Canada admin level
Two Canadian provinces have two tiers of municipalities: Ontario and Quebec. In these provinces, the upper-tier municipality is tagged as admin admin_level=6, while the lower tier municipality is tagged as admin admin_level=8.
British Columbia has regional districts tagged as admin_level=6, within which incorporated municipalities are single-tier and tagged as admin_level=8. Unincorporated places located outside of the municipalities are grouped into "electoral areas", governed directly by the regional district. Incorporated municipalities must be relations, and should have one node with the "admin_centre" role, indicating the location of the municipal hall, be it a city hall, town hall, village hall, or district office. Electoral areas, all of which must be relations as well, are also tagged as admin_level=8, but do not use the "admin_centre" role. Municipalities enclaved within a single electoral area must have their borders tagged as part of the surrounding electoral area, but with Role:inner.
The remaining provinces use single-tier municipalities, which are tagged at admin_level=6. This includes regional municipalities (like counties) and local municipalities (like cities, towns, and sometimes villages). In these provinces, incorporated towns or villages are not part of the surrounding county, so their border should be tagged as part of the surrounding county with Role:inner. Populated areas in regional municipalities that are named and somehow recognized, but not incorporated (like hamlets), are tagged as admin_level=8.
Cities themselves are divided into boroughs, quarters, and neighbourhoods at admin_level=8, admin_level=9, and admin_level=10 respectively. The exact definition of these terms varies between cities, and might not match the terms used by the city itself. For example, the areas that the City of Edmonton refers to as "neighbourhoods" are large enough to be tagged as quarters.
For more information, see w:Administrative divisions of Canada.
|Province or territory
|Single-tier municipalities and upper-tier municipalities
(county, municipality, city, district, town)
|N/A||Lower-tier municipalities and unincorporated places|
(town, village, hamlet)
(city, town, village, summer village, municipal district, specialized municipality)
(hamlets, urban service areas)
|British Columbia||N/A||regional districts||N/A||incorporated municipalities (with admin_centre role used) and rural electoral areas (without admin_centre role)|
(rural municipalities, cities, towns, villages)
(hamlets, northern communities, settlements)
|New Brunswick||counties†||incorporated municipalities
(city, town, village, regional municipality) local service districts
|N/A||unincorporated places||historic parishes†|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Newfoundland, Labrador||incorporated municipalities
|Northwest Territories||administrative regions||municipalities||N/A||designated authorities|
|Nova Scotia||counties†||incorporated municipalities
(regional municipalities, towns, county municipalities, district municipalities)
|Ontario||N/A||districts, upper-tier municipalities, single-tier municipalities||N/A||lower-tier municipalities|
|Prince Edward Island||counties†||incorporated municipalities
(cities, towns, rural municipalities, resort municipalities)
|Quebec||administrative regions||upper-tier municipalities
(regional county municipalities, metropolitan communities, regional government)
(cities, towns, villages, townships)
(cities, towns, villages, resort villages, rural municipalities, northern towns, northern villages, northern hamlets)
|Yukon||unincorporated divisions||incorporated Municipalities (cities, towns)||N/A||hamlets, localities unincorporated places|
- † These are historical divisions no longer used for administrative purposes.
The word "neighbourhood" is used in different ways by different cities. Because of this, the areas that a city calls its neighbourhoods can be tagged as either suburbs, quarters, or neighbourhoods, depending on their size and how they fit into the city's zoning hierarchy.
|BC||Lower Mainland||city||town centre||neighbourhood|
|NS||Halifax||community||subdivision or locality||neighbourhood|
|QC||all cities||arrondissement||neighbourhood cluster||neighbourhood|
First nations reserves and self-governing areas are tagged with boundary=aboriginal_lands. If a first nation government controls more than one reserve, the boundaries of each reserve should be part of two relations both tagged with boundary=aboriginal_lands. One relation is for the individual reserve, and the other relation is for the nation as a whole. For example, Alexander First Nation controls multiple reserves, so this relation is for Alexander Indian Reserve #134, while this relation is for Alexander First Nation as a whole.
To further differentiate them from the surrounding county, reserves may also be tagged with admin_level=6, but don't do this for land that is owned by the first nation but is still part of the regional municipality. A few very large self-governing regions are tagged as admin_level=5. Villages within first nations can be tagged as admin_level=8 if they are recognized by the first nation government.