OpenRailwayMap/Tagging in Germany/Ra and Sh Signals
This page is part of the signal tagging scheme for railway signals in Germany (signals defined by ESO and additional signals used on that railway lines).
- 1 Ra Signals
- 2 Sh Signals
Ra 6-9 Hump Signal
German name: Abdrücksignal
Ra 6–9 can be found on hump and gravity yards. They tell the train driver how fast he has to push the cars over the hill.
- railway:signal:humping:form=light/semaphore light or semaphore signal?
Ra 10 Limit of Shunt Indicator
German name: Rangierhalttafel
This signal (it is a sign) is mounted near the end of a station towards the entry signal. Shunting beyond this signal is not permitted without a written command. Otherwise shunting trains would enter the overlap between Ra 10 and the entry signal. photographs by Simon Walter
Ra 11 Wait Board
German name: Wartezeichen
Shunting trains have to stop at this signal. They will receive the permission to continue
- via light signal Sh 1 (shunting permitted)
- if the signal cannot display Sh 1, the dispatcher will raise a arm (day) or a white light (night)
- if the signal cannot display Sh 1, by a spoken/shouted command
Sign without Sh 1 in West Germany:
Signs without Sh 1 in East German are called Ra 11b (see below).
Sign with Sh 1:
Ra 11a ex-DR Wait Board
See Ra 11 Wait Board.
Ra 11b ex-DR Wait Board
This signal is almost the same as Ra 11 but it only exists in East Germany, lacks the Sh 1 lights and is white instead of yellow. photographs by Simon Walter
Ra 12 ex-DB Boundary Marker
German name: Grenzzeichen
Cars may be parked until this signal. Cars which are parked beyond this signal may reach into the loading gauge of a neighbouring track. This signal is usually mounted next to a point or railway crossing. photographs by Simon Walter
Ra 12 ex-DR Shunting Permitted
Siehe Sh 1 Fahrverbot aufgehoben.
Ra 13 Insulation Sign
German name: Isolierzeichen
We do not map them.
Hp 0/Sh 1 Shunting Stop Signal/Shunting Permission Signal
German name: Rangierhaltsignal (Sh 0/Hp 0), Rangierfahrtsignal (Sh 1)
Hp 0 (ligh signal): Stop (shunting and normal operations), formerly known as Sh 0
Hp 0 (semaphore signal): Stop (normal operations only, shunting may pass this signal with a spoken permission or Sh 1)
Sh 0 (semaphore signal): Stop (shunting operations)
Sh 0 (semaphore signal at derailers): derailer will derail passing vehicles
Sh 1: shunting permitted
Sh 1 at derailers: derailer will not derail passing vehicles (this does not include a shunting permission)
railway:signal:minor:states=sh0;sh1deprecated tagging, has been replaced by a tagging scheme using country-operator prefixes
- railway:signal:minor:states=DE-ESO:hp0;DE-ESO:sh1 (There was used
hp0until mid of 2014, change to
hp0was decided Kölner Mappingwochenende)
railway:signal:minor:marker_light=yes/no Kann das Signal Kennlicht zeigen?veraltetes Tagging,
- If the signal can display marker light, add
Sh 1 lights Main/Combined light signals (Hp, Ks, Sv, Hl) often have two additional small white lights to display Sh 1. Add following two tags to the main/combined signal:
Sh 0 boards see buffer stops.
Sh 0/Sh 1 signals at derailers see derailers.
If the signal is used inside passenger stations to separate a track into two sections for different trains, use railway:signal:minor:states=DE-ESO:hp0;DE-ESO:kennlicht. These signals are called "Zugdeckungssignale" and can only show Hp 0 and marker light. (photograph)
Sh 2 End of Track Indicator
German name: Schutzhalttafel
This signal is mounted at
- buffer stops
- opened moveable bridges
- where all trains should stop (because further parts of the line are under construction or closed for other reasons)
Sh 3 End of Track Distant Signal
German name: Wärtervorscheibe, old name: Haltvorscheibe
This signal has been removed from DB's signalling rules in 2006. But there can exist some signals at OSM (e.g. on abandoned lines and on lines operated by third-party companies).
This signal is mounted 400 to 1300 m (default breaking distance) before a Sh 2 board. It looks like Vr 0 without Ne 2 but has no lights.