Microgrants/Microgrants 2020/Proposal/Water and Sanitation mapping in Nairobi's informal settlements/Report

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Status and Report Type

There are two report type, interim and final. The interim report is due midway from the start of the project to the expected completion. The final is due within one month of completion of the project. When your report is complete change the status from draft to submitted when ready to submit; Microgrant committee will move the status to Under Review to Accepted. Or the Microgrant committee may ask for more information by changing the status to Incomplete.

status = draft

Step 1. Methods and Activities

Tell us about what happened during the planning, execution and follow-up stages of your project. Please share stories of both your triumphs and your challenges.

The main aim of the project was to map water facilities, toilet facilities and waste collection points in four (4) slums; Kibera, Mathare, Mukuru Kwa Njenga and Kangemi. This would help in identifying the change that has occurred in the areas in terms of establishment of new facilities, destruction of facilities that existed before and how these new developments have affected the residents with regards to access to these Sanitation facilities.

Mapping is physically and financially demanding-we decided to settle on two areas: Mathare and Kibera owing to these two factors. We sourced a team of ten (10) for each location and allocated them villages which were familiar to them. All participants were trained on the use of Open Data Kit (ODK) for data collection. Map Kibera staff were also assigned to each group for supervision and coordination of the field exercise. The data collected from the exercise was later edited on Java OpenStreetMap (JOSM) and uploaded to Open Street Map (OSM) for easy access to the public and all interested parties.


  • The data will help other partner organizations and stakeholders in planning and addressing public health issues and social welfare in the areas.
  • The data is also an update of the initial mapping that was done many years ago
  • Map Kibera through the mapping exercise has created a good rapport with the locals and authorities
  • In addition to the mapping, we also managed conduct a survey on the Impacts of COVID-19 on the residents of Mathare slum
  • Kibera News Network (KNN) also managed to document the crucial mapping together with its impact and relevance for the residents of both locations. This will go further in giving a voice for the residents in both areas with regards to water and sanitation with the hopes of prompting change by relevant authorities


  • Lack of cooperation from some respondents i.e. some toilet and water attendants were suspicious and did not share information
  • High insecurity in volatile villages like Mlango Kubwa, Gitadhuru and 4B where tensions were always high and even some of the mappers were heckled and threatened by violent gang members (cartels)
  • The weather was inconsistent and work had to be delayed in certain areas due to heavy rains
  • Language barrier was also a challenge since some residents are from neighboring countries (Uganda)
  • Some plots were locked making them inaccessible

Step 2. Outcome

What is the most important and valuable result of your project? What did it change, solve or accomplish? If the goal was a mapping goal, please provide before and after images. If this was a software project, please provide a link to the project.

The teams managed to map a total of eight hundred and seventy nine (879) toilet facilities, eight hundred and forty (840) water points and one hundred and seventy (170) waste disposal points. ODK has the option of capturing photographs making it possible to see the condition and state of the toilet facilities that were mapped and which is a great advantage. This function also creates for better accountability to ensure that data was not cooked. The aim of the project was to map out all, if possible-water points, toilets and waste disposal points in Mathare and Kibera. This was greatly achieved because a good number of the facilities were mapped and to add on the already existing data on the same (WATSAN), we indicated their operational status and condition for a much more vivid description. Furthermore this data has been resourceful to the authorities and partner organizations and will allow them to intervene with much efficiency since it is a recent and detailed update. There was a huge data gap even from government records and this mapping has significantly addressed that.

Step 3. Detail Report

Please report on your original project targets, use the below table to:

  • List each of your original targets from your project plan.
  • List the actual outcome that was achieved.
  • Explain how your outcome compares with the original target. Did you reach your targets? Why or why not?
Target outcome Achieved outcome Explanation
To map four locations i.e. Kibera, Mathare, Kangemi & Mukuru Kwa Njenga Two locations were mapped i.e. Kibera & Mathare The four areas were vast and we could have required more labour(mappers) which would in turn overstretch the budget as it were
Training of youth on ODK, OSM,JOSM, HOT Tasking Manager Trained youth on ODK 1.Due to various commitments many did not show up for training on the other tools

2. Financial challenges; due to covid pandemic, it was difficult for many to spare time for the voluntary training since most were seeking a means of income

To map and update WATSAN facilities i.e. Water Points and Toilet facilities Mapped WATSAN facilities and conducted a survey (COVID-19 Impact) and mapped waste collection points The four areas were vast and we could have required more labour(mappers) which would in turn overstretch the budget as it were.
Training 20 youths We managed to achieve gender parity by having equal number of males(10) and females(10) in all groups In our effort to be more inclusive we managed to train 20 members from each location with a perfect consideration of gender i.e. 10 males and 10 female

Note: Two rows for your table have been provided below. To add more rows for additional goals, just copy and paste another row template below these.

Step 4. Learning

Projects do not always go according to plan. Sharing what you learned can help you and others plan similar projects in the future. Help the movement learn from your experience by answering the following questions:

  • What worked well?

-The covid-19 survey helped us to highlight the challenges faced during the pandemic. Additionally, our media team (KNN) managed to capture resident’s views on the same. -The training was conducted well with exercises and rehearsals before the actual mapping. During the trainings all Covid-19 protocols were observed, all the trainees and trainers wore masks and hand sanitizers were provided and to ensure that there was social distancing the training was split into several days to accommodate specific number of trainees. -The equipment (mobile phones) worked effectively achieving the best accuracies in terms of GPS reading and image capture. -Since the mappers were residents of the villages they were assigned to map, the exercise was easily conducted. They all had perfect knowledge on their boundaries. -Despite climate challenges, the mapping proceeded regardless and time was well considered. -There was limited in person interactions to reduce the risk of spreading the coronavirus; all teams had their phones and wore masks during the exercise

  • What did not work so well?

-Due to security threats we had to make a few adjustments to allow for tensions to be calmed in the affected areas. -Climate challenges: cloud cover affects GPS recordings and it takes longer to get a reading. The mappers experienced this during the exercise.

  • What would you do differently next time?

Step 5. Grant funds used

Please describe how much grant money you spent for approved expenses, and tell us what you spent it on.

Step 6. Unused funds

If there are remaining funds, please list the amount here:

  • Let us know if you would like to use the remaining funds on a similar or new project. Remember, a grants officer must approve this request before you spend the money.

Step 7. Anything else?

Is there anything else you want to share about your project?

Step 8. Save your page

Press Save page and you've created your report. Thanks for helping improve OpenStreetMap!

Step 9.

One last step! Email microgrants, “ат”osmfoundation.org to notify us that your report is ready for review. Remember to include copies of your receipts!


  • Although English is the preferred language for reports, you are welcome to submit yours in any language. Links to blog posts, slides, etc in other languages are also welcome.
  • Words between <tvar|comment-start>"<!--"</> and <tvar|comment-end>"-->"</> in the edit window will not show up on your saved page.