway tag Status
10101 Sabana to Antigua Aduana tertiary Done
10102 Sabana to San Pedro tertiary Done
10103 Sabana to San Pedro tertiary Done
10104 Sabana to San Pedro, Avenida 10 tertiary Partial, Requires checking the east end, as it continues but there isn't a direct link
10105 Downtown San Jose South to North, Calle Central tertiary Done
10106 Downtown San Jose North to South, Calle 1 mostly and a block of Calle 1 tertiary Done
10107 Downtown San Jose North to South, across new China Town, maybe obsolete tertiary Partial, need to check one way roads
10108 Downtown San Jose North to South residential Done
10109 Downtown San Jose North to South residential Partial, need to check one way roads
10110 Downtown San Jose North to South residential Done
10111 Sabana to San Pedro residential Done
10117 San Pedro to Zapote residential Done
10120 San Pedro to Zapote residential Done
10802 Purral residential Done
10804 San José, Guadalupe residential Done
11401 San José, Moravia residential Done
11402 San José, Moravia residential Done
11501 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11502 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla, UCR residential Done
11504 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11505 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11506 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11507 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11508 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11509 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11510 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11511 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11512 Los Yoses residential Done
11513 San José, Montes de Oca, Sabanilla residential Done
11801 San José, Curridabat to Zapote residential Done
11804 San José, Curridabat residential Done

Beaches

One of the most popular places in Costa Rica are its beaches, mapping those is very easy.

Inside the border of the coastline, map an area covering the sand of the beach and tag it:

There are places where instead of pleasant sand, a bunch of rocks is what you will see, they can be tagged also with:

Agriculture Areas

Due to the high production of natural products in Costa Rica, particularly coffee, the recommended tags for "cafetales" (Coffee Plantations) would be:

Coffee Plantations

Points of Interest

Catholic Churches

Suggestions for tagging the dozens of Catholic churches in this country, they are of particular importance as a custom of using them as points of reference, so, even when a contributor isn't catholic or even religious, all the churches should be added as soon as possible.

By any means please add another denomination's churches, synagogues or mosques (I don't think there are much more than two of the two last) too.

Draw an area around the building of the church and add all the following tags:

With all those tags added, the render will display an area with a Christian cross and the name of the church.


International Names

Almost all names should be in Spanish, except a few locations where the local native name in Bribri, Cabecar and such, is still in use.

Use name:cai=NATIVE NAME in those circumstances.

cai according to ISO 639-2 is used for Central American native languages.

A few places can have names in English, German or Chinese, use the appropriate tags there. See [Multilingual names] for more information.


See also

Garmin

Routable maps of Costa Rica and Central America for Garmin devices are available here. They are updated every week.

OSM - Central America - Country/Territory List +/-

Belize - Costa Rica - El Salvador - Guatemala - Honduras - Nicaragua - Panama

OSM - North America - Country/Territory List

Several nations listed here straddle both North and South America or can also be considered Caribbean.

+/-

Anguilla (UK) Antigua and Barbuda - Aruba (Netherlands) - Bahamas - Barbados - Belize - Bermuda (UK) - British Virgin Islands (UK) - Canada - Cayman Islands (UK) - Clipperton Island (France) - Costa Rica - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - El Salvador - Greenland (Denmark) - Grenada - Guadeloupe - Guatemala - Haiti - Honduras - Jamaica - Martinique (France) - Mexico - Montserrat (UK) - Navassa Island (USA) - Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) - Nicaragua - Panama - Puerto Rico (USA) - Saint Barthélemy (France) - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia - Saint Martin (France) - Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) - United States - U.S. Virgin Islands (USA) -